Learning to Take,
    Learning to Give
     Linking as Repurposing Metadata

              Mark A. Matienzo
Manuscripts an...
Disclaimer


The following presentation expresses
 opinions of my own and not of my
   employer, my coworkers, etc.
The nature of
 repurposing
Repurposing has
been focused inward
How can we focus
repurposing outward?
Rethinking paradigms
   of repurposing
Archives & The Web
http://listserv.muohio.edu/scripts/wa.exe?S1=archives
http://web.archive.org/web/19961119070640/http://arcweb.sos.state.or.us/
Web-based archival
description isn’t new.
http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/FindingAids/EAD/bfap.html
http://web.archive.org/web/19990203012659/lcweb.loc.gov/ead/
The Web, at its essence,
    is about links.
http://hdl.handle.net/10079/fa/beinecke.kramer
http://hdl.handle.net/10079/fa/beinecke.kramer
http://www.library.yale.edu/beinecke/
http://orbis.library.yale.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=8162389
http://orbis.library.yale.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=8162389
http://authorities.loc.gov/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?
AuthRecID=3149218&v1=1&HC=1&SEQ=20100215230533&PID=WDylbKSrUCFkfajYc1AuU...
Further down the
  rabbit hole.
http://nypl.org/search/nypl_archivalcollection/%22act%20up%22
http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=su%3AACT+UP+%28Organization%29&dblist=638&fq=dt%3Amix&qt=facet_dt%3A
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AIDS_Coalition_to_Unleash_Power
http://www.actuporalhistory.org/index1.html
Links become implicit.
These access points don’t link to anything!
http://www.archimuse.com/publishing/AMInewsletters/AMInewsletter1994_8-1.pdf
Linked data
(blame this guy)
  http://www.flickr.com/photos/tanaka/3212373419/
Linked data is a way
    to link better.

               Dan Chudnov, Better Living Through Linking.
  http://onebiglibrar...
Linked data is a way to
 repurpose metadata!
Design Principles
1. Use URIs for names of things
2. Use web URIs so people can look up
   those names
3. Provide useful i...
Naming things with
URIs tells us what to call
 them unambiguously.
Using web URIs tells us
how and where to find
     these things.
Providing useful
information describes
  what that thing is.
Added links say what
the relationships are.
Links between things
act as cross-references.
http://www4.wiwiss.fu-berlin.de/bizer/pub/lod-datasets_2009-07-14_colored.png
Linked data is not a new
   concept in archives.
If the series becomes the primary level of
classification, and the item the secondary
level, a) items are kept in their
adm...
Peter J. Scott, “The Record Group Concept: A Case For Abandonment,” American Archivist 29(4), 1966.
Peter J. Scott, “The Record Group Concept: A Case For Abandonment,” American Archivist 29(4), 1966.
Archival description is
 inherently multi-level
    and relational.
Functions




                              ar
                                e
                               do
       ...
Chris Hurley, “Relationships in Records,” originally published in New Zealand Archivist, 2001-2004.
Linking out is
repurposing metadata
Types of sources
                              Other
       General            Obscure/Esoteric                 National
 ...
Library Catalogs




http://libris.kb.se/bib/6501121




                                  http://lccn.loc.gov/95189623
Vocabularies
http://id.loc.gov/authorities/sh85002541



                                           http://mdrive.lib.byu....
Reference Sources




http://dbpedia.org/resource/Yale_University




                                              http:/...
Potential (re)uses
Practical strategies
    for sharing
Letting people link in
 allows repurposing
Use “cool URIs”
Provide alternate
formats (EAD, RDFa)
Future directions
EAD revision
EAC implementation
Rethinking archival
    description
Thank You
                mark@matienzo.org
                http://matienzo.org/
           http://twitter.com/anarchivist...
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Learning to Take, Learning to Give: Linking as Repurposing Metadata

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Talk given at the New England Archivists conference in Amherst, Massachussetts.

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Transcript of "Learning to Take, Learning to Give: Linking as Repurposing Metadata"

