Lower Limb 2 Gluteal Area

6,558 views
5,849 views

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine, Business
1 Comment
21 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • You're awesome! Enjoying your lectures. Total saviour because our anatomy lecturer just draws lol
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Views
Total views
6,558
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
14
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
376
Comments
1
Likes
21
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Lower Limb 2 Gluteal Area

  1. 1. Gluteal Region Anatomy<br />By:<br />Mohammed Faez<br />
  2. 2. Muscles of the Gluteal Region<br />The muscles of the gluteal region are responsible for extension, abduction, lateral rotation and slight medial rotation of the hip joint.<br />
  3. 3. Muscles of the Gluteal Region<br />Starting from superficial and going deep identify the following muscles:<br />Gluteus maximus<br />Gluteus medius<br />Gluteus minimus<br />Piriformis<br />Superior gemellus<br />Obturatorinternus<br />Inferior gemellus<br />Obturatorexternus<br />Quadratusfemoris<br />
  4. 4. Muscles of the Gluteal Region<br />The tensor fascia latae is seen from the lateral side of the gluteal region<br />
  5. 5. Arteries of the Gluteal Region<br />Superior gluteal<br />Inferior gluteal<br />Internal pudendal<br />These arteries are branches of the internal iliac artery which lies inside the pelvis.<br />There are three arteries coming into the gluteal region through the greater sciatic foramen.<br />
  6. 6. Nerves of the Gluteal Region<br />The nerves of the gluteal region are branches of the lumbosacral plexus:<br />Superior gluteal N<br />Inferior gluteal N<br />Sciatic N<br />Posterior femoral cutaneous N<br />PudendalN<br />
  7. 7. Gluteal Region Muscles<br />Gluteus Maximus<br />Origin: iliac crest, sacrum<br />Insertion: iliotibial tract, lineaaspera<br />Action: extension of thigh at hip and lateral rotation of thigh<br />Innervation: Inferior gluteal nerve<br />
  8. 8. Gluteal Region Muscles<br />Gluteus Medius<br />Origin: iliac crest<br />Insertion: Greater trochanter<br />Action: Abduction and medial rotation of thigh at the hip<br />Innervation: Superior gluteal nerve<br />
  9. 9. Gluteal Region Muscles<br />Gluteus Minimus<br />Origin: Lateral surface of ilium<br />Insertion: Greater trochanter<br />Action: Abduction, medial rotation at hip<br />Innervation: Superior gluteal nerve<br />
  10. 10. Gluteal Region Muscles<br />
  11. 11. Gluteal Region Muscles<br />Tensor Fascia Latae<br />Origin: iliac crest<br />Insertion: iliotibial tract<br />Action: assists gluteus maximus inextending the knee joint<br />Innervation: superior gluteal nerve<br />The tensor fascia latae is seen from the lateral side of the gluteal region<br />
  12. 12. Gluteal Region Muscles<br />Deep to gluteus maximus are a number of small rotator muscles of the hip, including:<br />Piriformis<br />Gemelli muscles (superior – inferior )<br />Obturatorinternus<br />Obturatorexternus<br />Quadratusfemoris<br />
  13. 13. Gluteal Region Muscles<br />Piriformis<br />Origin: Anterior surface of sacrum<br />Insertion: greater trochanter<br />Action: lateral rotation of thigh (at hip joint); abduction of flexed thigh<br />Innervation: Sacral nerve S1 and S2<br />
  14. 14. Gluteal Region Muscles<br />Superior Gemellus<br />Origin: ischial spine<br />Insertion: greater trochanter of femor<br />Action: lateral rotation of femur<br />Innervation: Sacral plexus<br />
  15. 15. Gluteal Region Muscles<br />Inferior Gemellus<br />Origin:Ischialtuberosity<br />Insertion: Greater trochanter of femur<br />Action: lateral rotation of femur<br />Innervation: Sacral plexus<br />
  16. 16. Gluteal Region Muscles<br />ObturatorInternus<br />Origin: internal aspect of obturator foramen & obturator membrane<br />Insertion: greater trochanter<br />Action: lateral rotation of femur; abduction of thigh when hip is flexed<br />Innervation: Sacral plexus<br />
  17. 17. Gluteal Region Muscles<br />ObturatorExternus<br />Origin: obturator foramen & obturator membrane (external surface)<br />Insertion: Greater trochanger of femur<br />Action: lateral rotation of thigh (at hip joint); adduction of thigh (weak)<br />Innervation: obturator nerve<br />
  18. 18. Gluteal Region Muscles<br />QuadratusFemoris<br />Origin: ischialtuberosity<br />Insertion: intertrochanteric crest of femur<br />Action: lateral rotation of thigh (at hip joint); adduction of thigh (weak)<br />Innervation:Sacral plexus<br />
  19. 19.
  20. 20.
  21. 21.
  22. 22. Read About<br />Sciatic Nerve Course <br />
  23. 23. Sciatic Nerve<br />
  24. 24. Sciatic Nerve<br />
  25. 25. Gluteal Region Muscles<br />
  26. 26. Gluteal Region Muscles<br />
  27. 27. Gluteal Region Muscles<br />
  28. 28. Gluteal Region Muscles<br />
  29. 29. Gluteal Region Muscles<br />
  30. 30. Gluteal Region Muscles<br />
  31. 31. Gluteal Region Muscles<br />
  32. 32. Gluteal Region Muscles<br />
  33. 33. Gluteal Region Muscles<br />
  34. 34. Gluteal Region Muscles<br />
  35. 35. Gluteus Medius (Cut)<br />External Oblique<br />Gluteus Maximus (Cut)<br />Tensor Fascia Latae<br />Piriformis<br />Rectus Femoris<br />Quadratus Femoris<br />

×