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Islam

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Published in: Education, Spiritual

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Transcript

  • 1. Islam
    • Ana Aquino
    • Gabriela Schenk
    • Melissa Delgado
  • 2. Location
    • Islam is a global religion.
    • Indonesia has the highest population of Islamic faithful (150+ million), and India, Pakistan and Bangladesh each have more than 100 million devotees.
    • The Islamic holy sites are in the Middle East, with Mecca (in Saudi Arabia) considered as the most sacred spot.
    • Millions of Muslims make pilgrimage (Haj) to Mecca every year. Some hold this trip as a life long dream. Practicing Muslims pray 5 times per day, they face Mecca when they pray.
  • 3. The Qur'an are the words of God.
      • Is the holy book for Muslims.
      • Was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad by God in Arabic. This revelations are regarded by Muslims as the sacred word of God, intended to correct any errors in previous holy books such as the Old and New Testaments. Its name is often spelled "Koran" in English. Some Muslims find it offensive.
      • There are 114 chapters in the book written in the old Arabic dialect.
  • 4. The hadith
    • Is a record of the words and deeds of the Prophet Muhammad, his family, and his companions.
    • Is an important source of doctrine, law, and practice. Has been studied in Muslim religious colleges since the Middle Ages by both male and female scholars.
    • Each Hadith consists of two parts: the tradition itself, or matn (the words of the Prophet) and the isnad (chain of authorities).
  • 5. Basic Practices of Islam
    • The "five pillars" of Islam: In Islam, a verbal declaration of faith is not enough, for belief in Allah makes obedience to Him a duty. Muslims consider everything they do in life to be an act of worship, if it is done according to Allah's guidance. There are also five formal acts of worship which help strengthen a Muslim's faith and obedience. They are often called the "Five Pillars of Islam."
    • Testimony of faith ( Kalima )
    • Prayer ( Salat )
    • Almsgiving ( Zakat )
    • Fasting ( Sawm )
    • Pilgrimage ( Hajj )
  • 6.
    • Kalima
    • “ La ilaha illa Allah wa-Muhammad rasul Allah”
    • Salat
    • Five times a day: at dawn, midday, afternoon, sunset, and evening. Washing hands, face, and feet. This can be done with sand when water is not available.
    • Allahu Akbar Ashadu anna la ilaha illa Allah Ashadu anna Muhammadan rasul Allah Haiya 'ala al-salat Haiya 'ala al-falah Al-salat khayrun min al-nawm Allahu Akbar La ilaha illa Allah
  • 7.