  1. 1. Learning to Take, Learning to Give Linking as Repurposing Metadata Mark A. Matienzo Manuscripts and Archives, Yale University Library New England Archivists March 20, 2010
  2. 2. Disclaimer The following presentation expresses opinions of my own and not of my employer, my coworkers, etc.
  3. 3. The nature of repurposing
  4. 4. Repurposing has been focused inward
  5. 5. How can we focus repurposing outward?
  6. 6. Rethinking paradigms of repurposing
  7. 7. Archives & The Web
  8. 8. http://listserv.muohio.edu/scripts/wa.exe?S1=archives
  9. 9. http://web.archive.org/web/19961119070640/http://arcweb.sos.state.or.us/
  10. 10. Web-based archival description isn’t new.
  11. 11. http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/FindingAids/EAD/bfap.html
  12. 12. http://web.archive.org/web/19990203012659/lcweb.loc.gov/ead/
  13. 13. The Web, at its essence, is about links.
  14. 14. http://hdl.handle.net/10079/fa/beinecke.kramer
  15. 15. http://hdl.handle.net/10079/fa/beinecke.kramer
  16. 16. http://www.library.yale.edu/beinecke/
  17. 17. http://orbis.library.yale.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=8162389
  18. 18. http://orbis.library.yale.edu/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?BBID=8162389
  19. 19. http://authorities.loc.gov/cgi-bin/Pwebrecon.cgi? AuthRecID=3149218&v1=1&HC=1&SEQ=20100215230533&PID=WDylbKSrUCFkfajYc1AuU2p6DcKh
  20. 20. Further down the rabbit hole.
  21. 21. http://nypl.org/search/nypl_archivalcollection/%22act%20up%22
  22. 22. http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=su%3AACT+UP+%28Organization%29&dblist=638&fq=dt%3Amix&qt=facet_dt%3A
  23. 23. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AIDS_Coalition_to_Unleash_Power
  24. 24. http://www.actuporalhistory.org/index1.html
  25. 25. Links become implicit.
  26. 26. These access points don’t link to anything!
  27. 27. http://www.archimuse.com/publishing/AMInewsletters/AMInewsletter1994_8-1.pdf
  28. 28. Linked data
  29. 29. (blame this guy) http://www.flickr.com/photos/tanaka/3212373419/
  30. 30. Linked data is a way to link better. Dan Chudnov, Better Living Through Linking. http://onebiglibrary.net/story/tcdl-2009-talk-better-living-through-linking
  31. 31. Linked data is a way to repurpose metadata!
  32. 32. Design Principles 1. Use URIs for names of things 2. Use web URIs so people can look up those names 3. Provide useful information when you retrieve those URIs 4. Include links to other URIs so people can discover more things Tim Berners-Lee, Linked Data - Design Issues. http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/LinkedData.html
  33. 33. Naming things with URIs tells us what to call them unambiguously.
  34. 34. Using web URIs tells us how and where to find these things.
  35. 35. Providing useful information describes what that thing is.
  36. 36. Added links say what the relationships are.
  37. 37. Links between things act as cross-references.
  38. 38. http://www4.wiwiss.fu-berlin.de/bizer/pub/lod-datasets_2009-07-14_colored.png
  39. 39. Linked data is not a new concept in archives.
  40. 40. If the series becomes the primary level of classification, and the item the secondary level, a) items are kept in their administrative context and original order by physical allocation to their appropriate series, and b) series are no longer kept in any original physical order in a record or shelf group (if there is any such order) but simply have their administrative context and associations recorded on paper. Peter J. Scott, “The Record Group Concept: A Case For Abandonment,” American Archivist 29(4), 1966.
  41. 41. Peter J. Scott, “The Record Group Concept: A Case For Abandonment,” American Archivist 29(4), 1966.
  42. 42. Peter J. Scott, “The Record Group Concept: A Case For Abandonment,” American Archivist 29(4), 1966.
  43. 43. Archival description is inherently multi-level and relational.
  44. 44. Functions ar e do cu rm me fo nt r pe ed in create/manage Agents Records are used by
  45. 45. Chris Hurley, “Relationships in Records,” originally published in New Zealand Archivist, 2001-2004.
  46. 46. Linking out is repurposing metadata
  47. 47. Types of sources Other General Obscure/Esoteric National Dictionary Sources Union Catalog Books Historical Foreign in Print Versions Language of All of This Dictionary Merck Card Catalog Manual AMA Directory Foreign Language Medical Dictionary General Encyclopedia Harrison's Hospital Directory Medical Medical Encyclopedia PDR White Dictionary Pages Serials Directory Campus Yellow Directory Ulrich's Pages Dan Chudnov, Better Living Through Linking. http://onebiglibrary.net/story/tcdl-2009-talk-better-living-through-linking
  48. 48. Library Catalogs http://libris.kb.se/bib/6501121 http://lccn.loc.gov/95189623
  49. 49. Vocabularies http://id.loc.gov/authorities/sh85002541 http://mdrive.lib.byu.edu/tematres/ http://lccn.loc.gov/95189623
  50. 50. Reference Sources http://dbpedia.org/resource/Yale_University http://www.freebase.com/view/en/aids_coalition_to_unleash_power
  51. 51. Potential (re)uses
  52. 52. Practical strategies for sharing
  53. 53. Letting people link in allows repurposing
  54. 54. Use “cool URIs”
  55. 55. Provide alternate formats (EAD, RDFa)
  56. 56. Future directions
  57. 57. EAD revision
  58. 58. EAC implementation
  59. 59. Rethinking archival description
  60. 60. Thank You mark@matienzo.org http://matienzo.org/ http://twitter.com/anarchivist http://groups.google.com/group/semantic-archives
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