Cascao Addis Ababa Knowledge For Water Equity Nile Basin 2006
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  • 1. KNOWLEDGE FOR WATER EQUITY IN THE NILE RIVER BASIN? Ana Elisa Cascão King’s College of London NBDF 2006
  • 2. “ Knowledge is power” Francis Bacon
  • 3. Knowlege Gap
    • Upstream and Downstream riparians:
    • ≠ Levels of expertise
    • ≠ Water learning curve
    • Knowledge gap and decision-making process:
    • Initial positionalities
    • Preparatory discussions
    • Negotiations and bargaining procedures
    • Final decision-making process
    • Implementation and monitoring of projects
  • 4. Water Learning Curve
    • What to include in the learning curve?
    • Production of expertise and scientific knowledge
    • Higher education institutions
    • Institutionalisation and centralisation of knowledge
    • Ministries et al.
    • Waterworks
    • Libraries
    • “ Numbers”
    World Egypt Sudan Ethiopia Pharaonic times Nowadays Colonial period 1970s-1980s
  • 5. Water History – Timeline Source: http://www.waterhistory.org
  • 6. Measuring water - Nilometers
    • 5,000 years measuring the water levels
    • Goal: to measure and predict the annual flows of the Nile River
    • Useful until dams/reservoirs were built
    • Relevant for water control
    • “ Knowledge Accumulation”
  • 7. Expertise - for the sake of comparison
    • EGYPT
    • 1st Water-related Ministry 1836
    • 1st University 1908
    • 1st Comprehensive survey British Admin.? Before?
    • 1st Infrastructure 1812
    • 14 National Agencies
    • +Regional Center for Training and Water Studies
    • Internationalisation of expertise
    • Cairo -> US Univers. -> IOs
    • Intern. Agencies based in Cairo:
    • CEDARE
    • Nile Basin Capacity Building Network for River Engineering (NBCBN-RE)
    • UNESCO Friend-Nile Project
    • NBI Applied Training Project
    • ETHIOPIA
    • 1st Water-related Ministry 1977/1990s
    • 1st University 1986
    • 1st Comprehensive survey 1964 USBR
    • 1st Infrastructure 20th century
    • No water-related postgraduate studies until recently (now Arba Minch and AAU)
    • Intern. Agencies based in Addis:
    • ENTRO Regional Office
    • International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)
    • International Water Management Institutee (IWMI)
    • (all are very recent in Addis)
    Discontinuity Continuity
  • 8. The war of numbers
    • Allocation = Quantification?
    • Numbers = Negotiation and Bargaining Power?
    • How much water do ‘we’ have, use, control, need?
    • Compatible knowledge(s)?
    • New Treaty
    • with words
    • but without numbers?
  • 9. Knowledge from who?
    • Too much technical /engineering
    • Too much technocrat (national-based)
    • Too much economics (profit-based)
    • Integrated Water Management
    • =
    • Integrated Water Knowledge ?
    • Should include socio-economic knowledge
    • Should include several epistemic communities – e.g. sociologists, anthropologists, environmentalists, non-governmental parties, etc
  • 10. Knowledge for Water Equity?
    • Pessimist scenario
    • Knowledge is power in favour of Inequity
    • Optimistic scenario
    • Knowledge for Equity
  • 11. Thank you! Good Afternoon!