The ArchitecturalStyles of CanterburyCathedralBy Hermógenes Ruiz Ruiz
The Origins of Canterbury Cathedral• St. Augustine, the 1stArchbishop ofCanterbury, arrived onthe coast of Kent as amissionary to Englandin 597 AD.• He established hisseat within the Romancity walls and built thefirst cathedral there.
The Crypt• 11th Century- the oldest existing part ofthe Cathedral.• Early Romanesque in style• The largest of its period in the country
Characteristics of RomanesqueArchitecture• Massive, solid,strong• The building issupported by itswalls, or sections ofwalls called piers(not buttresses)• Columns (often“paired”)• Alternation of piersand columns• Thick walls
Characteristics of RomanesqueArchitecture• Semicircular(arched) doors andwindows. InCanterbury, wecan see thebeginnings of thepointed arch.• Barrel and Groinvaults (as seenhere).• Dark, simplisticinteriors• Small windows
Characteristics of Gothic Architecture• Use of pointedarch• Groin vaults• Buttresses andflying buttresse• Thinner walls• Large windows• Taller buildings• Luminous interiorsNave of Canterbury CathedralNave of Canterbury Cathedral
Characteristics of GothicArchitecture (Exterior)• Use of thepointed arch• Buttresses andflyingbuttresses• Large windows• Thinner walls• Taller buildings
Other Very Important Elements• Few people were able to read orwrite in the Middle Ages• Paintings and windows told thestories of the Bible and saints inpictures• Monks could explain them topilgrims
Romanesque Wall Painting• Large flat walls leadto murals• Colorful• Inspired by mosaicsand illuminatedmanuscripts• The most popularthemes were Christ,Virgin Mary, church’ssaint, and scenesfrom Bible
Gothic StainedGlass• Stained glass usedin large windows• Illuminated theinterior of thecathedral• Rich in colors• They used Realism,movement andbackgroundlandscape
Exterior of the CathedralOn the left side we can see thecharacteristics of Gothicstyle.On the right side we can seethe characteristics ofRomanesque style withsome Gothic elements.