Rome History from MindMap to Powerpoint


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  • In 509 BC, the last Roman monarch Tarquin was overthrown. The rise of the Roman Republic followed during a period of major military expansion.
  • Rome History from MindMap to Powerpoint

    1. 1. TheRomanRepublic 1
    2. 2. 1.ExpansionThe Roman Republic 2.Struggle of the Orders 3.conquest of Italy 4.coliseum 5.caesar 6.Institutions 3
    3. 3. 1.Constant warfare 1.Defensive wars 2.Expansion by accident2.Conquest of Italy 1.5-4 c. BC Etruscans defeated 2.387 BC Gauls sack Rome 1.Rome recovers 2.Romans desire buffer zone 4
    4. 4. 3.338 BC Latin League uprising put down 1.Latin League becomes Romes first buffer 4.265 BC Conquest of Italy complete3.Punic Wars 1.Fought against Carthage 1.Allied to Philip V of Macedon 2.First 264-261 BC 1.Rome gains Sicily 5
    5. 5. 2.Signs peace treaty with Carthage 3.Rome then invades Corsica 1. Again desire for a buffer 2. Fear of Carthaginian power 4.Carthaginians build up strength 1. Spanish Colonies3.Second 218-202 BC 1.Rome offers protection to Saguntum 1. Spanish city 2. In Carthaginian territory 6
    6. 6. 2.Hannibal in charge of Spain 1. Conquers Saguntum 2. Romans demand 1. Hannibal is dismissed 2. Hannibal sent to Rome 3. War is declared3.Hannibal invades Italy 1. Long march through Alps 1. Small army 2. Could not besiege cities 3. Relied on Spain for supplies 7
    7. 7. 2. Hannibal destroys Roman armies 3. Quintus Fabius Maximus made Dictator Absolute 4. Battle of Cannae 1. Romans defeated 2. Largest Roman army ever in field 5. Publius Cornelius Scipio given imperium of Spain 1. Tactically brilliant 2. Conquers Spain 3. Isolates Hannibal 4. Invades Africa4.Hannibal returns to Africa 8
    8. 8. 1. 202 BC Battle of Zama 2. Hannibal defeated by Scipio 3. Rome controls western Mediterranean4.Third 149-146 BC 1.Carthage revives through trade 2.Romans fear a new Carthage 3.Rome demands Carthage to be abandoned 4.Carthaginians refuse 5.Romans sack Carthage 1. Kill or enslave all citizens 9
    9. 9. 2. Destroy city and harbour 3. Sow the surrounding soil with salt4.Hellenistic Wars 1.First Hellenistic War 1.Philip V of Macedon allies himself with Carthage 2.Rome forced to send an army east 3.Rome Demands Philip Stop Empire Building 4.Phillip refuses 5.Starts Second Hellenistic War 10
    10. 10. 2.Second Hellenistic War 1.200 BC Rome sends army under Flaminus to Thessaly 2.Philip defeated 3.196 BC Rome declares all Greek cities free 4.Antiochus invades Greece 1. Eastern Greek empire 5.Antiochus defeated at Magnesia in Asia Minor in 189 BC3.Third Hellenistic War 1.Phillip V succeeded by Perseus 11
    11. 11. 2.Perseus stirs rebellion3.Rome invades Greece again4.Defeats Perseus5.Enforces strict controls6.Massive looting7.Roman treasury filled8.Roman influence extends to the east 12
    12. 12. 1. Plebians vs Patricians 1. Patricians wanted to keep power 2. Plebians wanted equality2. 494 BC Plebians occupy Sacred Mount 1. Plebians declare an alternate government3. 450 BC Law of the Twelve Tables 1. Formalized and codified law 2. Victory for the rights of citizens 13
    13. 13. 4.445 BC Plebians may marry Patricians5.367 BC Plebians may be made Consul6.300 BC Plebians may serve in all ranks of priesthood7.287 BC Assembly legislation becomes binding on entire citizenry 14
    14. 14. 1.Senate 1.Made up of Patricians 2.Held real power2.Assembly 1.Made up from Plebians3.Consul 1.Two 2.Elected for 1 Year 15
    15. 15. 3.Powers 1.Head of Judiciary 2.High Priest 3.Head of military 4.Initiated legislation4.325 BC Proconsul introduced 1.As Consuls 2.Extended period of office due to war 16
    16. 16. 5.Quaestors 1.Two 2.Financial officials6.Praetor 1.Initially judicial position 2.Became a military post 3.1 year appointment 1.Extended during war 17
    17. 17. 7.Censors 1.Two 2.Set taxation 3.Gathered the census 4.Could dismiss Senators 5.Became very powerful 6.Powers open to corruption 18