Fundamental principles of Olympism: a mechanism for human rights promotion
The Fundamental Principles of
- a mechanism for human rights promotion -
Les Jeux Olympiques se celebrent tous les
quatre ans. Ils reunissent les amateurs de
toutes les nations, sur un pied d’egalite aussi
parfait que possible.
(Olympic Charter, 1923)
1. The Olympic Games are held every four
years and assemble amateurs of all nations
in fair and equal competition under
conditions which are to be as perfect as
possible. No discrimination is allowed
against any country or person on grounds of
colour, religion or politics.
(Olympic Charter, 1949)
4. The aims of the Olympic Movement are to
promote the development of those fine
physical and moral qualities that come
from contests on the friendly fields of
amateur sport and to bring together the
youth of the world in a great quadrennial
sport festival, thereby creating international
respect and goodwill, and helping to
construct a better and more peaceful
(Olympic Charter, 1958:9)
What is Fair Play if it is not dignity and
self-respect? Human dignity as it is
defined in the Charter of Human Rights.
Each one of us, every person on this
Earth, possesses this dignity, not
acquired at the price of some
naturally inherent to mankind. It exists
independently of social rank, position or
wealth. It cannot cease to exist, but must
constantly re-assert itself .
(Juan Antonio Samaranch in IOC 88th Session, 1984:40)
8 - The practice of sport is a human right.
individual must have the possibility of
sport in accordance with his or her needs.
(Olympic Charter, 1996:9)
Does the philosophy of Olympism
extend to the project of
human rights promotion?