Ideology is a form of social or political philosophies in which practical element are as prominent as theoretical ones. It is a system of ideas that espiers both to explain the world to change it. Historical theories of different doctrines are mostly called as ideology. Some of those doctrines are “A L C Desttut DE TRACY”, “john locks”, “Thomas hobs”, “Rousseau” “Karl Marx”, “max Weber”, “Nicola”, etc. Some of the ideas of those doctrines are “social contract theory”, “Marxism”, “liberalism”,” feminism”, “socialism”, “conservatism”, “fascism”, ”Nazism”, ”democracy”, etc,. The subject of the ideology is controversial; also it is an arguable, some part of contrivance derives from disagreement.
The word ideology first made its appearance in France as “Ideologue”. It is the period of 17centuries with in the French revaluation. The leading doctrine of “ideologue” that sought to enlightenment ‘liberalism’ to ‘post revaluation’, “A L C DESTTUT DE TRACY”, founder of ‘French liberal school’ told that ideology is a “Science Of Ideas”, which he claimed to have adopted from the epistemology of the philosophers like “john lock” and “Etienne Bonnot De Codillac”. They believe that for all human knowledge is knowledge for all human knowledge of ideas. In this fact “Desttut DE TRACY” had owed rather more to the English philosopher “Francis bacon”. It was bacon who had proclaimed the destiny of science is only enlarged mans knowledge but also to improve the life of man on earth. “Desttut DE TRACY” and his follower ideologues devised a system of national education that they believed to transform France into a rational and scientific society. It was “Tracy” in other name “Desttut DE TRACY”, who originally coined the term “ideology”. Some historical philosophers assumed that the glorious age of ideology arises in 19 century. It is not because of the ‘word’ itself, nevertheless in centuries there had being so much of thought distinguished through prevailing previous centuries.
CHARACTORS OF IDEIOLOGICAL CONCEPT “A L C DESTTUT DE TRACY”
It contains explanatory theory of a more or less comprehensive kind about human experience and the external world. It set out a program, in generalized and abstract terms, of social and political organization. It conceives the realization of this program as entailing a struggle. It seeks not merely to persuade but to recruit loyal adherents, demanding what is sometime called “commitment”. It addresses a wide public but may tend to confer some political role of intellectual.
IT CONTAINS EXPLANATORY THEORY OF MORE OR LESS COMPRHENSIVE KIND ABOUT HUMAN EXPERIENCE AND EXTERNAL WORLD.
WHAT IS EXPLANATORY THEORY? An explanatory theory is a consistent with the findings of the other science of mind. It is the physiological attribute that indicate how people explain to themselves why they experience a particular event, either positive or negative. THREE PHYCOLOGYCAL COMPONANT IN EXPLANATORY STYLE ARE.
PERSONAL People experiencing events may see them self as the course, that is, they have internalized the course of event. PERMANAT People may see the situation as unchangeable. PERVASIVE People may see the situation as affecting all aspect of life.
WHAT IS HUMAN EXPERIENCE? Human experience is based on knowledge of ideas, with analyzing the past and present existence.
PRACTICING BELIEF Knowledge comes from practicing belief of humans, which is political and social belief. TRADITION Knowledge comes from tradition, which includes the culture, religion, social life... etc. NATURAL LAW Analyzing the natural law or metaphysics is a part of knowledge. Example how does the world formed “big bang theory”. HISTORY History enlightens a track of human knowledge
WHAT IS EXTERNAL WORLD? External world includes territorial boundaries in which society accommodates in deferent ideological concept. This is based on.
Territory or boundary
Different political and sociological ideas
According to the first character of ideological concept, explanatory theory depends on human experience also human experience is dependable to external world. These three aspects are interrelated. Thus human experience and explanatory theory is based on ideas and knowledge, which existed and exiting in external world. The comprehensiveness of this ideological concept will be depending on the positive argument and negative argument of explanatory theory on human experience. More or less comprehensiveness, to human experience and to external world through explanatory theory, depends upon the argument. More the society or individual believes in any explanatory theory would be more comprehensiveness to human experience and to the external world. This means positive or negative comprehensiveness depends upon the believing ideas or knowledge of the individual or group.
