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Project issue Health & Lifestyle

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  • An optimal tax depends on what is the aim. The main aim for most governments is to maximise revenue. Raising the tax rate is good at achieving this, which also induces smokers to quit, and corrects for externalities. There may at times be some conflict between the aims.

Transcript

  • 1. Why so serious ? Try and Die National Commission on Tobacco Control for National Induction Conference 2014 by AIESEC
  • 2. What do you want to know? • Write it down • Stick it • Tell us
  • 3. Sessions • Session 1: Global Picture (40 minutes) • Session 2: TAPS BAN (Presentation to High School students) (60 minutes) • Session 3: Group discussion for action locally (40 minutes) • Session 4: Plenary ( 20 minutes)
  • 4. 4 Learning objectives: to equip participant with knowledge and skills to understand tobacco control, 1. Global tobacco epidemic (WHO report) 2. Why governments and parliament intervene in the tobacco market (the danger of tobacco) 3. Factors considered in determining optimal tobacco control (MPOWER) 4. Why TAPS BAN is crucial 5. What are the strategies and tactics in advocating tobacco control
  • 5. Global Tobacco Epidemic • FCTCNumber of smokers in countries ratifying FCTC.docx • Indonesia is in no. 4 for total of cigarette production (365 billions cigs., 2013) , after China, Rusia and USA, and no. 3 only for total of smokers (after China and India). A GLOBAL CRISIS
  • 6. WHY?
  • 7. TOBACCO IS ADDICTIVE!
  • 8. Does cigarette need to be controlled? • YES/NO? • WHY?
  • 9. The DEATHS WHO Report, 2008 • Tobacco kills 5.4 million people a year from lung cancer, heart disease, stroke and other illnesses of NCDs • Tobacco use is a risk factor for six of the eight leading causes of death in the world: Heart disease, Cerebrovascular disease, Lower respiratory infections, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, HIV/AIDS, diarrhoeal diseases, tuberculosis, trachea/bronchus/lung cancers • In indonesia tobacco kills 1172 people everyday (Soewarta Kosen 2007) • Tobacco will kill over 175 million people worldwide between now and the year 2030 Tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of death in the world (WHO Health Report 2003)
  • 10. Passive Smokers • Risk of coronary heart disease: 30% higher than people who are free of smoke. (for active smokers are 80% (May 2005, Circulation)
  • 11. How to address the problem/ to control? • FCTC (Framework Convention on Tobacco Control • MPOWER
  • 12. MPOWER 1. Monitor tobacco use and prevention policies (critical data to undersanding and reversing the epidemic) 2. Protect people from tobacco smoke 3. Offer help to quit tobacco use 4. Warn about the dangers of tobacco 5. TAPS ban 6. Raise taxes on tobacco
  • 13. Public Places with Smoke-Free Legislation BRAZIL PAKISTAN THAILAND INDONESIA Health care facilities Yes Yes Yes Yes Educational facilities expect universities yes yes yes yes Universities Yes Yes Yes Yes Government facilities yes yes yes no Indoor offices yes yes yes no Restaurants yes yes yes no Café, pubs, bars yes yes yes no Public transport yes yes yes yes Source: WHO TC Country Profile
  • 14. Bans on Tobacco Ad, Promotion, Sponsorship BRAZIL PAKISTAN THAILAND INDONESIA Natl TV and Radio Yes No Yes Partial Internl TV and Radio Yes No No Yes Local Magazines and Newspapers YEs No YEs No International Magazines and Newspapers Yes No No No Billboards and outdoor Ads Yes No Yes No Point of Sale Yes No Yes No Internet Yes No Yes No
  • 15. WHY TAPS BAN? Open discussion
  • 16. WHY TAPS BAN? TAPS promotes tobacco use by: • Creating an impression that tobacco is acceptable and normal • Encouraging smokers to increase consumption • Lowering smokers’ motivation to quit smoking • Encouraging children to experiment with smoking • Reducing opportunities for open discussions on the dangers of tobacco use due to income received from tobacco advertising