ACTIVITY 21.- I forgot the car keys at home. I was late for work. (t. III). – If I hadn’t forgotten the car keys at home, I wouldn’t have been late for work.2.- She hasnt got a university degree. Shed like to have a better job. (t. II) – If she had a university degree, she’d have a better job3.- I spent all my money on cigarettes. I need a dictionary. (t. III). – If I hadn’t spent all my money on cigarettes, I’d have been able to buy a dictionary / would have bought a dicctionary.
4.- Susan is going to fail almost every subject this year. She wants to go to university. (t. I) – If Susan fails every subject this year, she won’t go to university. – Is Susan doesn’t fail any subject, she will go to university.5.- Hes not handsome. Hed like to have a beautiful girlfriend. (type II, use MIGHT in the main clause). – If he were handsome, he would have a beautiful girlfriend.
6.- The prison warder was having lunch. The prisoners escaped. (t.III). – If the prison warder hadn’t been having lunch, the prisoners wouldn’t have escaped.7.- I need a typewriter. It costs a lot of money. (t. I) – If I get money, I’ll buy a typewriter. – I’ll get a typewriter if I get/save/earn enough money – I won’t get a typewriter unless I get enough money.
8.- I dont have enough time. I like reading very much. (t. II) – If I had enough time, I would read more.9.- I dont like cooking. I always eat in restaurants (t. II) – If I liked cooking, I wouldn’t eat in restaurants.
ACTIVITY 3e.g. Hes thinking of going to England.If he goes to England, he will have to learn English.1.- It looks as if those shoes in the window are my size. – If those shoes in the window are my size, I’ll buy them // I will try them on2.- Dont drop that vase. – If you drop that vase, it will break.
3.- It looks like being fine tomorrow. – If it is fine tomorrow, we will go to the beach.4.- My father has suggested that I change my job. – If I change my job, my father will be happy. – If I pay attention to my father’s suggestion, I will change my job.5.- It seems that well be late for the theatre. – If I am late for the theatre, I will miss the beginning of the play. – If I am late for the theatre, I won’t be allowed to come in.
6.- Dont lose my library book! – If you lose my library book, I will have to pay for it / I won’t be able to take it back.7.- You may meet some friends of mine in London. – If you meet my friend in London, give them my kindest regards. – If you go to London, you may meet some friends of mine.8.- He expects to pass his exams. – If he passes his exams, he will go to university/he will be very happy9.- Theyre hoping it will be a baby boy. – If it is a boy, they will be very happy. – If they have a boy, they will be very happy.
ACTIVITY 41.- What happens if flowers don’t get any water? – If flowers don’t get any water, they wither.2.- What must a motorist do if the traffic lights are red? – If the traffic lights are red, a motorist must stop.3.- What materials do you need if you want to write a letter? (you = one) – If you want to write a letter, you need a pen and some paper.
4.- What do you like to drink if you are thirsty? – If I am thirsty, I like to drink some water.5.- Who do businessmen go to see if they want toborrow money? – Businessmen go to see the bank manager if they want to borrow money.6.- What do you expect a teacher to do if you make a mistake? – If I make a mistake, I expect a teacher to correct it.
7.- What must one have if one wants to visit a foreign country? – If one wants to visit a foreign country, one must have a passport.8.- Who do people go to see if they feel ill? – People go to see the doctor if they feel ill.9.- What happens if there is a power failure? – If there is a power failure, lights will go off.10.- How do people dress in your country if they work in an office? – People in my country wear formal clothes if they work in an office..
ACTIVITY 51. What cities or other places of interest would you visit if you went to America? 1. If I went to America I would visit New York.2. What would you do (or not do) if you could live your life over again? 1. If I could live my life again, I would do exactly the same.3. What would you say or do if someone called you a fool? 1. If someone called me a fool, I wouldn’t pay attention to it.
4.- If a visitor came to your town, what places would you advise him to see?If a visitor came to Melilla, I’d advise him/her to see the Modernist buildings.5.- What famous person would you like to meet if you had the chance?If I had the chance, I would like to meet Sponge Bob.6.- What country would you choose if you decided to live abroad?If I decided to live abroad, I’d choose Canada.
7.- What changes would you make in your house, assuming you had the money?I would change my study room assuming I had the money.8.- What would you do if you saw a house on fire?I would call the firefighters if I saw a house on fire.
9.- What would you do if you had something stolen?If I had something stolen, I would report it to the police.10.- Which books or records would you take with you if you went to live on a desert island?I would take “One hundred years of Solitude” with me if I went to live on a desert island.
ACTIVITY 61. Since she doesnt love him, she wont marry him. 1. If she loved him, she would marry him.2. Our teacher explains things clearly, so we understand his lessons. 1. If our teacher didn’t explain things clearly, we wouldn’t understand his lessons.3. As I havent a watch, I cant tell you the time. 1. If I had a watch, I could tell you the time.
4.- Britain doesn’t export enough, so she has a constant balance of payments problems. If Britain exported enough, she wouldn’t have a constant balance of payments problems.5.- Since I know the meaning of the word, I dont have to look it up. If I didn’t know the meaning of the word, I’d have to look it up.6.- This exercise is easy, so everyone will get the correct answers.If this execise weren’t easy, nobody would get the correct answers.
