The Art & Science of Yoga

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The Art & Science of Yoga

  1. 1. THE ART AND SCIENCE OF YOGA YOGACHARYA Dr. Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani MBBS, ADY, DPC, DSM, PGDFH, PGDY, FIAY, MD(AM) CHAIRMAN : INTERNATIONAL CENTRE FOR YOGA EDUCATION & RESEARCH ( ICYER ) & YOGANJALI NATYALAYAM PONDICHERRY,SOUTH INDIA.
  2. 2. WHAT IS YOGA ? • Union (Yuj) of – Body, Emotions and Mind – Jivatma With Paramatma • Skill in Action • Stilling the Whirlpools of the Mind • Unity of Thought,word and Deed • Four (Five) Fold Awareness • Equanimity of Mind • A Way of Life • Conscious Evolution
  3. 3. ASHTANGA YOGA Eight limbs of Patanjali’s Ashtanga Yoga • • • • • • • • Yama Niyama Asana Pranayama Pratyahara Dharana Dhyana Samadhi - morality for daily living - ethics for the self - firm & comfortable posture - control of the vital energy - withdrawal from the senses - one pointed concentration - state of meditation - absolute oneness
  4. 4. ASPECTS OF MIND • CHITTA-Memory Bank-Subconscious • MANAS-Conscious Mind • BHUDDI-Intellect-Possesses Viveka – Kriya Shakti- power of action – Jnana Shakti-power of wisdom – Iccha Shakti-power of will • AHAMKARA-‘I am’ ness – Impure- all is ME and MINE – Pure-all is mine through the Divine
  5. 5. CHITTA BHUMI (States of the mind stuff) • • • • • Mudha Kshipta Vikshipta Ekagratha Niruddha -dull / inert state -totally distracted -partially distracted -one pointed state -controlled state
  6. 6. PHYSIOLOGICAL BENEFITS • Improved general health, posture, muscle tone, sleep, immunity and pain tolerance • Weight normalizes • Stable autonomic nervous system • Increased cardio-respiratory efficiency, musculoskeletal flexibility, range of joint movement, physical endurance, strength and energy levels • Decreased HR,BP,RR and EMG activity • Normalizes GIT and endocrine function
  7. 7. PSYCHOLOGICAL BENEFITS • Improved Mood • Increased – Somatic Awareness,Kinesthetic Awareness, Subjective Well-being, – Self-acceptance – Self-actualization ,Social Adjustment • Decreased – Hostility, Anxiety, Depression
  8. 8. PSYCHOMOTOR BENEFITS • Increased – Grip Strength, Dexterity, Fine Skills • Improved – Eye-hand Coordination – Reaction Time – Depth Perception – Steadiness and Balance – Integrated Functioning of Body Parts
  9. 9. COGNITIVE FUNCTION IMPROVED MEMORY ATTENTION CONCENTRATION DEPTH PERCEPTION LEARNING EFFICIENCY
  10. 10. BIOCHEMICAL EFFECTS THE BIOCHEMICAL PROFILE IMPROVES, INDICATING AN ANTI STRESS & ANTI OXIDANT EFFECT, IMPORTANT IN THE PREVENTION OF DEGENERATIVE DISORDERS.
  11. 11. BIOCHEMICAL CHANGES AFTER YOGA PRACTICE • DECREASED – – – – – – – – GLUCOSE SODIUM CHOLESTEROL TRIGLYCERIDES LDL VLDL CATECOLAMINES WBC • INCREASED – – – – – – – – HDL ATP ase HEMATOCRIT Hb LYMPHOCYTES THYROXIN VIT C Sr PROTEIN
  12. 12. Various Disorders Amiable to Yoga Therapy • • • • • • • • C.V.S Respiratory Stress M.S Metabolic G.I.T Psychiatric C.N.S Headaches :Essential HT,CAD :Asthma,COAD :Tension headache :Backache,RA,Spondilitis :DM,Thyroid Disorders,Obesity :IBS,Dyspepsia,Ulcerative colitis :Anxiety,Depression,Phobias :Mental Retardation, Epilepsy, Migraine and other
  13. 13. YOGA COMPARED TO SPORTS • Parasympathetic dominance • Slow & static movements • Muscle tone is normalized • Low calorie consumption • Sympathetic dominance • Rapid, forceful movements • Increased muscle tension • Higher calorie consumption
  14. 14. YOGA COMPARED TO SPORTS • Low risk of injury • Effort –minimum and relaxed • Energizing activity • Natural and controlled breathing • Higher risk of injury • Effort -maximum and tense • Fatiguing activity • Breathing is heavy and taxed
  15. 15. YOGA COMPARED TO SPORTS (Contd) • Balanced activity of opposing muscle groups • Non competitive • Process oriented • Focus is on internal awareness • Infinite possibilities for growth in selfawareness & consciousness • Imbalanced activity of opposing muscle groups • Competitive • Goal oriented • Focus on external awareness • Boredom factor - as there is no higher philosophy or goal than the body
  16. 16. YOGA ONLY NEEDS • You and your -Dedication -Discipline and -Determination • A small and clean space • A positive attitude • Fresh air, light and water
  17. 17. YOGA IS NOT ! • • • • • • • A cult A religion A cure all A physical exercise An escape route Some mumbo-jumbo magic A way to easy money
  18. 18. THANK YOU

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