Land 'Grabbing' in the Nile Basin and implications for the regional water security
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Land 'Grabbing' in the Nile Basin and implications for the regional water security

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  • Spikes in global food prices (and fuel) – race for FDI
  • A speculative bubble is usually caused by exaggerated expectations of future growth, price appreciation, or other events that could cause an increase in asset values.

Transcript

  • 1. Land 'grabbing' in the Nile Basin and implications for the regional water security Ana Elisa Cascão UEA Water Security and ICID seminar London, 4 November 2011
  • 2. Foreign Land Acquisitions in the Nile Basin
    • Nile Basin: Land and water available
    • Huge agricultural potential – ‘breadbasket’ phenomen
    • Land Acquisitions: not a new reality
    • 2008: Global tipping point in the foreign land acquistions
  • 3. Land, water and crop deals
    • Who are the dealers?
    • Foreign investors (private and public): Gulf countries, India, China, US and EU - and Egypt
    • ‘ National’ investors : agri-business companies, diaspora, etc
    • National governments: federal and regional level
  • 4. What is in the contracts?
    • Long-term land leases (50 to 100 years)
    • Cheap land: at a price of less than USD 2 per hectare/year
    • Low taxes
    • Access to fertile land
    • Often access to existing infrastructures
    • Free access to the water resources ( KEY)
  • 5. What are the dimensions? Saudi Star/ Al-Amoudi The company: Ethiopia-Saudi joint venture Location: Alwero/Abobo, irrigation potential S ize: 140,000 ha Production: Mainly rice Impacts? Trade-offs Karuturi The company: world's top 25 agri-businesses Location: Baro banks Size: 100,000 ha(and further 200,000 ha) Production: Palm oil (20,000), Sugar cane (15,000), 40,000 ( rice and cereals) Impacts? many
      • GAMBELLA REGION IN WESTERN ETHIOPIA (since 2009):
      • 1 million hectares leased, nearly a quarter of its farmland, to 896 companies
  • 6. ‘ Land Grab’ or Development Opportunity?
  • 7. Speculative bubble? Or real agricultural expansion in the Nile Basin?
  • 8. Agricultural expasion upstream and implications for the regional water security in the Nile Baro River Akobo River Sobat River Gilo River White Nile River
  • 9. Impacts in the regional ‘water security’
    • Water flow regimes
    • Environmental impacts (deforestation, soil, sedimentation, etc)
    • National and Regional Food security
    • Impacts on water allocations
    • Balance of power between Nile riparians
    • Change in the bargaining positions?
  • 10. Land ‘grabbing’ and Water Security Web
  • 11. Thanks for your attention! [email_address]