The Craft Of Action Research
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The Craft Of Action Research

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An introduction to Action Research

An introduction to Action Research

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  • 1. The Craft of Action Research
  • 2. I don’t just want to research something- I want to make a difference ( O'Leary, Z. 2004)
  • 3. Agenda
    • Introduction
    • What do we need?
    • Action Research: Overview
    • The process of Action Research
    • Examples
  • 4. What do we need?
  • 5. What do we need?
    • Research efforts that go beyond explaining specific phenomena
    • Research that enacts change
    • Research results that can be immediately applied
    • Researchers as problem solvers
  • 6. Answer: Action Research
    • Action research is a reflective process of progressive problem solving led by individuals working with others in teams or as part of a " community of practice " to improve the way they address issues and solve problems. (Wikipedia)
  • 7. Goals of Action Research Action Research Problem Solving that is not designed, executed and assessed as an integral part of a research effort Research that does not include design, execution, and assessment of one or more problem-solving cycles Action research, i.e. research that includes and is mainly based on practical problem-solving
  • 8. Goals of Action Research
    • The improvement of practice through continual learning and progressive problem solving
    • A deep understanding of practice and the development of a well specified theory of action
    • An improvement in the community in which your practice is embedded through participatory research
  • 9. Goals of Action Research
    • Action Research is concerned with changing situations, not just interpreting them
  • 10. The Process of Action Research
  • 11. Planning for Action Research
    • What is my concern?
    • Why am I concerned?
    • What do I think I can do about the situation?
    • What will I do?
    • How will I show whether I am influencing the situation for good?
    • How will I produce evidence of my influence?
    • How will I ensure that any claims I make are reasonably fair and accurate?
    • What will I do then?
  • 12. Identify the Problem
    • An overview of the problem at a general level and why you (and others) see this as an important problem or challenge
    • A description of the problem, including the impact it has on development
    • Who is affected by the problem?
    • What are the goals for improvement?
    • Be as specific as possible
  • 13. Formulate Research Question(s)
    • Good questions often arise from visions of improved practice and emerging theories about the change that will move the researcher closer to the ideal state of working practices
    • When stated in an if/then format, they can take the shape of a research hypothesis.
    • Example: If [insert the action to be taken], how will it affect [describe one or more possible consequences of the action]?
  • 14. Plan Your Action
    • How action/reflection is to be carried out and evaluated?
    • How milestones are reached?
    • What are the intended outcomes?
    • What data need to be collected?
    • Within what timeframe this work is to be carried out?
  • 15. Implement and Collect Evidence
    • Observe implementation of action
    • Observer how action impact changes (or not)
    • Collect evidence to support observation
  • 16. Reflection
    • Analyse collected data:
      • What can be learned?
      • What patterns, insights and new understanding can be discovered?
    • Identify the impact of the project on the target group (community, village, etc)
  • 17. Plan Future Action
    • What can be done differently to achieve the intended outcomes?
    • How can the insights gained from this phase contribute to the design of further action to improve the problem situation
  • 18. Publish Your Findings
    • Identify your audiences
    • Explain the problem
    • Describe the research method
    • Include collected evidence
    • Discuss reflections and findings
    • Make recommendations for future action
  • 19. Examples TeleHealth in rural Algeria
  • 20. ICT4D@IDRC: Projects Research ICT Africa
  • 21. ICT4D@IDRC: Projects First Mile First Inch
  • 22. Examples Sustainable E-Government for the City of Fez, Morocco
  • 23. Role Play