Betty Neuman SYSTEMS MODEL
Betty Neuman
Betty Neuman <ul><li>Born 1924 near Lowell, Ohio </li></ul><ul><li>1947,received RN Diploma from Peoples  Hospital School ...
 
Betty Neuman <ul><li>1966, received BS in Nursing in UCLA </li></ul><ul><li>In 1972 her model was first published as a “Mo...
Neuman’s Systems Model “ Health is a condition in which all parts and subparts are in harmony with the whole of the client.”
Neuman’s Systems Model <ul><li>Influences of Systems Model </li></ul>- the philosophy of writers such as deChardin  - Gest...
Neuman’s Systems Model <ul><li>Goal of the Systems Theory </li></ul><ul><li>to provide a holistic overview of the physiolo...
Neuman’s Systems Model Neuman’s Model and Nursing Metaparadign - PERSON <ul><li>The person is a layered multidimensional b...
CORE Lines of Resistance Normal Line of Defense Flexible Line of Defense CORE Normal Line of Defense Normal Line of Defens...
Neuman’s Systems Model <ul><li>Stressors </li></ul><ul><li>Intrapersonal  – occur within person </li></ul><ul><li>Interper...
Neuman’s Systems Model <ul><li>Primary </li></ul><ul><li>- occurs before the system reacts to a stressor </li></ul><ul><li...
Neuman’s Systems Model Neuman’s Model and Nursing Metaparadign - Environment <ul><li>can be internal, external, and create...
Neuman’s Systems Model Neuman’s Model and Nursing Metaparadign - Health <ul><li>dynamic condition </li></ul><ul><li>equate...
Neuman’s Systems Model Neuman’s Model and Nursing Metaparadign - Nursing <ul><li>a unique profession that requires holisti...
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Betty Neuman Systems Model

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Betty Neuman Systems Model

  1. 1. Betty Neuman SYSTEMS MODEL
  2. 2. Betty Neuman
  3. 3. Betty Neuman <ul><li>Born 1924 near Lowell, Ohio </li></ul><ul><li>1947,received RN Diploma from Peoples Hospital School of Nursing, Akron, Ohio </li></ul><ul><li>1957, she attended University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) with double major in psychology and public health </li></ul>
  4. 5. Betty Neuman <ul><li>1966, received BS in Nursing in UCLA </li></ul><ul><li>In 1972 her model was first published as a “Model for teaching total person approach to patient problems” in Nursing Research. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1985 she received her doctorate in Clinical Psychology from Pacific Western University. </li></ul><ul><li>1988, received second honorary doctorate - this one from Grand Valley State University, Allendale, Michigan. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Neuman’s Systems Model “ Health is a condition in which all parts and subparts are in harmony with the whole of the client.”
  6. 7. Neuman’s Systems Model <ul><li>Influences of Systems Model </li></ul>- the philosophy of writers such as deChardin - Gestalt theory - General Adaptation Syndrome - General Systems Theory
  7. 8. Neuman’s Systems Model <ul><li>Goal of the Systems Theory </li></ul><ul><li>to provide a holistic overview of the physiological, psychological, sociocultural and developmental aspects of human beings. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Neuman’s Systems Model Neuman’s Model and Nursing Metaparadign - PERSON <ul><li>The person is a layered multidimensional being. Each layer consists of five person variables or subsystems. </li></ul><ul><li>- Physical / Physiological </li></ul><ul><li>- Psychological </li></ul><ul><li>- Socio-cultural </li></ul><ul><li>- Developmental </li></ul><ul><li>- Spiritual </li></ul>
  9. 10. CORE Lines of Resistance Normal Line of Defense Flexible Line of Defense CORE Normal Line of Defense Normal Line of Defense Normal Line of Defense
  10. 11. Neuman’s Systems Model <ul><li>Stressors </li></ul><ul><li>Intrapersonal – occur within person </li></ul><ul><li>Interpersonal – occur between individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Extrapersonal – occur outside the individual </li></ul>
  11. 12. Neuman’s Systems Model <ul><li>Primary </li></ul><ul><li>- occurs before the system reacts to a stressor </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary </li></ul><ul><li>- occurs after the system reacts to a stressor </li></ul><ul><li>Tertiary </li></ul><ul><li>- occurs after the system has been treated through </li></ul><ul><li>secondary prevention strategies. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Neuman’s Systems Model Neuman’s Model and Nursing Metaparadign - Environment <ul><li>can be internal, external, and created force (stressors) that interacts with a person’s state of health </li></ul><ul><li>has the potential to alter or improve stability of systems </li></ul>
  13. 14. Neuman’s Systems Model Neuman’s Model and Nursing Metaparadign - Health <ul><li>dynamic condition </li></ul><ul><li>equated with stability of normal line of defense </li></ul><ul><li>- Wellness exists when all the part or system of person works harmoniously </li></ul>
  14. 15. Neuman’s Systems Model Neuman’s Model and Nursing Metaparadign - Nursing <ul><li>a unique profession that requires holistic approach – considers all factors affecting a client’s health </li></ul><ul><li>aims to promote optimal wellness to its client through retention, attainment, or maintenance of the stability of client’s system </li></ul>
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