• She’ll usually read fairy tales to her children.
• Her husband goes through phases of reading
• She tends to go to a good musical whenever she
• She tends not to pay much attention to gossip
• She seldom gets to find the time for the cinema.
• Her husband is always listening to his iPod.
In the present:
Present simple + expression of frequency
She seldom gets …
Tend to / Tend not to + INF
She tends to …
She tends not to ...
Go through phases of + ING (temporary habits)
Her husband goes through phases of …
She’ll usually read …
Present Continuous + frequency adverb (annoying)
Her husband is always …. …
There are some verbs
which are nearly always
used in a simple rather
than a continuous
These are “state” verbs
and they usually refer to
and the senses.
Some verbs have a stative meaning and
a different active meaning:
She’s got a beautiful house
We’re having an interesting conversation.
It tastes delicious
I’m tasting the sauce.
I think you’ll pass your exam
I’m thinking about you.
Ten years ago…
• She went to University from Monday to Friday.
• She used to study with some friends at the
• She lived in the UK with her parents.
• She would go for a drink with her friends on
We use “past simple” to:
Talk about permanent, long-term situations in the
She lived with her family.
Refer to past habits:
She went to University from Monday to Friday.
USED TO / WOULD
We can use both “used to” and “would” to
talk about past habits when we are
emphasising that they are no longer true:
She used to study at the library
She would go for a drink with her friends
“Used to” is much more common than would
“Used to” can also refer to states:
She used to be crazy about Michael Jackson.
We can’t use “would” for that.
Don’t confuse “used to”, which is a past
tense, with “be/get used to (doing), which
can be present, past or future:
She’s used to living in the States.
She’s getting used to driving to work.
Expressions of frequency
• Classify these adverbs and adverbial phrases on
the frequency scale below
once in a blue moon
every now and again
from time to time
every so often
rarely, if ever
once in a while occasionally
by and large
as a rule
KEY: NEVER (rarely, if ever, once in a blue moon), RARELY (hardly ever, seldom, occasionally, once in a while, from time to time),
SOMETIMES (every now and again, every so often, generally, by and large), USUALLY (as a rule) ALWAYS.
BE/ GET USED TO + ing:
What’s the difference between these two
“I have to get used to going to bed earlier”
“I’m used to going to bed before 10”