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Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
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Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability

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Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability …

Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability
-a analysis of MDG 7 and its Achievement, Progress, Problem

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  • 1. 1
  • 2. Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability Presented by Anam Khairul GSIS, SNU 2
  • 3. Table of Contents I. Introduction II. Achievements and current progress III. Key problems and challenges IV. Conclusion 3
  • 4. I. Introduction “ A world with less poverty, hunger and disease, greater survival prospects for mothers and their infants, better educated children, equal opportunities for women, and a healthier environment; a world in which developed and developing countries worked in partnership for the betterment of all” 189 nations (September, 2000) 4
  • 5. I. Introduction Millennium Development Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability 4 Targets 10 Indicators 5
  • 6. I. Introduction • Target 7a: Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes; reverse loss of environmental resources  7.1 Proportion of land area covered by forest  7.2 CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP)  7.3 Consumption of ozone-depleting substances  7.4 Proportion of fish stocks within safe biological limits  7.5 Proportion of total water resources used • Target 7b: Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss  7.6 Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected  7.7 Proportion of species threatened with extinction • Target 7c: Halve, by 2015, the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation  7.8 Proportion of population using an improved drinking water source  7.9 Proportion of population using an improved sanitation facility • Target 7d: Achieve significant improvement in lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers, by 2020  7.10 Proportion of urban population living in slums 6
  • 7. II. Achievements & current progress Target 7A: Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources Indicator 7.1 Proportion of land area covered by forest 1990 2000 2005 70 68.3 65 63.4 60 50 49.9 47.2 46.7 46.6 46.7 46 40 30 31.3 30.8 30.3 30.6 30.7 30.4 29.2 27.3 26.5 20 19.8 18.1 16.5 14.2 14.3 14 10 1.3 1.5 3.3 3.4 3.9 3.9 1.5 3.5 3.9 0 World Developed Northern Western CIS, Asia Southern Eastern Sub- Latin CIS, Europe Oceania 7 Regions Africa Asia Asia Asia Saharan America & Africa Caribbean
  • 8. II. Achievements & current progress Indicator:7.2 CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) 6,049,435 5,010,170 Thousand Global CO2 emissions map (metric tons) Thousand MT MT 18.4 % 22.2 % of total of total emission emission 2nd polluter 1st polluter 8
  • 9. II. Achievements & current progress Indicator 7.2 CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP) Total CO2 emission 1990, 2000, 2005 (billions metric World CO2 emission (billions MT) tons) 30.0 10.8 25.0 27.6 Developed regions 12.0 23.6 20.0 21.3 22.2 6.7 16.9 Developing regions 13.1 15.0 2.9 10.0 Eastern Asia 6.1 5.4 6.3 5.0 4.2 3.7 C IS 2.3 0.0 1.0 1990 1995 2000 2005 Southem Asia 2005 2000 1990 2.0 1.0 Latin America & Caribbean 1.4 0.6 Western Asia 1.2 0.4 South - Eastern Asia 1.2 Sub - Saharan Africa Northen Africa Oceania 9 0.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 10.0 12.0 14.0
  • 10. II. Achievements & current progress (b) CO2 emissions per capita and (c) per $1 GDP (PPP) (b) Per capita CO2 emissions MT ( C) CO2 emission per 1$ GDP (PPP) (Kilograms of CO2) Developed Regions Developing Regions Developing Regions Developed Regions World World CIS Europe CIS Asia CIS CIS Western Asia 1990 CIS Europe 2000 CIS Asia 1990 2005 Oceania 2000 Eastern Asia Western Asia 2005 South - Eastern Asia South - Eastern Asia Northen Africa Southem Asia Latin America Caribbean Eastern Asia Latin America & Caribbean Southem Asia Sub - Saharan Africa Oceania Northen Africa Sub - Saharan Africa 10 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 0 5 10 15 20
  • 11. II. Achievements & current progress Indicator: 7.3 Consumption Ozone-depleting substances Table : Consumption of ozone - depleting substances CFCs is used (Thousand metric tons) in 1990 2000 2006 Refrigerator, Spr Developed Regions 826.8 24.1 10.5 ay, Cleaning Developing Regions 247.5 212.5 71.3 agent & Aerosol Eastern Asia 103.2 105.8 38.0 etc. Latin America & Caribbean 76.0 31.1 11.5 CIS 139.5 27.1 10.5 CIS Europe 136.8 24.1 10.5 CIS Asia 2.7 0.9 0.2 Southem Asia 3.3 28.2 7.6 South - Eastern Asia 21.1 16.8 4.6 Western Asia 11.4 11.9 4.6 Northen Africa 6.2 8.1 2.6 Sub - Saharan Africa 23.4 9.6 2.4 Transition Countries of South- Eastern Europe 6.2 1.0 0.4 Oceania 0.0 0.1 0.0 11
  • 12. progress Indicator 7.4 Proportion of Fish stocks within biological limits 12
  • 13. II. Achievements and current progress Indicator 7.5 Proportion of total water resources Surface w ater and groundw ater w ithdraw al as percentage of total actual renew able w ater resources, around 2000 Northen Africa 76.6 Western Asia 47.4 Southem Asia 26.6 Eastern Asia 21.9 Transition of South- Eastern 11.1 Europe Developed Regions 9.1 Developing Regions 6.8 CIS 5.6 South - Eastern Asia 4.7 Sub - Saharan Africa 2.2 Latin Am erica & Caribbean 1.4 Oceania 0.0 13
