Greek drama powerpoint


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Grrek Drama History

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Greek drama powerpoint

  1. 1. Greek Drama
  2. 2. Drama was born in ancientGreece!• 600s B.C. - Greeks were giving choral performances of dancing and singing• Performances at festivals honoring Dionysus• Later they held drama contests to honor him
  3. 3. Thespis (534 B. C.)• Defined theater – art of acting a part on stage – dramatic impersonation of another character than yourself• Uncertain whether he was a playwright, an actor, or a priest• “Thespian” term comes from his name
  4. 4. Description of Greek Theater• Took place in large hillside amphitheaters – held 20, 000 people!!• Players included a chorus and their leader• Lines were chanted• Chorus performed in an “orchestra”, not on a raised platform
  5. 5. Greek Theater (continued)• Masks used to represent characters• High-soled boots worn to add height• Both of these limited movement
  6. 6. Greek Theater
  7. 7. Most Important Era (400s B.C.)• Tragedies performed as part of a civic celebration called the City Dionysia• Festival lasted several days• Prizes given for best tragedy, comedy, acting, and choral singing
  8. 8. Theater of Dionysus• Located on slope below the Acropolis in Athens• Seated 14,000• Circular acting area called orchestra• Skene (stage house)
  9. 9. Greek Tragedy• Nearly all surviving tragedies are based on myth• Character’s struggle against hostile forces ended in defeat and ultimately in death• A series of dramatic episodes separated by choral odes (mini-songs).• Episodes performed by a few actors - never more than 3 on stage
  10. 10. Greek Drama (continued)• Wore masks to indicate the nature of the characters played.• Men played women’s roles• Same actor appeared in several parts.• Of the hundreds of Greek tragedies written, fewer than 35 survive.
  11. 11. Three Playwrights• Aeschylus – Most famous for Oresteia – Introduced concept of second actor – Expanded possibilities for plot
  12. 12. Sophocles• Innovation of the third actor• Most famous for Oedipus Rex
  13. 13. Euripides• Created the ultimate form of drama• Far more naturalistic or human approach in his works• Showed interest in psychology through portraits of women
  14. 14. Euripides (continued)• Medea is most famous work – Describes how a mother kills her children to gain revenge against their father
  15. 15. Roman Theater• Borrowed extensively from Greeks• Latin word “ludus” – play• Chiefly important because it influenced Renaissance playwrights• Works of only one author left – Lucius Annaeus Seneca – 5 act form -- Elaborate language – Revenge as the main idea of the play – Confidant
  16. 16. Roman Comedy• Typical plot – misunderstandings – Mistaken identity – Free-spending sons deceiving their fathers Gradual decline – actors excommunicated -- rising power of church -- invasions by barbarian tribes
  17. 17. Medieval Drama• Death of theater after fall of Roman Empire• Kept alive only by street players, jugglers, acrobats, and animal trainers
  18. 18. Medieval Churches• Although against theater during Roman Empire, churches are most responsible for bringing theater back• Church needed to establish itself in the community – Began using drama to tell stories about religious holidays
  19. 19. Liturgical Drama• Rebirth of drama through brief plays acted by priests as part of the liturgy (worship service)• The Resurrection of Christ was first event dramatized
  20. 20. Mystery Plays• Written in verse and taught Christian doctrine – Presented Biblical characters as if they lived in medieval times
  21. 21. Mystery Plays (continued)• Setting for play on pageant wagon• Wagon drawn through city to various places – Actors performed on platform outside wagon
  22. 22. Miracle Plays• Based on lives of saints rather than scripture• Became secular after short period of time
  23. 23. Morality Plays• Relgious performed “speeches”• Taught meanings of Biblical passages other than literal ones• Changed into plays called interludes – Interludes were created strictly for entertainment
  24. 24. Renaissance Drama (Italy)• Strictly applied Aristotle’s rules• Spectacular musicals• Intermezzo – music and lively entertainment between acts• 16th century - Opera emerges• 17th century – Commedia dell’arte – Comedy and improv
  25. 25. Renaissance Drama• Pastoral drama – Set in the country – Depicted romantic affairs of rustic people, usually shepherds and shepherdesses
  26. 26. Renaissance Drama (England)• Not bound by rules• Elements of farce, morality, disregard for time and place• Christopher Marlowe – Development of blank verse
  27. 27. England Performances• Began early afternoon; ended just before dusk• Women never on stage; parts played by boys• Attended by all classes of society• Refreshments sold during performances• Audience in a “holiday” mood
  28. 28. William Shakespeare• Father of modern drama• Creator of the Globe Theater
  29. 29. Shakespeare (Continued)• Wrote tragedies, comedies, etc.• Unified plot• Strong characters and imagery• Perfection with verse form and language – Captured the spirit of ordinary speech – Gave special dignity to characters/situations
  30. 30. The Globe Theater• One of four major theaters in England – the other three – Swan, Rose, Hope• Open-air octagonal amphitheater• Seated 3,000• 3 stories high• Original burned down; was reconstructed before Shakespeare’s death
  31. 31. Congratulations!!!You have completed the lecture onthe history of theater!!!