Now and then. Expressing habits


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Now and then. Expressing habits

  1. 1. Situations and habits in the present and past
  2. 2. This is Kate Morrison
  3. 3. Now • She’ll usually read fairy tales to her children. • Her husband goes through phases of reading thick novels.
  4. 4. • She tends to go to a good musical whenever she can. • She tends not to pay much attention to gossip magazines.
  5. 5. • She seldom gets to find the time for the cinema. • Her husband is always listening to his iPod.
  6. 6. EXPRESSING HABITS In the present: • Present simple + expression of frequency She seldom gets … • Tend to / Tend not to + INF She tends to … She tends not to ... • Go through phases of + ING (temporary habits) Her husband goes through phases of … • Will (emphatic) She’ll usually read … • Present Continuous + frequency adverb (annoying) Her husband is always …. …
  7. 7. STATE VERBS There are some verbs which are nearly always used in a simple rather than a continuous tense. These are “state” verbs and they usually refer to thoughts, feelings,belonging and the senses.
  8. 8.  THOUGHTS: believe, know, mean, realise, recognise, remember, suppose, understand, feel, think.  FEELINGS: adore, dislike, despise, hate, love, want, wish, prefer,…  BELONGING: belong, have/have got (=posses), own, posses,…  SENSES: smell, taste, hear, see.  OTHER STATE VERBS: seem, look, look like, matter,…
  9. 9. Some verbs have a stative meaning and a different active meaning:  She’s got a beautiful house  We’re having an interesting conversation.  It tastes delicious  I’m tasting the sauce.  I think you’ll pass your exam  I’m thinking about you.
  10. 10. Ten years ago… • She went to University from Monday to Friday. • She used to study with some friends at the library.
  11. 11. • She lived in the UK with her parents. • She would go for a drink with her friends on Saturday.
  12. 12. PAST SIMPLE We use “past simple” to:  Talk about permanent, long-term situations in the past: She lived with her family.  Refer to past habits: She went to University from Monday to Friday.
  13. 13. USED TO / WOULD We can use both “used to” and “would” to talk about past habits when we are emphasising that they are no longer true:  She used to study at the library  She would go for a drink with her friends on Saturday. “Used to” is much more common than would
  14. 14.  “Used to” can also refer to states: She used to be crazy about Michael Jackson. We can’t use “would” for that. Don’t confuse “used to”, which is a past tense, with “be/get used to (doing), which can be present, past or future: She’s used to living in the States. She’s getting used to driving to work.
  15. 15. Expressions of frequency • Classify these adverbs and adverbial phrases on the frequency scale below once in a blue moon every now and again from time to time every so often seldom rarely, if ever once in a while occasionally generally by and large NEVER RARELY SOMETIMES as a rule hardly ever USUALLY ALWAYS KEY: NEVER (rarely, if ever, once in a blue moon), RARELY (hardly ever, seldom, occasionally, once in a while, from time to time), SOMETIMES (every now and again, every so often, generally, by and large), USUALLY (as a rule) ALWAYS.
  16. 16. Customs BE/ GET USED TO + ing: What’s the difference between these two sentences? “I have to get used to going to bed earlier” “I’m used to going to bed before 10”