What are the treatment options for piles


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Usually allopathic treatment for hemorrhoids revolves around the prescription of anti inflammatory drugs.
In extreme cases of prolapse and thrombosis surgical measures are also undertaken.

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What are the treatment options for piles

  1. 1. WHAT ARE THE TREATMENT OPTIONS FOR PILES?  What are Hemorrhoids or piles?  Types of Hemorrhoids  Causes of Hemorrhoids  Symptoms of Hemorrhoids  Treatment For Hemorrhoids
  2. 2. What are piles or hemorrhoids?  Piles are hemorrhoids that become inflamed. Hemorrhoids are masses, clumps, cushions of tissue in the anal canal - they are full of blood vessels, support tissue, muscle and elastic fibers.  The physiological structures cushioning the anal passage so as to aid the exit of fecal matter are referred to as hemorrhoids.  Consisting of blood vessels and tissue they make way for the passage of fecal waste. On inflammation or swelling hemorrhoids enlarge to attain the pathological condition also known as 'piles'.
  3. 3. Types of Hemorrhoids 1. External Hemorrhoids External Hemorrhoids located at the penultimate end or exit of the anal passage, becomes painfully swollen and itchy on acquiring the conditions of piles. The veins surrounding the farthest end of anal canal become varicose or swollen in nature, prone to developing into clot. 2. Internal Hemorrhoids Internal Hemorrhoids which find their location inside the rectum are usually painless in nature. Hemorrhoids anatomically located in the internal folds of the anal passage may give way to bleeding and take prolapsed form on inflammation.
  4. 4. Causes of Hemorrhoids 1. Irregular tendencies of bowel movements may give rise to the painfully inflamed conditions of piles or hemorrhoids. 2. Both constipation and diarrhea can contribute to the painful pathological conditions of hemorrhoids. 3. As far as constipated bowel movements are concerned, straining and increased pressure on the cushioning blood vessels give rise to the painfully swelling conditions of hemorrhoids. 4. Besides these pregnancy and child birth also contribute to the formation of piles by way of increased pressure on the guarding blood vessels. 5. Hereditary factors and that of aging are also related to piles.
  5. 5. 6.Increase of body weight and immobility involving sitting positions prolonged may also be attributed to the formation of hemorrhoids 7.Piles or Hemorrhoid swelling occurs when there is an increase in the pressure in the small vessels that make up the hemorrhoid causing them to swell and engorge with blood. This causes them to increase symptoms. in size leading to
  6. 6. Increased pressure may be caused by a variety of factors: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Low fiber diet and smaller caliber stool causes a person to strain when having a bowel movement, increasing the pressure within the blood vessels. Pregnancy is associated with hemorrhoid swelling and is likely due to increased pressure of the enlarged uterus on the rectum and anus. In addition, hormonal changes with pregnancy may weaken the muscles that support the rectum and anus. Prolonged sitting on the toilet may increase pressure within the hemorrhoid blood vessels Obesity Diarrhea, both acute and chronic Colon cancer Previous rectal surgery Spinal cord injury and lack of erect posture
  7. 7. . Symptoms of Hemorrhoids 1. Hemorrhoids which occur externally usually exist as inflamed lump around the extreme end of the anal canal. 2. Besides being extremely painful, they are also itchy by nature. 3. While the ones located internally may make way for bleeding. Occurrences of stool smeared with blood are the typical symptoms of internal hemorrhoids. 4. Internal ones may also protrude or overhang through the rectal passage. 5. Internal ones which are usually non painful by nature, become extremely painful on acquiring a thrombotic condition.
  8. 8. Stages of Hemorrhoids
  9. 9. Treatment For Hemorrhoids 1. Usually allopathic treatment for hemorrhoids revolves around the prescription of anti inflammatory drugs. 2. In extreme cases of prolapse and thrombosis surgical measures are also undertaken. 3. A process known as 'stapled hemorrhoidectomy' which entails partial removal and restructuring the inflamed tissues is also one of the painless surgical options. 4. 'Sclerotherapy' whereby the inflamed veins are forced to collapse and shrink with the use of phenol like sclerosing agent is also resorted to.
  10. 10. 6. Cauterisation whereby the painful lump existent in the shape of a hemorrhoid is burnt with techniques such as 'electrocautery', 'laser' and 'cryosurgery' is also made use of in order to get rid of hemorrhoids. 7. By way of another mode of treatment known as 'rubber band ligation' rubber bands are attached to internal piles so that the formation may wither away within a period of week. Check here for the Piles Specialists