● Founded in 1670 as Charles
● Given present name of
Charleston in 1783
● Oldest city in South Carolina
● “America’s Most Friendly City”
according to Travel and Leisure
Charleston, South Carolina
Is recognized as America’s first female
newspaper editor and publisher.
After her Husband died during the christmas
season of 1738, Elizabeth Timothy published the
South-Carolina Gazette until their contract
In Franklin’s autobiography he described her as
"a man of learning, and honest but ignorant in
matters of account" without know he was
Elizabeth Timothy was inducted into the South
Carolina Press Association Hall of Fame in 1973
She was inducted into the South Carolina
Business Hall of Fame in 2000.
The South Carolina Gazette was
published in this house at 106 Broad
Street in Charleston.
Eliza Lucas Pinckney
As a planter, she was responsible for the
success of indigo as a cash crop in Colonial
As a businesswoman, she was savvy enough
to realize the growing textile industry was a
ripe market for new dyes.
Working on her farm near Charleston, she
methodically experimented and developed
improved strains of indigo.
In 1745, only 5,000 pounds of indigo were
exported from the Charleston area. Within
two years, Eliza's efforts increased that
volume to 130,000 pounds.
President George Washington served as one
of the pallbearers at her funeral.
The Hampton Plantation
where Eliza lived with her
Lavinia is recognized as America’s first female serial killer.
She and her husband, John Fisher, ran a hotel six miles north of
Charleston, called the Six Mile Wayfarer House, in the early
Legend says that she picked her victims by inviting her guests to
tea. There, she would interview them to assess their financial
Once she’d found a victim, some say she’d simply poison their
next cup of tea and send them to bed.
Others believe the tea would only put them to sleep for a few
hours, and while they were asleep, Lavinia would pull a lever,
Though she’s rumored to be buried at the
collapsing the bed and dropping the victim into a pit.
Circular Congregational Church (150
She and her husband were found guilty of highway robbery and Meeting St) and the Unitarian Church (4
Archdale St), recent research has indicated
sentenced to hanging. However, her husband never faced his that she’s most likely buried in Potter’s
sentence because he accepted the council of a reverend, which Field, next to the Old City Jail (21
Magazine St) where she was executed.
Lavinia was executed on February 4th, 1820.
Mary Motte Alston Pringle
Typical wife in the
Charleston area who was
born, raised and died in
the Miles Brewton House,
which is 27 King Street
Mary Motte Alston
Had thirteen kids with a
cotton rice planter who
had four plantations.
Had a niece named Sara
Middleton who she
frequently wrote letters.
27 King Street, Charleston Sc
Louisa McCord Smythe
married a charleston Senator and
was president of the Charleston
Chapter of the United Daughters
of the confederacy
o is a woman’s lineage society
dedicated to honoring
52 active chapters today
buried at Second
Margaret Simons Middleton
24 New Street
best known for her
books on two artists
o Henrietta Johnson
● in 1974, she was elected
to the Hall of Fame for
Federation of Women’s
Elizabeth O’Neill Verner
Artist famous for etching, drypoints, and
pastels of Charleston
Studio, 3 Atlantic Street
● National Chairman of the
National Woman’s Party
● Vice Chair of World
Anita Pollitzer’s Childhood home
5 Pitt Street
Susan Pringle Frost
First president of the Charleston Equal
Founder of Preservation Society of
Restored Rainbow Row
Above: Joseph Manigault House
Right: Rainbow Row, East Bay St.
Septima Poinsette Clark
Affectionately deemed the “Queen Mother” or the “Grandmother
of the Civil Rights Movement”, Septima stands as one of the
most influential women of the Civil Rights Era.
She worked through her life to better the education and
opportunities of marginalized peoples. Her strategy was to
work from both sides, with the individual and the government.
She developed literacy and citizenship schools to assist people in
meeting citizenship and voting requirements. Once her school
took off, the idea spread like wildfire all over the Southeast.
To challenge the political system that made her schools
necessary, she was also an active member of the NAACP.
Through her involvement, she risked her career, livelihood,
and friends, yet she continued for the cause she believed in.
More detailed information on Septima can be found
at the Avery Research Center at 125 Bull Street.
There is also a memorial to Septima near the South
Carolina Aquarium at 100 Aquarium Wharf .
Anna DeCosta Banks, RN
Anna DeCosta Banks, RN was a pioneer in the nursing
profession. She was the first head nurse at the Hospital and
Training School for nurses, which was a segregated institution
She was educated in the Charleston Public Schools and
graduated from Virginia’s Hampton Institute in 1891 and then
enrolled in Hampton’s Dixie Hospital of Nursing
She continued on the the Hospital and Training School for
Nurses located on 135 Cannon Street. After her tenure, she
rose to be Superintendent of Nurses, serving at this position
for 32 years
She trained many young women to become nurses. Cared for a
large number of patients and charges to each patient only
contained the cost of board and medicine.
25 Courtney Drive, on the west side of Charleston was once the
location of the McClennan-Banks Hospital, opening in 1897,
but close in 1977
A wing of the Medical University of South Carolina is named in
honor for her service to the state of South Carolina
Former Lieutenant governor Ferdinan B. Nancy
Stevenson was born on New Rochelle, NY
She began her political career as a representative
from Charleston, from 1975 to 1978
She became lieutenant governor in 1979, becoming
the first and only female to serve in that position
She was the one that established the Lieutenant
Governor’s Writing Award Program which still
continues to this day
Students from 5th through 8th grade
demonstrate their writing skills
•Made her first appearance in the golf world in 1975 when
she won the U.S. Women’s Amateur.
•She was inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame in 1999
•Part of the LGPA – Ladies Professional Golf Association –
She has won 33 LGPA tours
Beth Daniel became the second LGPA player to win the
Rookie of the year and Player of year honors back to back
For more information, you can visit her Bio on
In 1995, Shannon Faulkner reported to The
Citadel as a result of the Fourth Circuit
Court of Appeals.
Although she didn’t fully enroll as a cadet, she
paved the way for women at The Citadel
In 1996 The Citadel dropped the gender
Her actions have made it possible for other
young women to attend this institution and
become distinguished leaders
For an Active Google Map
(Hampton Plantation not included in photo)