Safety business
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Safety business

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  • 1. www.luxetvitan.com
  • 2. Safety Is Everybody's Business
    Environmental Health & Safety
  • 3. Course Objectives
    • Help you decide that safety IS everybody’s business, and why
    • 4. Provide you with an understanding of accident causes
    • 5. Explain safety responsibilities
    • 6. For both employees and employers
    • 7. Introduce you to specific safety topics
    • 8. Fire safety, lab safety, office safety
  • Why Worry about Safety?
    Why do you need to be concerned about safety?
    Loss
    WC
    Pain!
    EPA
    $$$$
    DOL
    Lost time
    Hurt
  • 9. Why Worry: Common Reasons
    Getting hurt isn’t fun!!!
    Not All Pain is GainNobody likes getting hurtHealthy employees are moreproductive employees
  • 10. Why Worry: Common Reasons
    Getting hurt isn’t fun!!!
    Cost of Accidents
  • 11. Cost of Accidents
    Direct Costs
    Medical Costs (including worker’s comp)
    Indemnity Payments
    Indirect Costs
    Time Lost (by worker and supervisor)
    Schedule delays
    Training new employees
    Cleanup time / equipment repairs
    Legal fees
  • 12. Cost of Accidents:
    The Iceberg Effect
    On average, the indirect costs of accidents exceed the direct costs by a 4:1 ratio
  • 13. Cost of Accidents
    What does that mean for OSU?
    FY 1997: 499 claims for $1,485,068
    FY 1999: 579 claims for $1,902,688
    FY 2000: 550 claims for $1,582,169
    (Direct costs in Worker’s Compensation)
    Multiply by four to estimate indirect costs to the University
  • 14. Why Worry: Common Reasons
    Getting hurt isn’t fun!!!
    Cost of Accidents
    Legal Issues and Liability
  • 15. Legal Issues and Liability
    As a result of safety violations:
    You can be named in a lawsuit
    Criminal charges may be filed against you
    You can be cited by an enforcement agency
    You can be fined by an enforcement agency
    Your lab/workplace can be shut down by an enforcement agency
  • 16. Legal Issues and Liability
    Because of personal liability, and you can be named as a defendant in a lawsuit
    Working for the University does not protect you.
  • 17. Legal Issues and Liability
    You can have criminal charges filed against you.
    Negligent supervisors and employers have been charged with manslaughter
  • 18. Legal Issues and Liability
    You can be cited by an enforcement agency
    State Department of Labor (DOL)
    DOL is currently inspecting departments on campus
    EPA
    They’ve already been here, and they’re coming back!
    Federal OSHA has authority to get involved
    GM plant in OKC
  • 19. Legal Issues and Liability
    You can be fined by an enforcement agency
    State DOL will issue citations first
    EPA will levy fines…
    Boston University was fined $750,000 in 1997
    Brown University was fined $500,000 in 2000
    University of Hawaii was fined $1.7 million in December
  • 20. Legal Issues and Liability
    Cease and desist orders: if the violations are serious enough, agencies such as DOL, OSHA, and the EPA can (and will) shut down the job site until the problems are corrected.
    EHS has issued cease and desist orders on OSU projects, as well.
  • 21. So how do you protect yourself?
    ????????
  • 22. Understanding Accident Causes
    Accidents are caused by:
    Unsafe conditions
    Unsafe acts
  • 23. Accident Causes
    Unsafe Conditions
    Easiest to correct (and very cost effective)
    Easiest to prevent
    Safety audits
    Safety inspections
    Maintenance schedules for equipment
    Encouraging employee reporting
    Good housekeeping
  • 24. Accident Causes
    Unsafe Acts
    Most difficult to address
    Changing behavior isn’t easy
    Best prevented by developing a “safety culture”
  • 25. Safety Cultures
    Establish accountability for safety
    Define safety responsibilities
  • 26. Establishing Accountability: Performance Evaluations
    Employees should be evaluated on their safety performance
    Doing a job correctly includes doing it safely
    OSU job description revisions may include generic job descriptions with:
    “Must follow all general and safety policies and procedures as established by the department, college/division, and university.”
  • 27. Establishing Accountability
    Charge back systems
    Safety goals
    Accident costs
    Equipment damage
    Lost time
    Accident rates
    First aid #s
    Workers comp #s
    Loss ratios (including automobile rates)
    Safety Activities
    Safety meetings, inspections, using PPE
  • 28. Defining Responsibilities
    Employee responsibilities include:
    Recognizing safety hazards
    Reporting safety hazards
    Maintaining good housekeeping
    Working safely
    Using personal protective equipment (PPE)
    Making the most of safety training
  • 29. Defining Responsibilities
    Employer responsibilities include:
    Providing access to information
    Haz Com - MSDSs, written program
    Bloodborne Pathogens – written program
    Lab Safety – chemical hygiene plan
  • 30. Defining Responsibilities
    Employer responsibilities (cont.)
    Providing personal protective equipment
    From OSHA 1910.132: “Protective equipment, including personal protective equipment for eyes, face, head, and extremities, protective clothing, respiratory devices, and protective shields and barriers, shall be provided, used, and maintained in a sanitary and reliable condition wherever it is necessary by reason of hazards of processes or environment, chemical hazards, radiological hazards, or mechanical irritants encountered in a manner capable of causing injury or impairment in the function of any part of the body through absorption, inhalation or physical contact.”
  • 31. Defining Responsibilities
    Employer responsibilities (cont.)
    Providing training
    Hazard Communications
    Annual & within first 30 days of employment, also when new hazards are introduced
    Quarterly safety training (required by state)
    Special programs
    Laboratory
    Bloodborne pathogens
    Respirators
    Forklifts
  • 32. Defining Responsibilities
    Employer responsibilities (cont.)
    OSHA General Duty Clause: “Each employer
    Has the general duty to furnish each employee with employment and places of employment free from recognized hazards causing or likely to cause death or serious physical harm.
    The specific duty of complying with safety and health standards promulgated under the act.”
  • 33. So what does all this mean?
    It means that safety is everybody’s business.
    From the moral aspect to the legal aspect, we all benefit from a safe work environment.
  • 34. For more information:
    Check out the EHS website:
    http://www.pp.okstate.edu/ehs/
    Call EHS at 4-7241
    Email me at:
    hogan@pp.okstate.edu
  • 35. www.luxetvitan.com