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The heart and lungs
 

The heart and lungs

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    The heart and lungs The heart and lungs Presentation Transcript

    • Unit 5a: Keeping HealthyThe Heart and Lungs Key Stage 2: Year 5 Science by Mrs. Chapman, 2005 Greet School, Birmingham
    • Introduction 1 The human body 2 What does the heart do? 3 Heart key facts 4 Heart health 5 What do the lungs do? 6 Lungs key facts 7 The circulation 8 Pulse and exercise 9 Pulse rate data 10 How do I look after them? Heart and lungs quiz Links for further studyUnit 5a Keeping Healthy: The Heart and Lungs Year 5 Science by Mrs. Chapman
    • The human body • Your body is very special. • We need to look after our bodies to stay healthy. • Although we may look still and quiet on the outside, our body is constantly moving and changing inside. • Can you find the brain, the heart and the lungs? Back to Introduction
    • What does the heart do?• Your heart, made of muscle, pumps blood around your body via blood vessels (tubes).• The heart is inside your chest, protected by bones - the ribs and breast bone.• When the heart pumps, it beats - we measure the heartbeat via the pulse - easily found on your wrist and neck.• Blood carries oxygen to the parts of the body that need it. Back to Introduction
    • Heart key facts• Your heart is about the size of your fist.• In most adults it beats about 70 times a minute (70 bpm).• In children and small animals, the heart beats faster.• The first heart transplant was in 1967.• You cannot normally live for more than 5 minutes if your heart stops beating.• Heart disease is the number 1 killer in the western world!• Doctors examine your heart by taking the pulse (to see how fast it’s beating), ECGs (special electrical rhythm charts), x-rays and scans including ultrasound (like an unborn baby scan). Back to Introduction
    • Heart health Heart on chest x-rayMan having a chest x-rayUltrasound output ECG graph output Back to Introduction
    • What do the lungs do?• Your lungs receive the air you breathe in through your nose.• When you breathe in, the lungs puff- out or inflate, and deflate when you breathe out.• From the air, they take the useful part - oxygen (a gas), and convert it for use in the body via the bloodstream.• The blood swaps carbon dioxide (the waste material) for oxygen in the lungs. This is why the lungs are often said to convert gases. Back to Introduction
    • Lungs key facts• You have 2 lungs.• Your lungs are protected by your ribcage.• Close-up, they look like a wet sponge.• The left lung is smaller - to accommodate your heart (see the x-ray showing the heart).• Your lungs are particularly vulnerable to breathing-in nasty substances - toxic chemicals, smoke from fires and cigarette smoke all damage your lungs. Back to Introduction
    • The circulation• Blood (with oxygen and nutrients) goes round our bodies via the heart. We call this circulation (from the word ‘circle’).• The heart sends blood to the lungs first to collect the oxygen from the air we’ve just breathed- in, then it goes to where it’s needed (this is shown in red).• The blood then returns to the lungs via the heart (this is shown in blue) with carbon dioxide - the gas that we breathe out.• This is described as a figure of ‘8’. Back to Introduction
    • Pulse and exercise• When you exercise parts • What parts of the body of your body need an need an increased blood increased blood supply supply when running? (more oxygen and nutrients) so your heart • Take your resting pulse beats faster. and produce a bar chart• You also breathe faster - of your group’s results. to get more oxygen into • What is the most your lungs, and to get rid common range for pulse? of the carbon dioxide.• You also get hot and sometimes flushed (or red faced). Back to Introduction
    • Pulse rate data After 2 min After 1 min Miss B Mr A Mr s CJumping Rest 0 100 20 0 Back to Introduction
    • How do I look after them?By doing exercise regularly: • How can we check• our hearts get fitter and bigger - better at pumping blood and that exercise is good not needing to work so hard or for our hearts or fast. lungs?• our lungs get stronger and have increased capacity so we • What else could we are able to take in more check to see if oxygen in a single breath. exercise is good for• we will feel healthier. us? Back to Introduction
    • Heart and Lungs QuizAre they True or False?• Your heart pumps blood around your body.• The heartbeat of smaller animals and children is slower than adults or big animals.• Your blood carries carbon dioxide to all the parts that need it .• Your lungs exchange gases.• Blood travels around the body in a figure of ‘8’.• Your pulse tells you how much air you are breathing.• Athletes have a slower resting pulse than unfit people.• The ribs are bones that protect the heart and lungs.• Exercise and eating healthily are good for your heart. Back to Introduction
    • Heart and Lungs Quiz• Your heart pumps blood around your body. – True• The heartbeat of smaller animals and children is slower than adults or big animals. – False – the smaller the animal the faster the heartbeat .• Your blood carries carbon dioxide to all the parts that need it . – False – the blood carries oxygen to all the parts that need it.• Your lungs exchange gases. – True• Blood travels around the body in a figure of ‘8’. – True• Your pulse tells you how much air you are breathing. – False – pulse tells us how fast your heart is beating.• Athletes have a slower resting pulse than unfit people. – True• The ribs are bones that protect the heart and lungs. – True• Exercise and eating healthily are good for your heart. – True Back to Introduction
    • Useful links for further study• http://www.schoolscience.co.uk/content/4/biology/abpi/heart/index.html Back to Introduction