Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
  • Like
Cascao Evora Sharing Transboundary Waters Power Mena Region
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Now you can save presentations on your phone or tablet

Available for both IPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Cascao Evora Sharing Transboundary Waters Power Mena Region

  • 579 views
Published

 

Published in Education , Technology , Business
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
579
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2

Actions

Shares
Downloads
11
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Sharing transboundary waters in the context of asymmetrical power relations: lessons from the MENA region ANA ELISA CASCÃO UNESCO-IHP HELP PROGRAM SEMINAR KCL /London Water Research Group Évora, 24-26 June 2009
  • 2. MENA region: 3 major transboundary river basins NILE BASIN 10 riparian states JORDAN BASIN Nile 5 riparian states Jordan Tigris-Euphrates TIGRIS-EUPHRATES BASIN 3 riparian states COMPLEX COMPLEX [HYDRO] HYDROLOGY POLITICS
  • 3. MENA river basins: Power Asymmetries 4 PILLARS OF POWER Material Bargaining Ideational Geography power power power Zeitoun and Warner, 2006 London Water Research Group
  • 4. MENA river basins: Asymmetric power relations Nile Basin ETHIOPIA SUDAN EGYPT Material Ideational Ideational Geography power power power Bargaining Material Bargaining Geography power power power Material Bargaining Ideational Geography power power power Tigris-Euphrates Basin TURKEY SYRIA IRAQ Material Ideational Material Bargaining Ideational Geography power power power power power Bargaining Geography power Material Bargaining Ideational Geography power power power
  • 5. MENA Basins: Hydropolitics vs. IWRMA Strong power asymmetries  Asymmetric water control, distribution and allocation  Political conflicts/volatility  Militarisation/Securitisation of water resources  “Resource capture” strategies  Basin-wide water negotiations and agreements  Inter-riparian confidence and dialogue  Comprehensive transboundary water cooperation  Integrated Water Resources Management and Allocation (IWRMA) 
  • 6. MENA Basins: Hydropolitics and Knowledge Knowledge, information and institutional [wide] gap  Integration and harmonisation of knowledge and information  Information sharing and exchange across borders  Sanctioning of knowledge, discourse and agenda  Multiple stakeholders involvement  Scientific collaboration across borders  Politicisation of science, models and decision support tools  Decision-making controlled by politicians, not scientists or technicians  Basin-wide, integrated knowledge and decision-making systems 
  • 7. MENA Basins: Science, Policy and Management Science OVER-POLITICISATION Policy POWER OF TRANSBOUNDARY ASYMMETRIES WATER MANAGEMENT Management AND ALLOCATION
  • 8. Some conclusions... POWER OVER- ASYMMETRIES POLITICISATION Strong obstacles to:  Meaningful and effective cooperation  Sound science, policies, and management  Information and data sharing systems  Development of dialogue and linkages between epistemic and decision-making groups  Comprehensive stakeholders involvement  Fair negotiations of legal agreements based on international water law principles
  • 9. Thanks for your attention! ana.cascao@kcl.ac.uk