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Alfonso vi

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  • 1. Index Chronology………………………………………pg 1,2 Biography…………………………………………pg 3,4 Family tree……………………………………….pg 5 Vocabulary……………………………………….pg 6
  • 2. CHRONOLOGY1040: Alfonso VI was born.1065: His father died (Fernando I) and he received the kingdom of Leon.1068: Sancho II of Castile (Alfonso’s brother) defeated him in the batles of Llantada.1070: Alfonso vi was dethroned by hes brother Sancho II and banished to Toledo.1072: Sancho II was killed and Alfonso VI was recognised king of Castile and Leon.1085: He reconquered Guadalajara, Salamanca and Toledo and proclamed himself “emperor of the two religions”. He also donated Silos “el Vico de San Martín”.1086: Almoravids arrived to Spain. Batle of Sagrajas (Zalaca), Alfonso VI was defeated.1088: Almoravids disembarked again and besieged Aledo, but they lost. 1
  • 3. 1091: Third try of the Almoravids, which finished with the occupation of the taifas and the definitive assent of the almoravid power.1093: Alfonso VI conquered Santarem (Portugal) and the king of Badajoz gave him Lisboa in exchange for help against the almoravids. He repopulated Olmedo (Valladolid).1097: Batles of Consuegra.1099: Alfonso VI donated “ La Rinconada de Perales” to the archbishop of Toledo.1108: Batles of Ucles.1109: Alfonso VI died. 2
  • 4. Biography (?, 1040-Toledo, 1109) King of Castile and León, Spain. After the death of his father,Fernando I, in 1065, Alfonso received the Kingdom of León, which his brother Sancho, who had received Castile opposed. Alfonso was defeated at Llantada in 1068, and at Golpejera, in 1072, and was forced into exile along with his brother García.The death of Sancho, murdered while he harassed his sister Urraca in Zamora, Alfonso was called to be crowned King, but before he had to do, at the instigation of theCastilian nobility led by Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar, el CID, an oath by which he swore that he hadn’t been related to the death of his brother. In 1085, Alfonso VI managed to take possession of Toledo, which gave him great prestige. However, the kingdoms of taifa of Badajoz and Sevilla was called to his aid to the Almoravids from North Africa, which defeated Alfonso VI at the battle of Sagrajas in 1086, military action which meant the starting point a difficult stage that marked the last years of his reign. 3
  • 5.  But in 1088, Almoravids disembarked again and besieged Aledo, bur they didn’ t have the same luck, and lost the batle. In 1091 was the third try of the Almoravids, which finished with the ocupation of the taifas and the definitive assent of the Almoravid power. 4
  • 6. = Wedding FAMILY TREE Alfonso IV Ramiro II Ordoño IV Ordoño III Sancho I Fernando I Sancha Vermudo II Ramiro III Sancho II Alfonso VI Alfonso V García “the strong” “the brave” “the noble”Raimundo Urraca Vermudo IIIde Borgoña Alfonso VII “the emperor”
  • 7. VOCABULARY Aid: help ayuda Archbishop: a bishop of the highest rank arzobispo Banish: send into exile desterrar Besiege: surround a place with armed forces sitiar Disembark: leave a ship, aircraft, or train desembarcar Exile: the state of being barred from one’s native country exiliado Harass: subject to constant interference of bullyng/ make attacks on acosar Instigation instigación Led: past of lead: be ahead of or superior to a competitor dirigido Manage: be able to cope gestionar Murder: kill illegally and deliberately asesinar Oath: a solemn promise ensuring that something is true juramento Stage: a point or step in a process etapa Swore: past of swear: promise solemnly or on oath jurar

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