Why Should There Be MoreTechnology Integration in the Classroom?
Key Points Changes in Instruction Throughout History Increased Student Achievement Increased Higher Order Thinking Skills Prepare Students for Post-Secondary School and the Workforce How Do We Get There?
Changes in Instruction Throughout History 1800’s- Focus 2011- Focus Life on the Farm Post-Secondary School and Workforce Basic Reading and Reading, Writing, Writing Skills Math, and Science Multi-Age Classrooms Application Grade Level System Preparing Immigrants for Life in the United Preparing Students States for Jobs and(Eileen O’Kane 2010) Technology Not Yet in Exhistance
Increased Student Achievement Research by: Research by: Cradler, McNabb, Freeman, John Schacter (1999) and Burchett (2002) analyzed a large study by analyzed an 8 year study James Kulik (1994) that following students in a compiled more than 500 technology integrated studies analyzing curriculum and compared computer based them to a traditional instruction curriculum Findings:Findings: students enjoyed their student scores increased 94 classes points on average students had a more positive attitude towards school increased efficiency of instruction time student scores
Kulick found that students scored on average in the 64th percentile as compared to those without computer based instruction scoring on average at the 50th percentile. Meta-Analysis Instructional Level Number of Studies Percentile Gain Over Analyzed Control GroupBangert-Drowns, J. Kulik, & C. Secondary 51 10 Kulik (1985) Burns & Bozeman (1981) Elementary and Secondary 44 14 School Cohen &Dacanay (1991) Health Professions Education 38 18 Hartley (1978) Elementary and Secondary 33 16 Math Fletcher (1990) Higher Education and Adult 28 19 Training C. Kulik & J. Kulik (1986) College 119 11 C. Kulik, J. Kulik, & Shwalb Adult Education 30 15 (1986)J. Kulik, C. Kulik, & Bangert- Elementary 44 16 Drowns (1985) Niemiec & Walbert (1985) Elementary 48 14 Roblyer (1988) Elementary to Adult Education 82 12Schmidt, Weinstein, Niemiec, Special Education 18 22 & Walberg (1985)Willett, Yamashita, & Anderson Pre-College Science 11 9 (1983) Table excerpted from Kulick, James A. (1994). Meta-Analytic Studies of Findings on Computer- Based Instruction.
Increased Higher Order Thinking Skills Interactive Video Based • Students improved completion of problem Software solving in math classes (Cradler, McNabb, Freeman, Burchett 2002) Tutorial and • Students out-performed others by 15% on Simulation standardized testsBased Software • Students out-performed others by 100% on (Cradler, McNabb, Freeman, standardized objectives Burchett 2002) Technology • Students performed 13 weeks above grade Training for level Teachers • Students had more positive attitudes improving school climate (Schacter 1999)
Technology Training for Teachers 4th Grade Math 8th Grade Math Teacher Technology Teacher Technology Training Training Computer use mainly for Computer use mainly for math/ simulations learning games and applications Higher Math More Positive More Positive Higher Achievement School Climate School Achievement ClimateSource: Educational Testing Service, “Does it compute?” an analysis of 1996 National Assessment ofEducational Progress.
Prepare Students for Post- Secondary School and the Workforce Students graduate high school, but are in need of remediation in college More college courses required More time spent in college More money spent on college tuition(Eileen O’Kane 2010)
Students need to understand technology to be successful Ability to analyze online data Have increased analytical, critical Ability to use thinking, and multiple collaboration technologies skills In order to be effective and competitive in todays workplace(Eileen O’Kane 2010)
How do we get there? INCREASEDADMINISTRATION AND TEACHER TRAINING AND STAFF DEVELOPMENT
Student Centered InstructionAdministrators Variousneed to imbed Start by resources are staff implementing available on development technology in the internet into their strategies and through district-wide teachers schools’ technology already use current plan curriculum(Harvey-Woodall (Brabec, Fisher, Pitler (Brabec, Fisher, Pitler2009) 2004) 2004)