Safety business
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Safety business






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    Safety business Safety business Presentation Transcript

      • Anbr Cama
      • Presents
      • Safety Business
    • Safety Is Everybody's Business Environmental Health & Safety
    • Course Objectives
      • Help you decide that safety IS everybody’s business, and why
      • Provide you with an understanding of accident causes
      • Explain safety responsibilities
        • For both employees and employers
      • Introduce you to specific safety topics
        • Fire safety, lab safety, office safety
    • Why Worry about Safety?
      • Why do you need to be concerned about safety?
      Hurt DOL EPA $$$$ Lost time WC Pain! Loss
    • Why Worry: Common Reasons
      • Getting hurt isn’t fun!!!
      Not All Pain is Gain Nobody likes getting hurt Healthy employees are more productive employees
    • Why Worry: Common Reasons
      • Getting hurt isn’t fun!!!
      • Cost of Accidents
    • Cost of Accidents
      • Direct Costs
        • Medical Costs (including worker’s comp)
        • Indemnity Payments
      • Indirect Costs
        • Time Lost (by worker and supervisor)
        • Schedule delays
        • Training new employees
        • Cleanup time / equipment repairs
        • Legal fees
    • Cost of Accidents:
      • On average, the indirect costs of accidents exceed the direct costs by a 4:1 ratio
      The Iceberg Effect
    • Cost of Accidents
      • What does that mean for OSU?
        • FY 1997: 499 claims for $1,485,068
        • FY 1999: 579 claims for $1,902,688
        • FY 2000: 550 claims for $1,582,169
        • (Direct costs in Worker’s Compensation)
      Multiply by four to estimate indirect costs to the University
    • Why Worry: Common Reasons
      • Getting hurt isn’t fun!!!
      • Cost of Accidents
      • Legal Issues and Liability
    • Legal Issues and Liability
      • As a result of safety violations:
        • You can be named in a lawsuit
        • Criminal charges may be filed against you
        • You can be cited by an enforcement agency
        • You can be fined by an enforcement agency
        • Your lab/workplace can be shut down by an enforcement agency
    • Legal Issues and Liability
      • Because of personal liability, and you can be named as a defendant in a lawsuit
        • Working for the University does not protect you.
    • Legal Issues and Liability
      • You can have criminal charges filed against you.
        • Negligent supervisors and employers have been charged with manslaughter
    • Legal Issues and Liability
      • You can be cited by an enforcement agency
        • State Department of Labor (DOL)
          • DOL is currently inspecting departments on campus
        • EPA
          • They’ve already been here, and they’re coming back!
        • Federal OSHA has authority to get involved
          • GM plant in OKC
    • Legal Issues and Liability
      • You can be fined by an enforcement agency
        • State DOL will issue citations first
        • EPA will levy fines…
          • Boston University was fined $750,000 in 1997
          • Brown University was fined $500,000 in 2000
          • University of Hawaii was fined $1.7 million in December
    • Legal Issues and Liability
      • Cease and desist orders: if the violations are serious enough, agencies such as DOL, OSHA, and the EPA can (and will) shut down the job site until the problems are corrected.
      • EHS has issued cease and desist orders on OSU projects, as well.
    • So how do you protect yourself? ????????
    • Understanding Accident Causes
      • Accidents are caused by:
        • Unsafe conditions
        • Unsafe acts
    • Accident Causes
      • Unsafe Conditions
        • Easiest to correct (and very cost effective)
        • Easiest to prevent
          • Safety audits
          • Safety inspections
          • Maintenance schedules for equipment
          • Encouraging employee reporting
          • Good housekeeping
    • Accident Causes
      • Unsafe Acts
        • Most difficult to address
          • Changing behavior isn’t easy
        • Best prevented by developing a “safety culture”
    • Safety Cultures
      • Establish accountability for safety
      • Define safety responsibilities
    • Establishing Accountability: Performance Evaluations
      • Employees should be evaluated on their safety performance
        • Doing a job correctly includes doing it safely
      • OSU job description revisions may include generic job descriptions with:
        • “ Must follow all general and safety policies and procedures as established by the department, college/division, and university.”
    • Establishing Accountability
      • Charge back systems
      • Safety goals
        • Accident costs
          • Equipment damage
          • Lost time
        • Accident rates
          • First aid #s
          • Workers comp #s
        • Loss ratios (including automobile rates)
      • Safety Activities
        • Safety meetings, inspections, using PPE
    • Defining Responsibilities
      • Employee responsibilities include:
        • Recognizing safety hazards
        • Reporting safety hazards
        • Maintaining good housekeeping
        • Working safely
        • Using personal protective equipment (PPE)
        • Making the most of safety training
    • Defining Responsibilities
      • Employer responsibilities include:
        • Providing access to information
          • Haz Com - MSDSs, written program
          • Bloodborne Pathogens – written program
          • Lab Safety – chemical hygiene plan
    • Defining Responsibilities
      • Employer responsibilities (cont.)
        • Providing personal protective equipment
          • From OSHA 1910.132 : “Protective equipment, including personal protective equipment for eyes, face, head, and extremities, protective clothing, respiratory devices, and protective shields and barriers, shall be provided, used, and maintained in a sanitary and reliable condition wherever it is necessary by reason of hazards of processes or environment, chemical hazards, radiological hazards, or mechanical irritants encountered in a manner capable of causing injury or impairment in the function of any part of the body through absorption, inhalation or physical contact.”
    • Defining Responsibilities
      • Employer responsibilities (cont.)
        • Providing training
          • Hazard Communications
            • Annual & within first 30 days of employment, also when new hazards are introduced
          • Quarterly safety training (required by state)
          • Special programs
            • Laboratory
            • Bloodborne pathogens
            • Respirators
            • Forklifts
    • Defining Responsibilities
      • Employer responsibilities (cont.)
        • OSHA General Duty Clause: “Each employer
          • Has the general duty to furnish each employee with employment and places of employment free from recognized hazards causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm.
          • The specific duty of complying with safety and health standards promulgated under the act.”
    • So what does all this mean?
      • It means that safety is everybody’s business.
      • From the moral aspect to the legal aspect, we all benefit from a safe work environment.
    • For more information:
      • Check out the EHS website:
      • Call EHS at 4-7241
      • Email me at:
        • [email_address]