Nation State And National InterestPresentation Transcript
NATION STATE and NATIONAL INTEREST BY: A.Ali
INTRODUCTION State is the main actor of international relation. Nation state system emerged from Europe Nation state is a pattern of political life in which people are separately organized in to sovereign state, that interact with one another in various ways and degree” by plamer and parkins”. There are various sovereign states, they are interacted between, different states with different opinion and it is believed that there is more than one nation state to get involvement in different activities. They are not in same size, wealth, power, etc. they have a pattern of lifestyle in human community. They are unique from another state. 1648 was the starting point of the modern nation state, which is the renascence era of feudalism. It was born out from imperial and feudalism. Due to”papal rule”. Piece treaty of Westphalia an important role in building up nation state system . it is also known that 1815 congress of Vienna and 1918 treaty of Versailles played a role in improving the nation state system. It makes an end for the catholic pontiffs and Roman Empire.
Nature of nation state system State as monopoly State as functional unit State as free agent State as controller of its international role State as determinant of world politics State as divergent entities Participation Scope Power Domestic structure Nation state system in 20th century Global nature Role of new nation Non western influence came in to influence Techniques of warfare Ideology Change in balance of power Technology Non state actors
Features of functioning of state system
Limitation of state system Traditional state Absolute sovereignty All state has to act as distressed and responsible manner International relation morality International law Balance of power International organization Weapons of mass destruction
NATIONAL INTREST AND NATURE According to frencke national interest can divide in to subjective and objective. There should be values and ends on national interest. The general long term and continuing purpose which the state, the nation , the government all see themselves a serving . by “lerch” It is those which, states seek to protect and achieved in relation to each other. By;”diyke”
The survivals of national interest Physical survival The struggle of power and power politics Political survival Maintaining the political ideology and government structure Cultural survival Preserving ethnic, religion and other cultural value
Progress of national interest General orientation to word the external environment (policy) Serves as the controlling oratorical of choice in immediate situation. Act an element of consistency in nation foreign policy
DETERMINAL OF NATIONAL INTEREST
Ideal of decision makers, in principles, quality and personality. Interest of the influential group Types of philosophic and governmental structure and processes. Customs and cultural style of different society. Ideology of the state Geographical location Types of changes and pressures from neighboring countries.
Types of national interest Primary Any cost to protect Secondary Crucial existence of the state Permanent Constant and long term interest General Maintaining balance of power Specific Terms of space and time
How to promote national interest? Good diplomacy Physiological and political warfare Economic policy Alliance Imperialism and colonialism Coursing method and war