Bacteria & Virus

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A 10 Slides presentation on just the surface of the virus and bacteria

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Bacteria & Virus

  1. 1. GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF VIRUS & BACTERIA
  2. 2. BACTERIAL CHARACTERISTICS Bacterial Characteristics Bacteria are of immense importance because of their rapid growth, reproduction, and mutation rates, as well as, their ability to exist under adverse conditions. The oldest fossils known, nearly 3.5 billion years old, are fossils of bacterialike organisms.
  3. 3. • Those that are classified as autotrophs are either photosynthetic, obtaining energy from sunlight or chemosynthetic, breaking down inorganic substances for energy . • Bacteria classified as heterotrophs derive energy from breaking down complex organic compounds in the environment. • This includes saprobes, bacteria that feed on decaying material and organic wastes.
  4. 4. BACTERIA STRUCTURE AND TYPES
  5. 5. BACTERIA • Bacteria are often maligned as the causes of human and animal disease. However, certain bacteria, the actinomycetes, produce antibiotics such as streptomycin and nocardicin. • Bacteria live on the roots of certain plants, converting nitrogen into a usable form. • Bacteria make up the base of the food web in many environments.
  6. 6. Bacteria can be anaerobes or aerobes. Bacteria have circular DNA called plasmids Bacteria have cell walls. Bacteria are prokaryotic and unicellular. Bacteria can be heterotroph or autotroph About:Bacteria Bacteria can be useful as well as pernicious.
  7. 7. GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF VIRUS  Viruses are infectious agents with both living and nonliving characteristics. 1. Living characteristics of viruses  a. They reproduce at a fantastic rate, but only in living host cells. b. They can mutate. 2. Nonliving characteristics of viruses • They are a cellular, that is, they contain no cytoplasm or cellular organelles. • They carry out no metabolism on their own and must replicate using the host cell's metabolic machinery.
  8. 8. GENERAL STRUCTURE OF VIRUS
  9. 9. CHARACTERISTICS OF VIRUS Virion (Virus particles) size range is ~10-400 nm All virions contain a nucleocapsid which is composed of nucleic acid (DNA or RNA) and a protein coat (capsid) Some viruses consist only of a nucleocapsid, others have additional components Envelopes • virions having envelopes = Enveloped viruses • virions lacking envelopes = Naked viruses
  10. 10. THE ENVELOPE Many viruses that infect humans and other animals are enveloped. Envelopes form when viral glycoproteins and oligosaccharides associate with the plasma membrane of the host cell. All envelopes have a phospholipid bilayer.
  11. 11. VIRUS CLASSIFICATION

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