Gothic art


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  • exterior length of 476 feet (145 metres)—23 feet (7 metres) longer than Reims Cathedral and 49 feet (15 metres)longer than Chartres Cathedral—with an interior length of 438 feet (133.5 metres). The soaring nave reaches an elevation of 139 feet (42.3 metres) at the apex of the vault, yet it is only 48 feet (14.6 metres) wide.
  • See Scott 2 to go over the terms of the floor plan: nave, porch etc.
  • Gothic art

    1. 1. Gothic Art“Let there belight!”
    2. 2. Spread of Gothic:black 12th Century, red 13th-14th centuries
    3. 3. The Reach of Gothic
    4. 4. Gothic Architecture• St. Denis in France 1stexample of EarlyGothic• Religious art, likeRomanesque, but alsoa symbol of power andwealth for the town• Not only cathedrals,but also castles,palaces, town halls,and universities• Cathedral becamecenter of the city• Not only for religiousrites, but also for guildmeetings andmunicipal government(before construction oftown hall)• Rivalries betweencities to see who couldbuild the biggest andhighest cathedral
    5. 5. The Abbey of St. Denis• St. Denis patron saintof France• First major stucturebuilt (partially) inGothic style• Construction began in1136• Burial site for manyFrench Monarchs• Located just north ofParis
    6. 6. St. Denis Ambulatory
    7. 7. Transition at Vezelay: Early Gothic choir showerslight on Romanesque Nave
    8. 8. Characteristics ofGothic Architecture• Pointed arch• Ribbed vault• Flying buttresses• Bigger windows• Taller buildings(stretched,verticality)• Rose window• Appeal to emotions,dramatic
    9. 9. Amiens (476 feet long, 139 feet high)
    10. 10. Amiens closer views
    11. 11. Left: Saint-Sernin, Toulouse, Romanesque PilgrimageChurch, c. 1080-1120Right: Notre-Dame, Amiens, French Gothic Cathedral,begun 1220NaveTranseptChoirAmbulatory
    12. 12. Romanesque vs. Gothic(Abbey of St. Etienne, Caen)Nave (1064-1120) Choir (c. 1200)MainarcadeTriforiumClerestoryVaulting
    13. 13. Some Gothic Styles• Early Gothic beginning around 1140 (St.Denis).• High Gothic/Rayonnant (St. Chapelle,Paris, 1248)• Perpendicular (choir of Gloucestercathedral, begun 1330), unique to England• Flamboyant (St. Maclou, Rouen,1500-14)
    14. 14. Rayonnant: St. ChapelleRayonnant (called Decorated Gothic in England)was characterized by the application ofincreasingly elaborate geometrical decoration
    15. 15. More St. ChapelleRayonnant style• After 1250, Gothic architects were more concerned with thecreation of visual effects through decoration.• Pinnacles (upright members, often spired, that capped piers,buttresses, or other exterior elements),• Moldings• Window tracery(Some classify this as Flamboyant)• Rose Window
    16. 16. FlamboyantIn France the Rayonnant styleevolved about 1280 into amore decorative phase calledthe Flamboyant style.Dominant feature in stone windowtracery of a flame-like S-shaped curve.Wall space was reduced tominimumAlmost continuous expanse ofglass and tracery.St. Maclou (Rouen) 15-16th Centuries
    17. 17. St. Severin-St. Nicholas (Paris)15th Century
    18. 18. Leuven, Belgium Town Hall15th Century
    19. 19. Milan Cathedral (Duomo)The biggest and greatest late gothic architecture in Italy.1386-1577, west front 1616-1813
    20. 20. MilanCathedralFlyingButtress• Give horizontalstrength to thewall• Means wallscan havebiggerwindows, moredetail
    21. 21. Gothic Sculpture• Mostly religious:• Crucifixion of Christ• and Virgin with Child• To educate citizens• Figures more realistic and naturalthan in Romanesque• Curved and lines, movement• Expression of emotion• Mostly rock, some wood• Choir seating, tombs, gargoyles
    22. 22. Gothic Painting• Murals loose importance(except in Italy)• Painting over wood →Painted altarpieces• Religious subjects, alsopotraits• Movement of figures• Richness of colors• Use of gold• Introduction of background• Realism