"Our invention can beexploited for a certain timeas a scientific curiosity, but apart from that, it has no commercial future whatsoever." — Auguste Lumière
Origins of Film Continued» Advent of THE STORY» Stories told through silent films» Then, stories told through films combining visual and auditory elements
Origins of Film Continued» Expansion of cinema industry: 1922, 40 million Americans attend the movies weekly 1931, average weekly movie attendance jumps to 75 million Expansion of theaters Explosion of Hollywood
Major Changes to the Modern Film Industry» Commercializaion of TV» 3D Capabilities» Wrap-Around Screens» Special Effects» Animation» The Digital Movement
Homework :)» Answer the questions on the “Intro to Film and Cinema” handout. Be prepared to share your answers in class.
Seven Approaches for Analyzing a Film» 1) The Technical Approach What is the technical quality of the film overall? What filmmaking techniques are used, and what effects do they create? What are the strongest technical points, and what are the weakest?
Seven Approaches for Analyzing a Film» 2) The Directorial Approach How would you describe the director’s style based on this film and other films by him/her? How do various elements of the film reflect the director’s artistic or life philosophy? Does this film reflect a new direction for this director? How is it similar and/or different from the director’s other films?
Seven Approaches for Analyzing a Film» 3) The Genre Approach In what ways does this film fit into the criteria associated with this genre? What are the variations on the standard genre that this film presents? How do these variations make the film interesting or unique? What values or beliefs are reflected in the film? Give examples.
Seven Approaches for Analyzing a Film» 4) The Psychological Approach Do any of the characters possess universal qualities? If so, which qualities? What aspects of human nature does the film help us understand? Examine the relationships between characters. What problems are explored? What insights are revealed about human relationships?
Seven Approaches for Analyzing a Film» 5) The Sociological/Political Approach From what social class does the main character come? How is this class portrayed? How does this impact the film? What seems to be socially and politically important to the characters? Does the film seem to support a traditional values system or does it question that view?
Seven Approaches for Analyzing a Film» 6) The Performance Approach How well-suited is the main actor/actress to his/her role? How is it similar to or different from other roles played by this actor? How do the supporting actors interact with the main actors, and how do these relationship affect the film?
Seven Approaches for Analyzing a Film» 7) Overall Approach How powerful is this star’s performance? How does the film reflect the style of this particular director? How does the film work as an example of this genre? What is the theme of the film? How important or creatively-expressed is the theme? Is the film emotionally effective? In what way?
Pre-Break Overview» What is a film?» Early history of film» 7 approaches for analyzing a film» Clips to illustrate film analysis process