  • 14. II. Achievements & current progress Target 7B: Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss Indicator 7.6 Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected % 20 18.8 18 1990 2000 2007 17.8 16 14 14.5 12 11.3 10.9 10 10.3 9.5 8 8.5 7.3 7.1 7 6 6.1 6.0 5.4 4 4.3 3.7 3.4 2.6 2 2.1 0.4 0 Developed Developing South Eastern Latin America & Sub-Saharan Oceania Eastern Asia Southern Asia Northern Africa Western Asia Regions Region Caribbean Africa Asia 14
  • 15. 80 83 86 89 92 95 98 92.2 World 91.9 1994 Developing 93.5 Regions 93.1 2008 Developed 92.5 Regions 92.2 91.9 Oceania 91.4 South - Eastern 93.4 Asia 92.7 Latin America & 93.1 Caribbean 93.0 Sub - Saharan 93.8 Africa 93.6 96.0 progress Southem Asia 95.5 96.4 CIS 95.7 96.2 Eastern Asia 95.8 Percentage of species not expected to go exinct in the near future 97.5 Indicator 7.7 Proportion of species threatened with extinction Western Asia II. Achievements & current 97.0 97.6 15 Northen Africa 97.1
  • 16. progress Target 7C: Halve, by 2015, the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation Indicator 7.8 Proportion of population using an improved drinking water source 16
  • 17. II. Achievements and current progress Indicator 7.8 Proportion of population using an improved drinking water source 17
  • 18. II. Achievements and current progress Indicator 7.9 Proportion of population using an improved sanitation facility 18
  • 19. II. Achievements and current progress Indicator 7.9 Proportion of population using an improved sanitation facility 19
  • 20. progress Target 7D: Achieve significant improvement in lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers, by 2020 Indicator 7.10 Proportion of urban population living in slums Proportion of urban population living in slums 1990 2001 (%) 2005 80 70 72 64 60 62 50 47 43 40 41 38 37 37 37 35 30 30 29 28 27 27 25 24 24 20 15 10 6 6 0 CIS Asia Eastern Asia CIS Europe South - Eastern Southem Asia Western Asia Northen Africa Developing Oceania Latin America Sub - Saharan & Caribbean Regions Africa Asia 20
  • 21. III. Key problems and challenges Problems:  Green House emissions increased by 30 % from 1990 to 2005, with annual growth from 2000 to 2005 greater than the preceding decade causing the climate change and negative consequences.  Evaluations of national development plans by the World Bank have shown limited integration of the environment.  The loss of environmental resources continues. Forest cover, for example, has declined by 7.3 million hectares per year over the past five years – an area about the size of Sierra Leone.  Almost half of the world’s population face a scarcity of water. 40 per cent of the world’s population live in river basins with some form of water scarcity. Symptoms include environmental degradation and competition for water. 21
  • 22. III. Key problems and challenges Challenges: » Ensure effective conservation and management to reverse the loss »» of natural resources and significantl reduce biodiversity loss. » Scale-up programmes and initiatives to deliver pro-poor »» environmental outcomes. » Provide investments to bring electricity and cleaner cooking fuels »» to the large segments of the world population that are still deprived of such essential services. » Develop participatory, pro-poor natural resource and ecosystem »» management systems. » Introduce innovative financial mechanisms to significantly raise »» financing for the environment. » Introduce measures/mechanisms to reduce global greenhouse gas »» emissions. » Conclude negotiations to ensure an effective and equitable outcome »» under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change by late 2009. 22
  • 23. III. Key problems and challenges » Enhance climate adaptation programmes and reduce the negative »» impact of climate change, particularly in small island developing states and least developed countries. » Promote climate-friendly and climate-change adaptation »» technologies. » Promote selective bio-fuel development based on global »» comparisons of energy ratios and impacts on land, water, deforestation and food prices of different options. » Increase spending on water and sanitation from about 0.5 per cent »» to at least 1.0 per cent of GDP to ensure greatly increased access. » Adopt a holistic, participatory ecosystem approach to fisheries »» management. » Scale-up slum upgrading and invest in decent, affordable housing »» for the poor, including women. » Create strong incentives and financial support for participatory, »» sustainable forest management and 23 conservation practices.
  • 24. VI. Conclusion Key success:  The use of ozone-depleting substances has been almost eliminated and this has contributed to the effort to reduce global warming.  Some 1.6 billion people have gained access to safe »» drinking water since 1990. At this rate, the world is expected to meet the MDG target on drinking water. But about 1 billion people still do not have access to safe drinking water, and 2.5 billion lack access to basic sanitation services.  Currently, only 22 percent of the world’s fisheries are »» sustainable, compared to 40 percent in 1975. Despite their importance to the sustainability of fish stocks and coastal livelihoods, only 0.7 per cent of the world’s oceans – about 2 million square kilometres – were put under protection. 24
  • 25. V. Conclusion Greater efforts required:  Some 2.5 billion people, almost half the developing world’s population, live without improved sanitation  More than one third of the growing urban population in developing countries live in slum conditions  Carbon dioxide emissions have continued to increase, despite the international timetable for addressing the problem  Some 2.4 billion people live without access to modern »» cooking and heating services, and 1.6 billion have no access to electricity. 25
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