7.- I know the answer so I can tell you. If I didn’t know the answer, I couldn’t tell you.8.- We havent any matches so we cant light the fire. If we had any matches, we could light the fire.
ACTIVITY 71. I would have enjoyed the party much more if THE MUSIC HAD BEEN BETTER.2. It WOULD HAVE BEEN MUCH FUNNIER if the sea hadnt been so rough.3. Would you have been able to come next Tuesday if WE HAD CHANGED THE DATE OF THE MEETING?4. If you had taken my advice, YOU WOULDN’T HAVE REGRETTED YOUR DECISION.
5.- If I had realized that you were really serious in what you said, I WOULDN’T HAVE LAUGHED AT YOU.6.- If it hadnt been for the fact that his father has influence, SHE WOULDN’T HAVE GOT HER JOB.7.- If he were to have told me the truth in the first place, I WOULDN’T HAVE LOST MY TIME TRYING TO HELP HIM.8.- Would you have lent him the money if YOU HAD KNOWN HE WANTED TO BUY ALCOHOL?
9.- What difference would it have made, even if WE HAD STUDIED FOR THE EXAM?10.- If the fire brigade had arrived but a quarter of an hour earlier, THERE WOULDN’T HAVE BEEN SO MUCH DAMAGE.11.- Im sure she wouldnt have married him if SHE HAD KNOWN HE DIDN’T HAVE SO MUCH MONEY.12.- If THEY HADN’T ARRIVED ON TIME, we would have left without them.
ACTIVITY 81. If Bob had heard about it on time, he would have joined Oliver’s expedition to Afghanistan.2. If she hadn’t changed her nationality on marriage, she would have need to have her visa extended.3. If the Hotchkisses hadn’t run out of marmalade, they wouldn’t have had apricot jam this morning.
4. If I had known Oswald was going to be present, I wouldn’t have gone there.5. If Guy had told Hazel about the girl he met at the party, Hazel would have been annoyed.6. If I had had something to do, I wouldn’t have turned on the television to watch this infantile rubbish.7. If Wilfred hadn’t suddenly been taken ill, he and his family would have gone on holiday to Greece.
8. If Miranda had seen that the customer was going out without paying, she would have rushed and stopped her.9. If Slasher Higgins hadn’t been carrying a gun when they caught him, he would have got a shorter sentence.10.If someone had told me it was your birthday, I wouldn’t have asked you to clean out the larder.11.If Percy hadn’t been playing the fool all day, we would have got more work done.
12. If Mr Gibson had married the girl he loved thirty years ago, he would have been a happier man.13. If there had been any chance of rescuing survivors, they wouldn’t have called off the search.14. If he hadn’t started running a bath and then hadn’t forgotten about it, the water wouldn’t have overflowed and we wouldn’t have had all this trouble and expense.15. If he hadn’t listened at the door of the boardroom, he wouldn’t have learnt that he was going to lose his job.
ACTIVITY 91.- If you find a skeleton in the cellar dont mention it to anyone.2.- If you pass your examination we will have a celebration.3.- What will happen if I press this button?4.- I should have voted for her if I had had a vote then.5.- If you go to Paris where will you stay?
6.- If someone offered to buy you one of those rings, which would you choose?7.- The flight may be cancelled if the fog gets thicker.8.- If the milkman comes, tell him to leave two pints.9.- Someone will sit on your glasses if you leave them there.10.- You would play better bridge if you didn’t talk so much.
11.- What will I do if I hear the burglar alarm?12.- If you had read the instructions carefully you wouldnt have answered the wrong question.13.- I could repair the roof myself if I had a long ladder.14.- Unless they turn the radio off I will go mad.15.- If you were made redundant what would you do?16.- Well have a long way to walk if we run out of petrol here.
17.- If you shake that bottle of port, it won’t be fit to drink.18.- Ill probably get lost unless he comes with me.19.- You wouldn’t have so many accidents if you drove more slowly.20.- If you had worn a false beard, nobody would have recognized you.21.- If she leaves the fish there, the cat will get it.
22.- Unless they leave a lamp beside that hole in the road somebody will fall into it.23.- Youll get pneumonia if you don’t change your wet clothes.24.- If I had known that you couldnt eat octopus I wouldn’t have bought it.25.- If they hung that picture lower people would be able to see it.26.- She would be able to walk faster if her shoes hadnt such high heels.
27.- I would have brought you some beer if I had known that you were thirsty.28.- If you had touched that electric cable you would have been electrocuted.29.- If the story hadnt been true the newspaper wouldn’t have printed it.30.- I wouldn’t buy things on the instalment system if I were you.31.- Dial 999 if you want Police, Ambulance, or Fire Brigade,
32.- You won’t be any use to me unless you learn to type.33.- If anyone attacked me, my dog would jump at his throat.34.- If he were in he would answer the phone.35.- The ship would have run aground if the pilot had made one mistake.36.- I shouldnt have taken your umbrella if I had known that it was the only one you had.