Knowledge Production and Dissemination in the Digital Era

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  • 1. Knowledge Production and Dissemination in the Digital Era
  • 2. [Knowledge Production]
  • 3.  
  • 4. [Scarcity]
  • 5.  
  • 6.  
  • 7. [… and then came the Internet]
  • 8.  
  • 9.  
  • 10.  
  • 11. [Digital Abundance]
  • 12.  
  • 13.  
  • 14.  
  • 15.  
  • 16.  
  • 17.  
  • 18.  
  • 19.  
  • 20.  
  • 21. [Artificial Scarcity]
  • 22.  
  • 23. [… and more]
  • 24.  
  • 25.  
  • 26.  
  • 27.  
  • 28.  
  • 29. [Copyright Laws]
  • 30.
    • 1710: British Parliament adopted the first “copyright” act
      • The Statue of Anne
      • Copyright term: 14 years, renewable once if author is still alive
    • 1774: The Public Domain was born
    • 1790: Congress enacted first copyright law, based on the same principles of The Statue of Anne
    • 1831: Copyright term increased from 28 years to 42 years
      • 28 years term + 14 years renewal
  • 31.
    • 1909: Copyright term increased from 42 years to 56 years
      • 28 years term + 28 years renewal
    • 1976: All existing copyrights were extended by 19 years
    • 1998: The Sonny Bono (Mickey Mouse) act extended all existing and future copyrights by 20 years
    • Current copyright protection term: 95 years!
    28 42 56 75 95 ?
  • 32. [Fair use]
  • 33. Unregulated
  • 34.  
  • 35.  
  • 36.  
  • 37. [New perspectives]
  • 38.  
  • 39.  
  • 40. [The GNU GPL]
  • 41. Freedom 0 : The freedom to run the program, for any purpose. Freedom 1 : The freedom to study how the program works, and adapt it to your needs (Access to the source code is a precondition for this). Freedom 2 : The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbour. Freedom 3 : The freedom to improve the program, and release your improvements to the public, so that the whole community benefits.
  • 42. [The GNU FDL]
  • 43. The GNU Free Documentation License is a form of copyleft intended for use on a manual, textbook or other document to assure everyone the effective freedom to copy and redistribute it, with or without modifications, either commercially or non-commercially.
  • 44. [Creative Commons]
  • 45.  
  • 46.  
  • 47.  
  • 48. [Case Study]
  • 49.  
  • 50.  
  • 51.  
  • 52. Thank You.