“Experiential learning is equivalent to personal change and growth” feels that all human beings have a natural propensity to learn; the role of the teacher is to facilitate such learning.
PLANS ARE MADETO USE LEARNING Experiencing AN ACTIVITY OCCURSIN NEWSITUATIONS REACTIONS & Applying Sharing OBSERVATIONS ARE SHARED PRINCIPLESARE DERIVED PATTERNS AND Inferring Analyzing DYNAMICS ARE DETERMINED
Fieldtrips NarrativesConducting Experiments Simulations Games Storytelling Focused Imaging Field Observations Role Playing Model Building Surveys
• structured activitythat occurs outside theclassroom. • can be a brief observational activity or a longer more sustained investigation or project.
• offer an opportunityfor students to getexposure to "real"people and events•opportunity to makeconnections withothers.•visit people andplaces that they arenot normally exposedto during the schoolday.
Be clear about what Prepare students for the field trip will the learning accomplish Have a debriefing session for students to share their learning when they return to the classroom LIST
•Narrative essays are told from a definedpoint of view, often the authors, so there isfeeling• Specific and often sensory details providedto get the reader involved in the elementsand sequence of the story.
relies on personal experiences often in the form of a story Includes all convention of story telling: plot, character, setting, climax, and ending usually filled with details that are carefully selected to explain, support, or enhance the story All of the details relate to the main point the writer is attempting to make.
• The writing in your essay should be lively.5 LIST
• methodical trial and error procedure carried out with the goal of verifying, falsifying, or establishing the validity of a hypothesis. • Experiments provide insight into cause-and-effect by demonstrating what outcome occurs when a particular factor is manipulated LIST
• The teacher controls the parameters of this "world" • instructional scenarios and uses it to achieve the where the learner is desired instructional results. placed in a "world" defined by the teacher
Enjoyable, motivating activityElement of reality is compatible with principles of constructivism Enhances appreciation of the more subtle aspects of a concept/principle Promotes critical thinking
Preparation Time Cost can be an issueAssessment is more complex than some traditional teaching methods
• promote concept attainment through experiential practice• effective at helping students understand the nuances of a concept or circumstance• Students are often more deeply involved in simulations than other activities
• Ensure that students • Try to anticipate understand the questions before procedures before they are asked. beginning • Know what you wish to accomplish.
• Play helps children learn about the world in which they live. • It provides the opportunity for children to work out their feelings. • Play builds social skills LIST
• conveying of events in words, images and One reason for storytelling sounds, often by is to capture a moment or improvisation or event and immortalize it embellishment Storytelling should have the ability to transport the listener to another time or place LIST
Imaging enables students to: • imaging exercises• relax and allow their imaginations nurture and develop to take them on journeys students creative• "experience" situations first hand• respond with their senses to the potentials mental images formed. • Imaging provides a focus and an opportunity for open- minded exploration of new concepts in all areas of study LIST
In role playing, students act out characters in a predefined "situation". • allows students to take risk-free positions by acting out characters in hypothetical situations. • can help them understand the range of concerns, values, and positions held by other people. LIST
• involves the creation of models either from kits or from materials and components acquired by the builder. LIST
• The purpose of a survey depends what the survey is used for.• It is a method of gathering information from a selection of individuals. LIST