KNOWLEDGE FOR WATER EQUITY  IN THE NILE RIVER BASIN? Ana Elisa Cascão King’s College of London NBDF 2006
“ Knowledge is power”  Francis Bacon
Knowlege Gap <ul><li>Upstream and Downstream riparians: </li></ul><ul><li>≠  Levels of expertise </li></ul><ul><li>≠  Wate...
Water Learning Curve <ul><li>What to include in the learning curve? </li></ul><ul><li>Production of expertise and scientif...
Water History – Timeline Source:  http://www.waterhistory.org
Measuring water - Nilometers <ul><li>5,000 years measuring the water levels </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: to measure  and predic...
Expertise - for the sake of comparison <ul><li>EGYPT </li></ul><ul><li>1st Water-related Ministry  1836 </li></ul><ul><li>...
The war of numbers <ul><li>Allocation = Quantification? </li></ul><ul><li>Numbers = Negotiation and Bargaining Power? </li...
Knowledge from who? <ul><li>Too much  technical /engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Too much  technocrat  (national-based) </li...
Knowledge for Water Equity? <ul><li>Pessimist scenario </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge is power in favour of Inequity </li></u...
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Cascao Addis Ababa Knowledge For Water Equity Nile Basin 2006

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Cascao Addis Ababa Knowledge For Water Equity Nile Basin 2006

  1. 1. KNOWLEDGE FOR WATER EQUITY IN THE NILE RIVER BASIN? Ana Elisa Cascão King’s College of London NBDF 2006
  2. 2. “ Knowledge is power” Francis Bacon
  3. 3. Knowlege Gap <ul><li>Upstream and Downstream riparians: </li></ul><ul><li>≠ Levels of expertise </li></ul><ul><li>≠ Water learning curve </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge gap and decision-making process: </li></ul><ul><li>Initial positionalities </li></ul><ul><li>Preparatory discussions </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiations and bargaining procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Final decision-making process </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation and monitoring of projects </li></ul>
  4. 4. Water Learning Curve <ul><li>What to include in the learning curve? </li></ul><ul><li>Production of expertise and scientific knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Higher education institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Institutionalisation and centralisation of knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Ministries et al. </li></ul><ul><li>Waterworks </li></ul><ul><li>Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>“ Numbers” </li></ul>World Egypt Sudan Ethiopia Pharaonic times Nowadays Colonial period 1970s-1980s
  5. 5. Water History – Timeline Source: http://www.waterhistory.org
  6. 6. Measuring water - Nilometers <ul><li>5,000 years measuring the water levels </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: to measure and predict the annual flows of the Nile River </li></ul><ul><li>Useful until dams/reservoirs were built </li></ul><ul><li>Relevant for water control </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>“ Knowledge Accumulation” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Expertise - for the sake of comparison <ul><li>EGYPT </li></ul><ul><li>1st Water-related Ministry 1836 </li></ul><ul><li>1st University 1908 </li></ul><ul><li>1st Comprehensive survey British Admin.? Before? </li></ul><ul><li>1st Infrastructure 1812 </li></ul><ul><li>14 National Agencies </li></ul><ul><li>+Regional Center for Training and Water Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Internationalisation of expertise </li></ul><ul><li>Cairo -> US Univers. -> IOs </li></ul><ul><li>Intern. Agencies based in Cairo: </li></ul><ul><li>CEDARE </li></ul><ul><li>Nile Basin Capacity Building Network for River Engineering (NBCBN-RE) </li></ul><ul><li>UNESCO Friend-Nile Project </li></ul><ul><li>NBI Applied Training Project </li></ul><ul><li>ETHIOPIA </li></ul><ul><li>1st Water-related Ministry 1977/1990s </li></ul><ul><li>1st University 1986 </li></ul><ul><li>1st Comprehensive survey 1964 USBR </li></ul><ul><li>1st Infrastructure 20th century </li></ul><ul><li>No water-related postgraduate studies until recently (now Arba Minch and AAU) </li></ul><ul><li>Intern. Agencies based in Addis: </li></ul><ul><li>ENTRO Regional Office </li></ul><ul><li>International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) </li></ul><ul><li>International Water Management Institutee (IWMI) </li></ul><ul><li>(all are very recent in Addis) </li></ul>Discontinuity Continuity
  8. 8. The war of numbers <ul><li>Allocation = Quantification? </li></ul><ul><li>Numbers = Negotiation and Bargaining Power? </li></ul><ul><li>How much water do ‘we’ have, use, control, need? </li></ul><ul><li>Compatible knowledge(s)? </li></ul><ul><li>New Treaty </li></ul><ul><li>with words </li></ul><ul><li>but without numbers? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Knowledge from who? <ul><li>Too much technical /engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Too much technocrat (national-based) </li></ul><ul><li>Too much economics (profit-based) </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated Water Management </li></ul><ul><li>= </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated Water Knowledge ? </li></ul><ul><li>Should include socio-economic knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Should include several epistemic communities – e.g. sociologists, anthropologists, environmentalists, non-governmental parties, etc </li></ul>
  10. 10. Knowledge for Water Equity? <ul><li>Pessimist scenario </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge is power in favour of Inequity </li></ul><ul><li>Optimistic scenario </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge for Equity </li></ul>
  11. 11. Thank you! Good Afternoon!
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