pla.gia.rize: transitive verb: to steal andpass off (the ideas or words of another) asone’s own: : present as new and originalan idea or product derived from anexisting source(Merriam-Webster 1728)
pla.gia.rize: transitive verb: to take whatisn’t yours and tell everybody it is(Common Sense 1)
Our Focus• This tutorial will focus on: – the three most common forms of plagiarism – how to use an authors ideas and/or words without plagiarizing – the consequence of plagiarizing
Types of PlagiarismI Vow…Ideas Stealing an author’s idea or concept without giving proper credit. Although you may have completely reworded the text the idea is still presented as if it is your own.Verbatim Copying and pasting text from the original source directly into your paper or project without quoting or giving proper credit.Organization Following the rationale or organization of the author’s article or paper. The text may be completely reworded but the organization of the paper remains the same.Word Switch Copying and pasting text from the original source directly into your paper or project and then switching keywords with their synonyms. This is an inappropriate way to paraphrase.….Not to Cheat!
Idea: Taking an author’s idea…If I were to take the idea presented in the quote below and present it my work as my own, I’d be plagiarizing.Original Quote “A word to the wise aint necessary - its the stupid ones that need the advice.” Bill CosbyPlagiarized Use Some may argue that the expression “a word to the wise” is an oxymoron because wise people shouldn’t need advice, rather stupid people should. creator of the idea. creator of the idea. reader is led to believe the writer of this passage is the reader is led to believe the writer of this passage is the author’s idea but does not provide a citation. Therefore the author’s idea but does not provide a citation. Therefore the This use is considered plagiarism because it takes the This use is considered plagiarism because it takes the
Idea: Taking an author’s idea…However, If I were to the in-textexact same passage Notice use the citation and include in-text citation – it would not be in parentheses, includes considered plagiarizing. last name, the author’s and then the page #. Also notice that the periodFor example, the following passage is not plagiarized. is now place behind the in-text citation.Some may argue that the expression “a word to the wise” is an oxymoron because wise people shouldn’t need advice, rather stupid people should (Cosby 1). not considered plagiarism. not considered plagiarism.demonstrating that Cosby was the creator of the idea. Therefore, this isdemonstrating that Cosby was the creator of the idea. Therefore, this is Here is the same passage but this time the writer included a citation Here is the same passage but this time the writer included a citation
Verbatim: Taking an author’s words… If I were to take the author’s words and present them as if they were my own, I’d be plagiarizing. Original Quote I like long walks, especially when they are taken by people who annoy me. Fred Allen Plagiarized Use I’m not opposed to exercise. For example, I like long walks, especially when they are taken by people who annoy me. Badump Bump. This use is considered plagiarism because it takes theauthor’s words but does not provide a citation. Therefore the reader is led to believe the writer of this passage is the original author of the quote.
Verbatim: Taking an author’s words… However, If I were to use the exact quote including quotation marks and in-text citation – it would not be considered plagiarizing. For example, the following passage is not plagiarized. I’m not opposed to exercise. For example, “I like long walks, especially when they are taken by people who annoy me” (Allen 2). Badump Bump. This use is not considered plagiarism because it cites the author’s words letting the reader know who the original author is.
Word Switch: Trying to trick to the reader… If I were to take the author’s words and rearrange them as if I were paraphrasing, I’d be plagiarizing. Original Quote “When you are courting a nice girl an hour seems like a second. When you sit on a red-hot cinder a second seems like an hour. Thats relativity.” Albert Einstein Plagiarized Use When you are flirting with a nice girl hours seem like seconds. When you sit on a red-hot stove seconds seem like hours. Thats relativity (Einstein 1). This use is considered plagiarism because it takes the author’s words and idea. This is not paraphrasing but a merely a poor attempt to trick the reader into believing the writer of this passage is the original author of the quote.
Word Switch: Trying to trick to the reader… However, If I were to use the passage verbatim and include quote marks it would not be considered plagiarizing. “When you are courting a nice girl an hour seems like a second. When you sit on a red-hot cinder a second seems like an hour. Thats relativity” (Einstein 1). Or, if I paraphrased the passage and used in-text citation it would not be considered plagiarizing. Both of these passages tell the reader that the writer is not The theory of relativity could be humorously explainedthe the the original author of that passage of time when flirting withwords or creator of the idea. different someone is significantly Therefore, they are not than the passage of time while being brutally burned (Einstein 1). considered plagiarism.
To Recap• If you take an author’s ideas… – Include in-text citation• If you take an author’s words… – Include quotation marks and in-text citation• Trying to trick the reader? – DON’T
Consequence• Plagiarizing, whether intentional or not will result in bad things happening to you. Some short-term and (depending on the severity) some long-term.
Short term Consequences school consequences1st Offense - zero on assignment, parent-teacher contact, administrator-student conference2nd Offense - zero on work, 3 day in-school suspensionA subsequent offense in cheating will result in a 5 or 10 day school suspension and loss of credit in that course for the semester
Long term Consequences• The act of plagiarism can follow a person for years, even a lifetime. It’s important to make good ethical decisions or be prepared to accept the consequences of making poor choices.
Melanio Acosta made thedecision to plagiarize hisvaledictorian speech. Asa high school senior heprobably had no idea whatimpact this would have onhis life. Unfortunately, ithas followed him foryears.Although this incidentoccurred in 2008 andMelanio has moved on, ifyou were to search hisname via google today,the top results would beabout his plagiarismscandal.The google search on theright was conducted onAugust 25, 2011. Allhighlighted entriesreference his plagiarism.
Kaavya Viswanathan is anotherexample of plagiarism gonewrong. While attending HarvardUniversity she wrote andpublished a book but soonafterwards the Harvard studentnewspaper released a story whichbroke the news that she hadplagiarized many of its passages.Although this incident occurred in2006, it still plagues Viswanathantoday. In June, her parents werekilled in a plane crash. To the leftis an excerpt from a story doneabout their deaths. Thehighlighted portions reference andgive details of Kaavya’s plagiarismincident.
Young adults aren’t the only people facedwith the temptation to cheat. Many adultsface the same temptations. MarileeJones, former dean of admissions at MIT,lied on her original application for a job atMIT and on subsequent applications forpromotions. Her lies were discovered in2007 and made national headlines. Tothe left you will see a Google searchconducted for her name on August 25,2011. The highlighted results are articlesthat deal with the scandal. Below is herwikipedia article, last updated August 3,2011. The highlighted portions referenceher cheating at MIT.
• In the case of Melanio Acosta his plagiarism was deliberate, but he was young and probably did not realize the long-term consequences. Regardless, his decision still follows him today.• Kaavya Viswanathan says that her plagiarism was unintentional. She has argued that she did not realize she what she was doing was wrong. However, her illegal actions cost her greatly and continue to plague her name today.• Marilee Jones choice to lie on her job application seemed to make little difference in her job performance. However, 28 years later she resigned due to the scandal. Although she has rebuilt her life and started a new business – the scandal is among the top hits in a Google search of her name today.
Recap• If you’re unsure – cite to be safe• Plagiarizing and cheating can follow you for years (and maybe a lifetime)• Don’t plagiarize
Works CitedFinally – Always include a works cited entry for each of the works you used in your project.Allen, Fred. "Funny Quotes - BrainyQuote." Famous Quotes at BrainyQuote. Web. 26 Aug. 2011 <http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/topics/topic_funny.html>.Cosby, Bill. "Funny Quotes - BrainyQuote." Famous Quotes at BrainyQuote. Web. 26 Aug. 2011 <http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/topics/topic_funny.html>.Einstein, Albert. "Funny Quotes Page 9 - BrainyQuote." Famous Quotes at BrainyQuote. Web. 26 Aug. 2011. <http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/topics/topic_funny9.html>.Franko, Kantele. "Kaavya Viswanathan Harvard Authors Parents Die In Plane Crash." The Huffington Post. 20 June 2011. Web. 28 Aug. 2011. <http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/06/20/kaavya- viswanathan-harvar_n_880200.html>."Marilee Jones." Wikipedia. 3 Aug. 2011. Web. 28 Aug. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marilee_Jones>.
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