Learning to Take, Learning to Give: Linking as Repurposing Metadata

4,483 views
4,397 views

Published on

Talk given at the New England Archivists conference in Amherst, Massachussetts.

Published in: Technology
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
4,483
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
17
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Learning to Take, Learning to Give: Linking as Repurposing Metadata

  1. 1. Learning to Take, Learning to Give Linking as Repurposing Metadata Mark A. Matienzo Manuscripts and Archives, Yale University Library New England Archivists March 20, 2010
  2. 2. Disclaimer The following presentation expresses opinions of my own and not of my employer, my coworkers, etc.
  3. 3. The nature of repurposing
  4. 4. Repurposing has been focused inward
  5. 5. How can we focus repurposing outward?
  6. 6. Rethinking paradigms of repurposing
  7. 7. Archives & The Web
  8. 8. http://listserv.muohio.edu/scripts/wa.exe?S1=archives
  9. 9. http://web.archive.org/web/19961119070640/http://arcweb.sos.state.or.us/
  10. 10. Web-based archival description isn’t new.
  11. 11. http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/FindingAids/EAD/bfap.html
  12. 12. http://web.archive.org/web/19990203012659/lcweb.loc.gov/ead/
  13. 13. The Web, at its essence, is about links.
  14. 14. http://hdl.handle.net/10079/fa/beinecke.kramer
  15. 15. http://hdl.handle.net/10079/fa/beinecke.kramer
  16. 16. http://www.library.yale.edu/beinecke/
  17. 17. http://orbis.library.yale.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=8162389
  18. 18. http://orbis.library.yale.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=8162389
  19. 19. http://authorities.loc.gov/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi? AuthRecID=3149218&v1=1&HC=1&SEQ=20100215230533&PID=WDylbKSrUCFkfajYc1AuU2p6DcKh
  20. 20. Further down the rabbit hole.
  21. 21. http://nypl.org/search/nypl_archivalcollection/%22act%20up%22
  22. 22. http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=su%3AACT+UP+%28Organization%29&dblist=638&fq=dt%3Amix&qt=facet_dt%3A
  23. 23. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AIDS_Coalition_to_Unleash_Power
  24. 24. http://www.actuporalhistory.org/index1.html
  25. 25. Links become implicit.
  26. 26. These access points don’t link to anything!
  27. 27. http://www.archimuse.com/publishing/AMInewsletters/AMInewsletter1994_8-1.pdf
  28. 28. Linked data
  29. 29. (blame this guy) http://www.flickr.com/photos/tanaka/3212373419/
  30. 30. Linked data is a way to link better. Dan Chudnov, Better Living Through Linking. http://onebiglibrary.net/story/tcdl-2009-talk-better-living-through-linking
  31. 31. Linked data is a way to repurpose metadata!
  32. 32. Design Principles 1. Use URIs for names of things 2. Use web URIs so people can look up those names 3. Provide useful information when you retrieve those URIs 4. Include links to other URIs so people can discover more things Tim Berners-Lee, Linked Data - Design Issues. http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/LinkedData.html
  33. 33. Naming things with URIs tells us what to call them unambiguously.
  34. 34. Using web URIs tells us how and where to find these things.
  35. 35. Providing useful information describes what that thing is.
  36. 36. Added links say what the relationships are.
  37. 37. Links between things act as cross-references.
  38. 38. http://www4.wiwiss.fu-berlin.de/bizer/pub/lod-datasets_2009-07-14_colored.png
  39. 39. Linked data is not a new concept in archives.
  40. 40. If the series becomes the primary level of classification, and the item the secondary level, a) items are kept in their administrative context and original order by physical allocation to their appropriate series, and b) series are no longer kept in any original physical order in a record or shelf group (if there is any such order) but simply have their administrative context and associations recorded on paper. Peter J. Scott, “The Record Group Concept: A Case For Abandonment,” American Archivist 29(4), 1966.
  41. 41. Peter J. Scott, “The Record Group Concept: A Case For Abandonment,” American Archivist 29(4), 1966.
  42. 42. Peter J. Scott, “The Record Group Concept: A Case For Abandonment,” American Archivist 29(4), 1966.
  43. 43. Archival description is inherently multi-level and relational.
  44. 44. Functions ar e do cu rm me fo nt r pe ed in create/manage Agents Records are used by
  45. 45. Chris Hurley, “Relationships in Records,” originally published in New Zealand Archivist, 2001-2004.
  46. 46. Linking out is repurposing metadata
  47. 47. Types of sources Other General Obscure/Esoteric National Dictionary Sources Union Catalog Books Historical Foreign in Print Versions Language of All of This Dictionary Merck Card Catalog Manual AMA Directory Foreign Language Medical Dictionary General Encyclopedia Harrison's Hospital Directory Medical Medical Encyclopedia PDR White Dictionary Pages Serials Directory Campus Yellow Directory Ulrich's Pages Dan Chudnov, Better Living Through Linking. http://onebiglibrary.net/story/tcdl-2009-talk-better-living-through-linking
  48. 48. Library Catalogs http://libris.kb.se/bib/6501121 http://lccn.loc.gov/95189623
  49. 49. Vocabularies http://id.loc.gov/authorities/sh85002541 http://mdrive.lib.byu.edu/tematres/ http://lccn.loc.gov/95189623
  50. 50. Reference Sources http://dbpedia.org/resource/Yale_University http://www.freebase.com/view/en/aids_coalition_to_unleash_power
  51. 51. Potential (re)uses
  52. 52. Practical strategies for sharing
  53. 53. Letting people link in allows repurposing
  54. 54. Use “cool URIs”
  55. 55. Provide alternate formats (EAD, RDFa)
  56. 56. Future directions
  57. 57. EAD revision
  58. 58. EAC implementation
  59. 59. Rethinking archival description
  60. 60. Thank You mark@matienzo.org http://matienzo.org/ http://twitter.com/anarchivist http://groups.google.com/group/semantic-archives

×