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Sufism

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A presentation unfurling the details of Sufi religion,

A presentation unfurling the details of Sufi religion,

Published in: Education, Spiritual

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  • 1. SUFIS M
  • 2. Impact on India Meaning Sufism Difference between Islam and Sufism Origin Principles & Practices
  • 3. MEANING The substance of Sufism is the Truth and the meaning of Sufism is the selfless experiencing and actualization of the Truth. The practice of Sufism is the intention to go towards the Truth, by means of love and devotion. This is called the tarigat, the spiritual path or way towards God. The sufi is one who is a lover of Truth, who by means of love and devotion moves towards the Truth, towards the perfection which all are truly seeking. As necessitated by love's jealousy, the sufi is taken away from all except the Truth.
  • 4. Cont… Islamic mysticism is called taṣawwuf (literally, “to dress in wool”) in Arabic, but it has been called Sufism in Western languages since the early 19th century. An abstract word, Sufism derives from the Arabic term for a mystic, ṣūfī, which is in turn derived from ṣūf, “wool,” plausibly a reference to the woolen garment of early Islamic ascetics. The Sufis are also generally known as “the poor,” fuqarāʾ plural , of the Arabic faqīr, in Persian darvīsh, whence the English words fakir and dervish.
  • 5. Impact on India Meaning Sufism Difference between Islam and Sufism Origin Principles & Practices
  • 6. ORIGIN Sufism is as old as humanity. Sufi saints existed even before Prophet Muhammad, but before the Prophet they were not called Sufis. It was only after a few centuries that they were called Sufis. According to Qushayri (988 AD) and some other scholars like Shihabuddin Suhrawardi, the term „Sufi‟ was first used at the end of second century Hijri i.e. in the early ninth century AD. The term Sufi did not find a mention either in the Sihah-i-Sittah compiled in the 9th and 10th century AD or in the Arabic dictionary, the Qamus compiled in the early 15th century AD. It is believed that a large number of prophets of God preceded Prophet Muhammad. In Islamic traditions, the number of prophets is put at 124,000 and that of messengers of God at 313. The early prophets were monotheists and they brought the message of the one true God. The pre-Islamic monotheists are believed to exist widely amongst Arab tribes from about the fifth century AD. They did not believe in idol worship and openly disapproved of idolatry and desired to restore the religion of Abraham. They were the seekers of Truth, who engaged themselves in the search of Truth and believed in the unity of the Supreme Being. They laid a lot of stress on one‟s own conduct; living a moral life; compassionate and sympathetic behavior with others
  • 7. Cont… The very early period of Islam witnessed it as a religion of reconciliation and concord with people being gently persuaded rather than being coerced into it. However, the infidelity and impious rule of the Umayyad immediately following the first four caliphs, created such political and social conditions that many Muslims became disgusted and adopted to asceticism and a life of seclusion to seek peace of soul. Gradually the focus shifted from material wealth to the lack of desire for possession i.e. a true detachment from all worldly things. Most of them were, however, orthodox Muslims in their beliefs and practices. They had yet not distinguished spirituality from the religion and laid great emphasis on the teachings of Qur‟an and Traditions.
  • 8. Cont… The Sufis in the period immediately after Prophet Muhammad spent their lives in fasting and in observing the rules of Sharia (the Islamic code of conduct), giving up the worldly pleasures-wealth, fame, feasts and women-and spent their time in solitude away from the society, seeking anonymity, hunger and celibacy. They usually lived on scanty food and wore little clothes. They were more concerned with the punishments and rewards for the infidels and the believers. In the ninth century AD, however, the Sufis recognized that spiritual progress couldn‟t be achieved by following Sharia alone. It was necessary for guiding their conduct, but not enough. They started adopting various spiritual practices over and above Sharia, known as Tariqat (the path). They considered following Shariat andTariqat essential to reach the Haqiqat (the Truth).
  • 9. Impact on India Meaning Sufism Difference between Islam and Sufism Origin Principles & Practices
  • 10. Principles And Practices The Sufis are the men of the highest morality. They are the people who behave according to the need of the time. They are not bound by the shackles of rituals and customs. Religion for them is important only so long as it does not hinder spiritual progress. The greatest religion for them is the love for the humanity and not to hurt anyone‟s feelings. Their objective being to evolve as a complete man by improving one‟s character and conduct the principles and practices adopted by them revolve around these central ideas and are to be seen in this light. A Sufi seeker has to complete his journey to self-realisation. He has to find his Beloved within himself, for He can be found only in a heart that has been purified by the fire of love. The distance, however, can be covered in a moment, the Truth can be realized in a moment, if one wants it as desperately as a drowning man wants the air.
  • 11. Cont… The basic principles of Sufism were given by Abdul Khaliq al-Ghujdawani, who was one of the greatest Sufi Masters of the Naqshbandi Sufi Order. Till about the 6th Century Hijri, the Sufis practised loud dhikr (jikr, japa or remembrance) i.e. they used to recite the name of the Almighty loudly by tongue. Eight Principles were embraced and hailed by all the forty tariqats (Sufi Orders) as the way of Truth and loyalty. (i) Hosh dar Dam (Conscious Breathing) (ii) Nazar bar Kadam (Watch Your Step) (iii) Safar dar Watan (Journey Homeward) (iv) Khilawat dar Anjuman (Solitude in the Crowd) (v) Yad Kard (Essential Remembrance)