Brinjal

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Brinjal

  1. 1.  Botanical name : Solanum melongena  Family : Solanaceae
  2. 2.  The flower is white to purple, with a five- lobed corolla and yellow stamens.  Plant height is usually 40-150cm.  These have large coarsely lobed leaves.  Fruit color is glossy black.  The fruit is less than 3cm in diameter but 30 cm in cultivated form.
  3. 3.  It has medicinal properties.  White brinjal is said to be good for diabetic patients.  Eggplants contain certain essential phyto nutrients which improve blood circulation and nourish the brain.
  4. 4.  Brinjal requires long warm growing season for successful production.  It is killed by severe frost. Long spell of chilly frost free weather may also damage the crop  Temperature of 13˚ - 21˚C is most favourable for successful production.
  5. 5.  Fertile and well drained soils are desirable  On sandy or sandy loam soil its production is maximum.
  6. 6.  FYM at the rate of 20-25 tons per hectare should be added at the time of soil preparation. Nitrogen Phosphorus Potassium 1oo kg/ha 50kg/ha 50kg/ha
  7. 7.  Sowing is done in September or early October and seedlings are transplanted in November  In hilly areas seeds are sown in April and seedlings are transplanted in May.
  8. 8.  Main season for sowing brinjals are 1) Autumn-winter crop: Seed is sown in June and seedlings are transplanted in July. 2) Spring-winter crop: Seed is sown in early November and seedlings are transplanted during January and early February 3) Rainy season crop: Seed is sown in March and seedlings are transplanted in April.
  9. 9.  Transplanting is done in standing water.  1st irrigation should be given 4 days after planting.  In summer weekly irrigation is necessary  In winter fortnight irrigation is preferable.
  10. 10.  The fruit is harvested before it is fully ripe but it should be well colored.  Harvesting is done by cutting with knife or plucking by hand
  11. 11.  Neelum  White egg  Mirpurkhas selection  Multan selection  Sarhandi long
  12. 12.  The average yield varies from 22,000-25,000 kg/ha.
  13. 13.  Brinjal fruit borrer  Brinjal stem borrer  Leaf roller  Thrips  Whitefly  Aphid  Jassid  Beetle
  14. 14.  Little leaf brinjal  Bacterial wilt  Phomopsis fruit rot
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