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Biodiversity in India
 

Biodiversity in India

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As a part of my Forestry Studies, The actual presentation which i made and used in my Presentation session on the class

As a part of my Forestry Studies, The actual presentation which i made and used in my Presentation session on the class

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    Biodiversity in India Biodiversity in India Presentation Transcript

    • BIODIVERSITY IN INDIA Anand Charvin & Bhakar Ningombam
    • A BIT ABOUT INDIA • •
    • INDIA'S BIODIVERSITY : STATUS • India, known for its rich heritage of biological diversity, has so far documented over 91,200 species of animals and 45,500 species of plants in its ten bio-geographic regions. It is recognized as one of the eight Vavilovian centres of origin and diversity of crop plants, having more than 300 wild ancestors and close relatives of cultivated plants, which are still evolving under natural conditions.
    • • India ranks among the top ten species-rich nations and shows high endemism. India has two biodiversity hot spots. • Eastern Himalayas • Western Ghats
    • India is sharing 12.53 % of world’s total biodiversity • The extent of species endemism in vascular plants alone ranges from 32 to 40% in the mountain ecosystems. Other groups, such as reptiles, amphibians and fish show more than 50% of species endemism in Western Ghats. • Of the 979 bird species recorded from the Himalayan region, four Endemic Bird Areas have been delineated for priority conservation measures
    • • • • •
    • LEGISLATIONS RELEVANT TO BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION Relevant key legislation Key features Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 Deals with protection of wildlife and habitats and provides for the protection of wild animals, birds and plants and related matters, with a view to ensuring the ecological and environmental security of the country. Indian Forest Act, 1927 Designed for forest management and protection, the transit of forest- and the duty liveable on timber and other forest produce. Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 Designed for the conservation of forests and related matters Biological Diversity Act, 2002 Provides for conservation of biological diversity, sustainable use of its components, and fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the use of biological resources, knowledge and related matters Biological Diversity Rules, 2004 Deals with operationalizing the Biological Diversity Act.
    • THE NATIONAL BIODIVERSITY ACTION PLAN • • • • • • • • • • •
    • Biodiversity Conservation
    • TREATS TO BIODIVERSITY • Hunting. • Deforestation. • Climatic changes • Forest fires • Over Exploitation • Pollution • Habitat Fragmentation