Religion and its relation with science, society and human behavior. by Anas Belmadani
AND ITS RELATION
WITH SCIENCE, SOCIETY AND
Presented by Anas Belmadani & Diae Ezziate
SUPERVISED BY: PROFESSOR NORDINE JALAL
Since the Homo sapiens have been around, they were trying
to be unique, interesting, insightful, actually they were
trying to find something to believe in, something unbeatable
and powerful enough to gather all of them together, they
were looking for this bright aura that can quench their
spiritual desires, then they finally found it, and named it
So, what’s the real definition of religion? And what it has to
do with science; society or human behavior?
Well, as many of you know, considering that the
most of you are following a religion or at least
used to, religion is defined as an organized
collection of beliefs, cultural systems, and world
views that relate humanity to an order of
existence. Many religions have narratives,
symbols, and sacred histories that are intended
to explain the meaning of life and the origin of
life or the Universe. According to some estimates,
there are roughly 4,200 religions in the world.
The CIA's World Factbook gives the world
population as 7,021,836,029 (July 2012 est.)
The relationship between religion and science has been a
subject of study since the classical age (1775-1825),
addressed by philosophers, scientists, and others.
Science and religion generally pursue the knowledge of
the universe using different methodologies. Science uses
reason, empiricism, and evidence, while religions include
revelation, faith and sacredness. As you noticed, there’s
no common points between religion and science but
despite these differences, most scientific and technical
innovations prior to the scientific revolution were
achieved by societies organized by religious traditions.
Much of the scientific method was pioneered first by
Islamic scholars, and later by Christians.
As many of you know religion is an important part of life for
many people. Even the ones who are not all that religious by
nature consider it to be important. The question is: why do
they feel this way? The reason is largely down to the belief
that society needs religion. As a society we benefit from our
collective religious beliefs. In fact there are many people
who would argue that we could not function without
The other big reason that society needs religion is that it
teaches self-containment. Virtually all religions that teach
that you are responsible for taking care of yourself. While
they all support the idea of charity none of them teach that
accepting charity should be desirable. This has helped to
encourage the work ethic that is needed to make society
successful. Therefore it is important that people continue to
desire to do the work that is necessary.
The impact of religion on human behavior touches every aspect of our
lives. Every person on earth has their own view of what religion means
to them. Some people’s religion is to have none at all.
Religion can limit freedom. Religion controls actions with a set of rules
and guidelines, restricting the capability of faithful followers. An
example is in Islam it is commanded to not eat pork or consume
alcohol, preventing Muslims from eating it. This may be perceived
positively or negatively, but either way, it certainly does have the power
to make some people to set course in a certain path.
Religion impacts human behavior in every aspect of our lives by having
to live by those codes, morals and rules. It is implanted in our brain that
religion is how we think, how we act, how we choose. People usually
tend to seek guidance from God if troubles exceed their capability. This
would be during exam time, when suddenly a lot of my friends start
praying to God, because only He can control the outcome of their
marks. Meaning only He has control, they've just got prayers and
efforts. This is how religious belief and practice emanates; religion
influences humans by attempting to influence their lives to believe they
hold no significant individual power.
_Barbour, Ian. Religion and Science: Historical and Contemporary Issues. San
Francisco: Harper, 1997.
_The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Science - Philip Clayton (ed.), Zachary
_The review of “Religion and Human Behavior” by Schoenfeld, W. N. (n.d.).