Mesopotamia

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  • Persia, The Hanging Gardens of Babylon , sixth century BCE. Accounts indicate that the garden was built by King Nebuchadnezzar II, who ruled the city for 43 years starting in 605 BCE, and that he built them to cheer up his homesick wife, Amyitis. Medes, the land she came from was green, rugged and mountainous, and she found the flat, sun-baked terrain of Mesopotamia depressing, so the king decided to recreate her homeland by building an artificial mountain with rooftop gardens. The Hanging Gardens weren't actually "hanging", but instead were "overhanging" as in the case of a terrace or balcony . The Greek geographer Strabo, who described the gardens in first century BCE, wrote, "It consists of vaulted terraces raised one above another, and resting upon cubic pillars . These are hollow and filled with earth to allow trees of the largest size to be planted. The pillars, the vaults, and terraces are constructed of baked brick and asphalt. The ascent to the highest story is by stairs, and at their side are water engines, by means of which persons, appointed expressly for the purpose, are continually employed in raising water from the Euphrates into the garden." ( Another image .)
  • Codigo hamurabi
  • Tablette ecriture precuneiforme, louv
  • 7. During the Akkad period, cuniform matured and ended its use of pictographs, and also it developed a grammer and individual perspective. Here is such a tablet with a message signed, "Your loving wife who has had a child."
  • Cilindro sello louv
  • Relief ur nanshe louv
  • Intendente mari, louv
  • Gudea louv
  • Estela naran sin librito mesopot
  • Estela de los butires de lagash librito mesopot
  • Relieve parietal de ninive, librito mesopot, deportacion de pueblos vencidos
  • Relieve parietal del palacio de Assurbanipal de Ninive
  • Dying lion
  • Dying lion
  • A lion leaping…
  • Asurbanipal cazando leon no se museo
  • Colossal winged…
  • Mesopotamia

    1. 1. MESOPOTAMIA
    2. 2. MESOPOTAMIA. CONTEXTO HISTÓRICO-CULTURAL <ul><li>¿Qué son los Imperios Agrarios? </li></ul><ul><li>Marco geográfico: el Creciente fértil </li></ul><ul><li>La importancia de los ríos </li></ul><ul><li>Son la cuna de la civilización </li></ul><ul><li>Se asientan sobre bases neolíticas </li></ul>El río Tigris
    3. 3. <ul><li>La palabra “mesopotamia” </li></ul><ul><li>Llanura fértil y rica </li></ul><ul><li>Cronología: desde el cuarto-tercer milenio antes de Cristo hasta el año 500 a C </li></ul><ul><li>Aparece citada en la Biblia + en documentos griegos, egipcios, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>No fue nunca un “país unido”, sino un conjunto de pueblos muy diversos: sumerios, acadios… </li></ul>
    4. 5. Los mesopotámicos fueron los primeros en: <ul><li>Desarrollar la agricultura </li></ul><ul><li>El comercio </li></ul><ul><li>La escritura </li></ul><ul><li>El derecho: los primeros textos legales </li></ul><ul><li>Las primeras crónicas militares </li></ul><ul><li>Los primeros conocimientos científicos </li></ul><ul><li>La invención de la rueda </li></ul><ul><li>Y DESARROLLARON UNA BRILLANTE CIVILIZACIÓN, EQUIPARABLE A EGIPTO </li></ul>
    5. 8. Babilonia
    6. 9. El Código de Hammurabi
    7. 10. Mesopotamia: el origen de la escritura
    8. 11. El origen de la escritura: PICTOGRAMAS ligados al comercio y a la agricultura. Los pictogramas son dibujos utilizados para simbolizar una palabra o una frase
    9. 12. Con el tiempo, los pictogramas van evolucionando y surge la escritura CUNEIFORME: “forma de cuña”
    10. 14. Tablilla matemática sumeria
    11. 15. El primer alfabeto, Ugarit
    12. 16. Escribas mesopotámicos
    13. 19. CILINDRO SELLLO
    14. 20. CILINDRO SELLLO

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