Safety business

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  • 1.
    • Anbr Cama
    • Presents
    • Safety Business www.anbrcama.com
  • 2. Safety Is Everybody's Business Environmental Health & Safety
  • 3. Course Objectives
    • Help you decide that safety IS everybody’s business, and why
    • Provide you with an understanding of accident causes
    • Explain safety responsibilities
      • For both employees and employers
    • Introduce you to specific safety topics
      • Fire safety, lab safety, office safety
  • 4. Why Worry about Safety?
    • Why do you need to be concerned about safety?
    Hurt DOL EPA $$$$ Lost time WC Pain! Loss
  • 5. Why Worry: Common Reasons
    • Getting hurt isn’t fun!!!
    Not All Pain is Gain Nobody likes getting hurt Healthy employees are more productive employees
  • 6. Why Worry: Common Reasons
    • Getting hurt isn’t fun!!!
    • Cost of Accidents
  • 7. Cost of Accidents
    • Direct Costs
      • Medical Costs (including worker’s comp)
      • Indemnity Payments
    • Indirect Costs
      • Time Lost (by worker and supervisor)
      • Schedule delays
      • Training new employees
      • Cleanup time / equipment repairs
      • Legal fees
  • 8. Cost of Accidents:
    • On average, the indirect costs of accidents exceed the direct costs by a 4:1 ratio
    The Iceberg Effect
  • 9. Cost of Accidents
    • What does that mean for OSU?
      • FY 1997: 499 claims for $1,485,068
      • FY 1999: 579 claims for $1,902,688
      • FY 2000: 550 claims for $1,582,169
      • (Direct costs in Worker’s Compensation)
    Multiply by four to estimate indirect costs to the University
  • 10. Why Worry: Common Reasons
    • Getting hurt isn’t fun!!!
    • Cost of Accidents
    • Legal Issues and Liability
  • 11. Legal Issues and Liability
    • As a result of safety violations:
      • You can be named in a lawsuit
      • Criminal charges may be filed against you
      • You can be cited by an enforcement agency
      • You can be fined by an enforcement agency
      • Your lab/workplace can be shut down by an enforcement agency
  • 12. Legal Issues and Liability
    • Because of personal liability, and you can be named as a defendant in a lawsuit
      • Working for the University does not protect you.
  • 13. Legal Issues and Liability
    • You can have criminal charges filed against you.
      • Negligent supervisors and employers have been charged with manslaughter
  • 14. Legal Issues and Liability
    • You can be cited by an enforcement agency
      • State Department of Labor (DOL)
        • DOL is currently inspecting departments on campus
      • EPA
        • They’ve already been here, and they’re coming back!
      • Federal OSHA has authority to get involved
        • GM plant in OKC
  • 15. Legal Issues and Liability
    • You can be fined by an enforcement agency
      • State DOL will issue citations first
      • EPA will levy fines…
        • Boston University was fined $750,000 in 1997
        • Brown University was fined $500,000 in 2000
        • University of Hawaii was fined $1.7 million in December
  • 16. Legal Issues and Liability
    • Cease and desist orders: if the violations are serious enough, agencies such as DOL, OSHA, and the EPA can (and will) shut down the job site until the problems are corrected.
    • EHS has issued cease and desist orders on OSU projects, as well.
  • 17. So how do you protect yourself? ????????
  • 18. Understanding Accident Causes
    • Accidents are caused by:
      • Unsafe conditions
      • Unsafe acts
  • 19. Accident Causes
    • Unsafe Conditions
      • Easiest to correct (and very cost effective)
      • Easiest to prevent
        • Safety audits
        • Safety inspections
        • Maintenance schedules for equipment
        • Encouraging employee reporting
        • Good housekeeping
  • 20. Accident Causes
    • Unsafe Acts
      • Most difficult to address
        • Changing behavior isn’t easy
      • Best prevented by developing a “safety culture”
  • 21. Safety Cultures
    • Establish accountability for safety
    • Define safety responsibilities
  • 22. Establishing Accountability: Performance Evaluations
    • Employees should be evaluated on their safety performance
      • Doing a job correctly includes doing it safely
    • OSU job description revisions may include generic job descriptions with:
      • “ Must follow all general and safety policies and procedures as established by the department, college/division, and university.”
  • 23. Establishing Accountability
    • Charge back systems
    • Safety goals
      • Accident costs
        • Equipment damage
        • Lost time
      • Accident rates
        • First aid #s
        • Workers comp #s
      • Loss ratios (including automobile rates)
    • Safety Activities
      • Safety meetings, inspections, using PPE
  • 24. Defining Responsibilities
    • Employee responsibilities include:
      • Recognizing safety hazards
      • Reporting safety hazards
      • Maintaining good housekeeping
      • Working safely
      • Using personal protective equipment (PPE)
      • Making the most of safety training
  • 25. Defining Responsibilities
    • Employer responsibilities include:
      • Providing access to information
        • Haz Com - MSDSs, written program
        • Bloodborne Pathogens – written program
        • Lab Safety – chemical hygiene plan
  • 26. Defining Responsibilities
    • Employer responsibilities (cont.)
      • Providing personal protective equipment
        • From OSHA 1910.132 : “Protective equipment, including personal protective equipment for eyes, face, head, and extremities, protective clothing, respiratory devices, and protective shields and barriers, shall be provided, used, and maintained in a sanitary and reliable condition wherever it is necessary by reason of hazards of processes or environment, chemical hazards, radiological hazards, or mechanical irritants encountered in a manner capable of causing injury or impairment in the function of any part of the body through absorption, inhalation or physical contact.”
  • 27. Defining Responsibilities
    • Employer responsibilities (cont.)
      • Providing training
        • Hazard Communications
          • Annual & within first 30 days of employment, also when new hazards are introduced
        • Quarterly safety training (required by state)
        • Special programs
          • Laboratory
          • Bloodborne pathogens
          • Respirators
          • Forklifts
  • 28. Defining Responsibilities
    • Employer responsibilities (cont.)
      • OSHA General Duty Clause: “Each employer
        • Has the general duty to furnish each employee with employment and places of employment free from recognized hazards causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm.
        • The specific duty of complying with safety and health standards promulgated under the act.”
  • 29. So what does all this mean?
    • It means that safety is everybody’s business.
    • From the moral aspect to the legal aspect, we all benefit from a safe work environment.
  • 30. For more information:
    • Check out the EHS website:
      • http://www.pp.okstate.edu/ehs/
    • Call EHS at 4-7241
    • Email me at:
      • [email_address]
  • 31. www.anbrcama.com