ationalogramme Intern tion Pr Londo n 2012 EducaHeritage of theOlympic GamesTaking the past and the presentinto the futureIn the summer of 2012, athletes from allover the world will come to London to takepart in the ultimate festival of Olympicsport and culture, the Olympic Games.
While 2012 will be a very exciting year for London, this is not the first time that the city has hostedthe Games. London also hosted the Olympic Games in 1908 and 1948. Here are some facts aboutpast Games: 1908 1948 2012Number of competing teams 22 59 205Number of athletes 2,008 4,104 10,400Number of sports 22 17 26Date of the Opening Ceremony 27 April 1908 29 July 1948 27 July 2012Date of the Closing Ceremony 31 October 1908 14 August 1948 12 August 2012 Acti vity idea How has your community changed? How has your school or community changed between the years 1908, 1948 and 2012? Has much happened in that time? How has life in your country changed since 1908? What were the fashions like then? What was the music like? Who was famous in 1908 and 1948? Are they still famous today? Create timelines of the different eras Quote me! in your country. Make your timelines colourful and include as many different ‘I can’t think of a better place than London facts as possible about life in those times. to hold an event that unites the world.’ Nelson Mandela, former President of South AfricaThe 1908 Games were originally awarded to Rome, Italy, but because the nearby volcano MountVesuvius erupted in 1906, the Games were awarded to London.London was going to host the Olympic Games again in 1944. However, due to the Second WorldWar, the Games were cancelled. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) later elected Londonagain as Host City for the 1948 Olympic Games.
Compare the Games of 1908, 1948 and 2012Olympic Stadia 1908 1948 2012What events took place in the Stadia? What do you think the Opening Ceremonies in 1908and 1948 might have included? What would the similarities to today be? What would thedifferences be?Olympic Medals 1908 1948 2012What do you think of the 2012 Olympic gold medal design? What does it represent?Marathon 1908 1948 2012There are many personal accounts from athletes about competing in Olympic Marathons. Can youwrite your own story about competing in the 1908 Marathon and finishing in the Olympic Stadium?How would you feel after running 26.2 miles?
Diving 1908 1948 2012Can you research the different techniques for Diving and how they have developed?Hockey 1908 1948 2012Do you play hockey in your country? How have the rules and equipment changed since 1908?Advertising posters 1908 1948 2012Look at the different ways in which the Games have been promoted and advertised over the years.What differences can you see? Why is there a difference? Are posters still an important promotionaltool? Have the places where posters might be displayed changed since 1908?
1908 Games: Did you know? – the first time, a stadium was specially For fitted out for the Games. – Hockey and Diving featured as Olympic sports. – Swimming did not take place in the open water as a pool was specially built – this outdoor pool was located in the middle of the Athletics track. – distance for the Marathon was fixed The at 26 miles and 385 yards (42km and 195m) so that the route started at Windsor Castle and finished at the box where Royal attendees, including the British Royal Family, were sitting in the Stadium. – Athletics event included for the first The time a relay, called ‘The Olympic Relay’. The athletes ran 200m, 400m and 800m. – Athletes paraded behind their country’s flag in sportswear during the Opening Ceremony. – Australia and New Zealand were represented by a single delegation, a under the name of Australasia. Ac tivity ide Travelling to the 1908 Games Travel arrangements in 1908 for the athletes and spectators would have been quite different to today and the journeys would have taken much longer. Did athletes from your country compete at the 1908 Games? How do you think they travelled there? Did they fly in an aeroplane? Did they take a ship to get to the Games? Research the details and then act it out. Show your team’s 1908 journey to other people.
London 1908: Image sheetMany things have changed since the 1908 Games in London – in the UK and around the world.These pictures give us an idea of what life was like during the Games in 1908:
1948 Games: Did you know? a The 1948 Games were the first to be Act ivity ide shown on home television. Comparison of the Games Starting blocks were used for the How much do you know about the Athletics Sprint races. Games of 1908 and 1948? Who were the heroes of the Games? Did a team A volunteer programme was created to from your country exist in 1948? If so, help run the Games. did they take part? Do you know how well they did? The Empire Pool was the first covered swimming pool in history. Located not Research the IOC and London 2012 far from Wembley Stadium, it could websites to learn fascinating facts about house 8,000 spectators. past teams and athletes. Share any information you find out with people in Basketball made its first appearance as your local community. an indoor sport. In 1936, the matches had been played outdoors, with the You could even make profiles on past final in the rain. stars of the Games. Produce posters or artwork of these stars or run A women’s Canoeing event was held presentations to show your school which for the first time, as well as the events athlete was the ‘true’ Olympic hero of the of Road Cycling and Jumping. Games in 1908 or 1948.