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Hacktivism

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  • 1. No se permite el uso de diccionario ni de ningún otro material II. LEXICON / PHONETICS [2 points] didáctico. Las preguntas deberán ser respondidas en inglés A. LEXICON (1 point; 0.25 for each correct answer). Find words or Duración de la prueba: 1 h y 30 minutos Esta hoja no se corrige phrases in the text that mean the same as these given: 1. tendency 2. expand, continueHACKTIVISM 3. instruments, gadgets 4. the act of bringing out or starting somethingWithin the past couple of years there has been an increasingly evidenttrend of political and environmental activists turning to the Internet as a B. PHONETICS (1 point; 0.25 for each correct answer).platform for making protests. Although incidents of hacktivism stretch 1. Write a word from the text that includes the sound /:/back over the last fifteen years or more, in the last couple of years they 2. Is the –ed ending in “dubbed” voiced /d/, voiceless /t/ or is ithave become more frequent and had increasingly damaging effects. pronounced /d/?These people, who for ideological reasons deliberately interfere with 3. Write a word from the text that includes the sound /:/online data and services, have been dubbed hacktivists. 4. Write a word from the text that includes the sound /ə/Unlike the work of the hacker, who is usually associated with criminalactivity, especially the illicit transfer of money or sensitive information, III. USE OF ENGLISH [3 points; 0.5 for each correct answer]hacktivism operates just within the boundaries of legality, exploiting the Rewrite the following sentences starting with the words givenconcept of freedom of speech. The hacktivist uses the same digital tools and keeping the original meaning:as the hacker, but does so in order to bring attention to a political or 1. I last visited Cairo when I was 25. I have…ideological cause. 2. I’m sure it rained heavily last night. It must …Among the techniques used by hacktivists are the unsolicited 3. Your laptop is even worse than my PC. My PC isn’t …modification of a websites home page to display a highly visiblemessage, or the launch of what is called a denial of service attack. Often 4. I don’t feel like staying here. I’d rather …called a DoS for short, a denial of service attack is the temporary loss of 5. Did I lock the car? I don’t think so I think I forgot …network connectivity and services such as e-mail, which in some casescan cause a website accessed by millions to temporarily shut down. Write the correct question for the underlined words: 6. It’s grown two inches since the last time you saw it.I. READING COMPREHENSION. [2 points; 0.5 for each correctanswer]. Add TRUE or FALSE and copy evidence from the IV. COMPOSITION [3 points]. Write a composition of abouttext to support your answer. NO MARKS are given for only 120 words on ONE of the following topics. SPECIFY YOURTRUE or FALSE. OPTION: 1. Hacktivism didn’t use to be so dangerous as it is nowadays. Write a letter to your friend, who lives alone and hates pets, 2. Hacktivism is against the law. asking him/her to take care of your dog while you are away 3. Hactivists and hackers have similar targets. for a few days. Be convincing. 4. Hacktivists can alter the looks of an internet webpage. Write a funny anecdote about an embarrassing moment.

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