IT SET OUT A PROGRAM, IN GENERALIZED AND ABSTRACT TERMS, OF SOCIAL AND POLITICAL ORGANIZATION.
Different ideas or ideology in explanatory theory through human experience set out programs through external world. Those programs are generalized in abstract terms for social and political organization.
SOCIAL ORGANIZATION Social organization set out the programs by explanatory theory through human experience to external world. Those programs would be abstract and generalized to the aspects of social sectors, which is enlighten to cultural, religious, and traditional, also to social life. Those enlighten set out the programs to social organization. POLITICAL ORGANIZATION Political organization also set out the programs by explanatory theory through human experience to external world. Those programs would be abstract and generalized to the political activities of any society, nation or state. Political activities are known as political policy, political system or political ideas of any society, nation or state. There for the ideology or ideas will be programmed to the political activities carried out by group or individual of any society.
IT CONCEIVES THE REALIZATION OF THIS PROGRAM AS ENTAILING A STRUGGLE
Our history and present world enlighten that ideology conceives the realization to those programs as struggle. The acceptances on any programs are depending upon the situation that agreed or disagreed by the society or individual or state. History witnesses these situations. WHAT IS ENTAILING A STRUGGLE? It is an ideological program which arranged by a group or individual to get it to practice in to the real life of any society or sate.
All these above entailed as a struggle from a society through a program organized by a group or lead by an individual to adopt their ideological belief to the real life practice in a society or state.
IT SEEKS NOT MERELY TO PERSUADE BUT TO RECRUIT LOYAL ADHERENTS, DEMANDING WHAT IS SOMETIME CALLED “COMMITMENT”
Most of the Ideological programs, did not forced people to join their ideas through violence. They expand the ideas through loyal believers. And they will demand to free those ideas to practice in their society. Which would be known as, “ideology does not persuade but recruit loyal adherents for demanding the commitment”. But autocratic ideological concept leads to force the society to except their “ism”, those programs leads to violence. Example;, Nazism and fascism. People does not belief ideas should autocratic, if those ideas are autocratic their wont be any improvement. Society accepts the ideological programs to the benefit of the people. If there is no improvement to ideological programs, society would lacks to get benefit from those programs. If Programs are rigid and autocratic there would be always disagreement, but explanatory theory of human experience depend upon the agreement and disagreement of the ideologue, which is called knowledge that composed to external world. Some of the these programs are known as;
Social contract theory
IT ADDRESSES A WIDE PUBLIC BUT MAY TEND TO CONFER SOME POLITICAL ROLE OF INTELLECTUAL
Ideological programs addressed by public would be bestow in to a ruler or political leader or political group thus they will come to a discussion to practice it in to the society. Ideology will be easy to practice in a society by politicizing it. Once the ideology is accepted by any political role they will carry out that ideology in to practice. Ideas which carried out by political roles are always depend upon ideological programs which gives explanatory theory of human experience through external world. The state would always follow and protect that ideology by contracting it to the rule. Different sate will follow different ideologue according to the believers of the society or rule. As a result different states followed or practice different ideologues. Example:
some states are followers of democracy
some sates followed communism
Some state follow divine crown.
These “ideologies” are adapted to any state by majorly acceptances.
CONCLUTION In conclusion ideology defines, as ideas with knowledge. And it exists from explanatory theory with human experience. Ideology change economic and social sector of the world. We can say it is a series of thought. Each ideology makes changes in existing system. There is no common definition of ideology. It also can be define as science of ideas or coherent ideas and argument. It can be logic, systematize or coherent. At last ideology is a set of belief aims and ideas which apply to the society.