Safety business
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Safety business






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    Safety business Safety business Presentation Transcript

    • Safety Is Everybody's Business
      Environmental Health & Safety
    • Course Objectives
      • Help you decide that safety IS everybody’s business, and why
      • Provide you with an understanding of accident causes
      • Explain safety responsibilities
      • For both employees and employers
      • Introduce you to specific safety topics
      • Fire safety, lab safety, office safety
    • Why Worry about Safety?
      Why do you need to be concerned about safety?
      Lost time
    • Why Worry: Common Reasons
      Getting hurt isn’t fun!!!
      Not All Pain is GainNobody likes getting hurtHealthy employees are moreproductive employees
    • Why Worry: Common Reasons
      Getting hurt isn’t fun!!!
      Cost of Accidents
    • Cost of Accidents
      Direct Costs
      Medical Costs (including worker’s comp)
      Indemnity Payments
      Indirect Costs
      Time Lost (by worker and supervisor)
      Schedule delays
      Training new employees
      Cleanup time / equipment repairs
      Legal fees
    • Cost of Accidents:
      The Iceberg Effect
      On average, the indirect costs of accidents exceed the direct costs by a 4:1 ratio
    • Cost of Accidents
      What does that mean for OSU?
      FY 1997: 499 claims for $1,485,068
      FY 1999: 579 claims for $1,902,688
      FY 2000: 550 claims for $1,582,169
      (Direct costs in Worker’s Compensation)
      Multiply by four to estimate indirect costs to the University
    • Why Worry: Common Reasons
      Getting hurt isn’t fun!!!
      Cost of Accidents
      Legal Issues and Liability
    • Legal Issues and Liability
      As a result of safety violations:
      You can be named in a lawsuit
      Criminal charges may be filed against you
      You can be cited by an enforcement agency
      You can be fined by an enforcement agency
      Your lab/workplace can be shut down by an enforcement agency
    • Legal Issues and Liability
      Because of personal liability, and you can be named as a defendant in a lawsuit
      Working for the University does not protect you.
    • Legal Issues and Liability
      You can have criminal charges filed against you.
      Negligent supervisors and employers have been charged with manslaughter
    • Legal Issues and Liability
      You can be cited by an enforcement agency
      State Department of Labor (DOL)
      DOL is currently inspecting departments on campus
      They’ve already been here, and they’re coming back!
      Federal OSHA has authority to get involved
      GM plant in OKC
    • Legal Issues and Liability
      You can be fined by an enforcement agency
      State DOL will issue citations first
      EPA will levy fines…
      Boston University was fined $750,000 in 1997
      Brown University was fined $500,000 in 2000
      University of Hawaii was fined $1.7 million in December
    • Legal Issues and Liability
      Cease and desist orders: if the violations are serious enough, agencies such as DOL, OSHA, and the EPA can (and will) shut down the job site until the problems are corrected.
      EHS has issued cease and desist orders on OSU projects, as well.
    • So how do you protect yourself?
    • Understanding Accident Causes
      Accidents are caused by:
      Unsafe conditions
      Unsafe acts
    • Accident Causes
      Unsafe Conditions
      Easiest to correct (and very cost effective)
      Easiest to prevent
      Safety audits
      Safety inspections
      Maintenance schedules for equipment
      Encouraging employee reporting
      Good housekeeping
    • Accident Causes
      Unsafe Acts
      Most difficult to address
      Changing behavior isn’t easy
      Best prevented by developing a “safety culture”
    • Safety Cultures
      Establish accountability for safety
      Define safety responsibilities
    • Establishing Accountability: Performance Evaluations
      Employees should be evaluated on their safety performance
      Doing a job correctly includes doing it safely
      OSU job description revisions may include generic job descriptions with:
      “Must follow all general and safety policies and procedures as established by the department, college/division, and university.”
    • Establishing Accountability
      Charge back systems
      Safety goals
      Accident costs
      Equipment damage
      Lost time
      Accident rates
      First aid #s
      Workers comp #s
      Loss ratios (including automobile rates)
      Safety Activities
      Safety meetings, inspections, using PPE
    • Defining Responsibilities
      Employee responsibilities include:
      Recognizing safety hazards
      Reporting safety hazards
      Maintaining good housekeeping
      Working safely
      Using personal protective equipment (PPE)
      Making the most of safety training
    • Defining Responsibilities
      Employer responsibilities include:
      Providing access to information
      Haz Com - MSDSs, written program
      Bloodborne Pathogens – written program
      Lab Safety – chemical hygiene plan
    • Defining Responsibilities
      Employer responsibilities (cont.)
      Providing personal protective equipment
      From OSHA 1910.132: “Protective equipment, including personal protective equipment for eyes, face, head, and extremities, protective clothing, respiratory devices, and protective shields and barriers, shall be provided, used, and maintained in a sanitary and reliable condition wherever it is necessary by reason of hazards of processes or environment, chemical hazards, radiological hazards, or mechanical irritants encountered in a manner capable of causing injury or impairment in the function of any part of the body through absorption, inhalation or physical contact.”
    • Defining Responsibilities
      Employer responsibilities (cont.)
      Providing training
      Hazard Communications
      Annual & within first 30 days of employment, also when new hazards are introduced
      Quarterly safety training (required by state)
      Special programs
      Bloodborne pathogens
    • Defining Responsibilities
      Employer responsibilities (cont.)
      OSHA General Duty Clause: “Each employer
      Has the general duty to furnish each employee with employment and places of employment free from recognized hazards causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm.
      The specific duty of complying with safety and health standards promulgated under the act.”
    • So what does all this mean?
      It means that safety is everybody’s business.
      From the moral aspect to the legal aspect, we all benefit from a safe work environment.
    • For more information:
      Check out the EHS website:
      Call EHS at 4-7241
      Email me at: