A River Valley and Its People5000 B.C.-Nomadichunter-gatherers settledby the Nile and took up afarming life.They harvested papyrusto make rope, matting,sandals, baskets and paper.
Two large kingdoms4000 B.C.-Lower Egypt in the NorthUpper Egypt in the South3000 B.C.-Narmer (King of upper Egypt)set up the first goverment thatruled all over the country.
Dynasties3000 B.C. – 332 B.C.A series of 30 dynastiesruled Egypt.Three great periods:• The Old Kingdom• The Middle Kingdom• The New kingdom
The Old Kingdom (2700 B.C. – 2200 B.C.)TheocracyKing as a God –political andreligious leader.BureaucracyControlled trade and collectedtaxes. Supervised the buildingof dams, canals and storehousesfor grain.
The Pyramids• The step Pyramidbuilt for king Djoserin the mid-2600 B.C.• The three pyramidsat Giza.Egyptians believedthat a king´s soulcontinued to guidethe kingdom afterdeath.
The Middle Kingdom (2050 - 1800 B.C.)• Capital in Thebes• Constuction of a canal between the Nile and the Red Sea (allowed trade along the coasts of the arabian peninsula and east Africa)• Invasion by the Hyksos, established a dynasty that ruled for 110 years.
The New Kingdom (1600 B.C.)• About 1600 B.C. Ahmoseraised an army and drove theHyksos out.• Pharaos rule an empire• Pharaos used large armiesto realice their dreams ofconquest.*pharaoh: great house of theking.
Queen Hatshepsut (1480 B.C.)• Ruled with her husbandand later with her stepson.• Became pharaoh and builta great funeral temple and tombnow called the Valley of the Kings.• Thutmose III conquered anEmpire for Egypt (Syria).• No longer isolated from othercultures.
Recovery and Decline• Ramses II (the great)Ruled for 67 years, afterhis death in 1237 B.C.,Egypt weakened underthe attacks of sea raidersand in 975 B.C. it cameunder the rule of foreignersamong them the Libyans.