Antonio Vivaldi

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Antonio Vivaldi

  1. 1. ANTONIO VIVALDI 1678-1748
  2. 2. ANTONIO VIVALDI ivaldi was born on March 4, 1678 in Venice, Italy. rdained for priesthood in 1703 but ceased to say Mass due to health issues.
  3. 3. CHILDHOOD ivaldi was taught at violin at a young age by his father, Giovanni Battista Vivaldi. ntonio Vivaldi was the oldest of nine children ather and son toured Venice together playing the violin. ntered priesthood in 1693 but left in 1706 due to asthma (some say it was his interest and musical aspirations that lead to his withdrawal from the church).
  4. 4. ADULTHOOD 703, Vivaldi became maestro di violino at the Pio Ospedale della Pietà, a home for orphaned, abandoned, and indigent girls. he Pietà specialized in the teaching of music to girls. ivaldi was in charge of teaching the music, taking care of the instruments, and acquiring new ones.
  5. 5. LATER YEARS ivaldi was promoted to maestro de’ concert in 1716. t was during these years the Vivaldi wrote much of his music, including many operas and concertos. ivaldi began to travel in 1718. It as during this time that he wrote his music. ietà paid him to write two concerto’s a month for the orchestra and to rehearse with the orchestra at least four times when in Venice.
  6. 6. EARLY WORKS BY VIVALDI ivaldi soon became popular after leaving the church due to the first publications of his compositions. is earliest works include trio sonatas, written in 1703-1705. iolin sonatas soon followed in publication in 1709. is reputation grew dramatically after his violin sonatas and especially after his 12 concertos l’Estro armonico (Harmonic Inspiration) op.3 in 1711.
  7. 7. MORE WORKS BY VIVALDI ratorio • Moyses Deus Pharaonis, RV 643 - 1714 • Juditha triumphans devicta Holofernes barbarie, RV 644 - 1716 • L'adorazione delli tre re magi al bambino Gesù nella capanna di Betlemme, RV 645 - 1722 • La vittoria navale predetta dal S Pontefice Pio V Ghisilieri, RV 782 - 1713
  8. 8. MORE WORKS BY VIVALDI pera • • • • • • Ottone in villa, RV 729 - 1713 Orlando finto pazzo, RV 727 - 1714 La verità in cimento, RV 739 - 1720 Siroe, re di Persia, RV 735 - 1727 Rosilena ed Oronta, RV 720 - 1728 La fida ninfa, RV 714 - 1732
  9. 9. MORE WORKS BY VIVALDI olo Concertos • "La Primavera" (The Four Seasons), op. 8 no. 1, RV 269 - E Major • "Il favorito", op. 11 no. 2, RV 277 - e minor • "Il corneto da posta", RV 363 - B flat Major • "L'autunno", op. 8 no. 3, RV 293 - F Major
  10. 10. “THE FOUR SEASONS” The Four Seasons” (“Le quattro stagioni”) was written in 1723, said to be Vivaldi’s best-known work and is among the most popular pieces of Baroque Music. he concertos were first published in 1725 as a part of twelve. ach “season” has three parts, fast-slow-fast. he seasons each have their different textures used to depict the different seasons. Vivaldi wrote four sonnets that are to be read with the four concertos.
  11. 11. “SPRING” SPRING llegro Springtime is upon us. The birds celebrate her return with festive song, and murmuring streams are softly caressed by the breezes. Thunderstorms, those heralds of Spring, roar, casting their dark mantle over heaven, Then they die away to silence, and the birds take up their charming songs once more. argo On the flower-strewn meadow, with leafy branches rustling overhead, the goat-herd sleeps, his faithful dog beside him. llegro Led by the festive sound of rustic bagpipes, nymphs and shepherds lightly dance beneath the brilliant canopy of spring.
  12. 12. “SUMMER” SUMME R llegro non molto Under a hard Season, fired up by the Sun Languishes man, languishes the flock and burns the pine We hear the cuckoo's voice; then sweet songs of the turtledove and finch are heard. Soft breezes stir the air... but threatening north wind sweeps them suddenly aside. The shepherd trembles, fearing violent storms and his fate. dagio e piano - Presto e forte The fear of lightning and fierce thunder Robs his tired limbs of rest As gnats and flies buzz furiously around. resto Alas, his fears were justified The Heavens thunders and roar and majestically Cuts the head off the wheat and damages the grain.
  13. 13. “AUTUMN” llegro Celebrates the peasant, with songs and dances, The pleasure of a bountiful harvest. And fired up by Bacchus' liquor, many end their revelry in sleep. dagio molto Everyone is made to forget their cares and to sing and dance By the air which is tempered with pleasure And (by) the season that invites so many, many Out of their sweetest slumber to fine enjoyment llegro The hunters emerge at the new dawn, And with horns and dogs and guns depart upon their hunting The beast flees and they follow its trail; Terrified and tired of the great noise Of guns and dogs, the beast, wounded, threatens Languidly to flee, but harried, dies. AUTUMN
  14. 14. “WINTER” WINTER llegro non molto Shivering, frozen mid the frosty snow in biting, stinging winds; running to and fro to stamp one's icy feet, teeth chattering in the bitter chill. argo To rest contentedly beside the hearth, while those outside are drenched by pouring rain. llegro We tread the icy path slowly and cautiously, for fear of tripping and falling. Then turn abruptly, slip, crash on the ground and, rising, hasten on across the ice lest it cracks up. We feel the chill north winds course through the home despite the locked and bolted doors... this is winter, which nonetheless brings its own delights.
  15. 15. RITORNELLO FORM ivaldi was said to be the inventor of the Ritornello Form. itornello Form is an instrumental interlude during early 17th century opera.
  16. 16. “GLORIA”  Most famous sacred work by Vivaldi  11 movements in contrasting tempos  Multiple textures, melodies & rhythms  For chorus, orchestra & soloists  Great example of late Baroque sacred music GLORIA
  17. 17. ANTONIO VIVALDI ivaldi died on July 28, 1741, while on a trip to Vienna. e was given a paupers burial.

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