Caste System
The Evolution and the Effects of
Indian Caste System

-Anand Jhunjhunwala
BBM-B
Trimester – I
Roll No. 3
Origin
• Indo-European Aryans invaded our country in
1500 BC
• They were warriors who established control
and began to res...
The Different Castes
The Brahmins
• Members of the highest
caste
• Priests and teachers of
Sanskrit
• Performed religious
duties and preached
D...
The Kshatriyas
• Ranked below the
Brahmins
• Functioned as warriors
or army leaders
• Apart of the miltary.
• Had Politica...
The Vaishyas
• Below the Kshatriyas
• Traders, cattle
farmers, minor
officials, merchants and
artisans
• Owned their own
b...
The Sudras
• Below the Vaishyas
• Servants and
Farmhands
• Did not own their own
lands or businesses
• Were employed by
me...
The Harijans
• Known as
“Untouchables, Pariahs”
• Technically not even a
caste, below all others
• Responsible for
handlin...
Caste System in Practice
• People from different
castes could not
marry, befriend or eat
with each other
(especially sudra...
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Caste system

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The history and basic details of Caste System in India.

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Caste system

  1. 1. Caste System The Evolution and the Effects of Indian Caste System -Anand Jhunjhunwala BBM-B Trimester – I Roll No. 3
  2. 2. Origin • Indo-European Aryans invaded our country in 1500 BC • They were warriors who established control and began to restructure our social classifications. • Under their influence, people were divided into five different classes.
  3. 3. The Different Castes
  4. 4. The Brahmins • Members of the highest caste • Priests and teachers of Sanskrit • Performed religious duties and preached Dharma • Only caste allowed to teach and attend school
  5. 5. The Kshatriyas • Ranked below the Brahmins • Functioned as warriors or army leaders • Apart of the miltary. • Had Political influence • Women could not be warriors but could belong to this class.
  6. 6. The Vaishyas • Below the Kshatriyas • Traders, cattle farmers, minor officials, merchants and artisans • Owned their own business or farm land • There were many more people in this caste than the Kshatriyas or Brahmins
  7. 7. The Sudras • Below the Vaishyas • Servants and Farmhands • Did not own their own lands or businesses • Were employed by members of higher castes • The most populous caste
  8. 8. The Harijans • Known as “Untouchables, Pariahs” • Technically not even a caste, below all others • Responsible for handling the dead, cleaning human wastes, and collecting garbage.
  9. 9. Caste System in Practice • People from different castes could not marry, befriend or eat with each other (especially sudras and harijans with upper castes) • Lower castes could not attend schools • They were not allowed in temples • Impossible to change castes • Caste passed down to generations by family
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