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Preventing   Childhood Obesity Amy Hamilton, RN, BSN
Table of Contents <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Statistics </li></ul><ul><li>More Statistics </li></ul><ul><li>Pe...
Introduction <ul><li>Obesity is a National Health care  crisis ! </li></ul><ul><li>Obesity has more than doubed among yout...
Statistics <ul><li>Children in the United States are eating more high-fat and high-sugar foods. </li></ul><ul><li>Children...
More Statistics <ul><li>Many U.S. schools’ have poor nutrition policies. </li></ul><ul><li>The media pushes the sale of hi...
Percentage of Overweight Children and Teens
Diseases:  Obesity causes many weight-related diseases. <ul><ul><li>Obesity causes many weight-related diseases: </li></ul...
Being overweight may also cause: <ul><ul><ul><li>Low self esteem </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Poor body image </li>...
Screening for Obesity <ul><li>American Academy of Pediatrics recommends 2 categories to screen for obesity for children 2 ...
<ul><li>BMI is defined as weight in kilograms divided by square of height in meters. </li></ul><ul><li>In children and ado...
Girls, BMI graph
Boys, BMI graph
Prevention  is KEY! <ul><li>One of the most important ways to prevent obesity is by raising awareness about the problems a...
How can we help  Prevent  childhood obesity in our area? <ul><li>Educate parents and caregivers about the prevalence of ob...
Involvement occurs at many levels Local and State Health Departments Community-based Organizations Worksites Hospitals and...
  Education focuses on 3 areas: <ul><li>1.  Improved Food Choices </li></ul><ul><li>2.  Increased Physical Activity </li><...
Improved Food Choices <ul><li>Parents and caregivers CAN make a difference in their child's eating habits.  </li></ul><ul>...
Increased Physical Activity <ul><li>The HHS/USDA Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends that children and teens be ph...
Limit Screen Time <ul><li>For most Americans one of the biggest challenges to become more physically active is the amount ...
<ul><li>The End! </li></ul>
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  1. 1. Preventing Childhood Obesity Amy Hamilton, RN, BSN
  2. 2. Table of Contents <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Statistics </li></ul><ul><li>More Statistics </li></ul><ul><li>Percentage of Overweight Children </li></ul><ul><li>Diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Being Overweight may also… </li></ul><ul><li>Screening </li></ul><ul><li>BMI </li></ul><ul><li>Girls BMI chart </li></ul><ul><li>Boys BMI chart </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention is Key! </li></ul><ul><li>How can we help </li></ul><ul><li>Involvement </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Improved Food Choices </li></ul><ul><li>Increase Physical Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease Screen Time </li></ul><ul><li>The End! </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>Obesity is a National Health care crisis ! </li></ul><ul><li>Obesity has more than doubed among youth and adolescents since 1980. </li></ul><ul><li>Obesity affects 9 million children in the United States alone. </li></ul><ul><li>Cost to society for obesity is estimated at nearly $100 billion per year. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Statistics <ul><li>Children in the United States are eating more high-fat and high-sugar foods. </li></ul><ul><li>Children are becoming more and more physically inactive. According to APA, kids are watching 3 hours of TV per day, with a total of 5 1/2 hours total on media. </li></ul><ul><li>In the last two decades, the prevalence of overweight children doubled for children ages 6-11, and tripled for teenagers. </li></ul>
  5. 5. More Statistics <ul><li>Many U.S. schools’ have poor nutrition policies. </li></ul><ul><li>The media pushes the sale of high fat and high sugar foods. </li></ul><ul><li>CDC reports that 1/3 of US children are overweight or at risk of becoming overweight. </li></ul><ul><li>Obesity most commonly begins in childhood between ages 5 and 6, and during adolescents . </li></ul>
  6. 6. Percentage of Overweight Children and Teens
  7. 7. Diseases: Obesity causes many weight-related diseases. <ul><ul><li>Obesity causes many weight-related diseases: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High Cholesterol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diabetes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coronary Heart Disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stroke </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cancer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sleep Apnea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respiratory Problems </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Being overweight may also cause: <ul><ul><ul><li>Low self esteem </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Poor body image </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Teasing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Discrimination </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Screening for Obesity <ul><li>American Academy of Pediatrics recommends 2 categories to screen for obesity for children 2 years or older. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Children whose BMI-for-age is at or above the 95 th percentile are considered overweight. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Children whose BMI-for-age falls between the 85 th and 95 th percentile are at risk for becoming overweight. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>BMI is defined as weight in kilograms divided by square of height in meters. </li></ul><ul><li>In children and adolescents, obesity is defined in relation to others of same age and gender (see next 2 slides). </li></ul>BMI: Body Mass Index
  11. 11. Girls, BMI graph
  12. 12. Boys, BMI graph
  13. 13. Prevention is KEY! <ul><li>One of the most important ways to prevent obesity is by raising awareness about the problems associated with being overweight. </li></ul><ul><li>Education of parents and caregivers about ways to deal with childhood obesity is paramount. </li></ul>
  14. 14. How can we help Prevent childhood obesity in our area? <ul><li>Educate parents and caregivers about the prevalence of obesity. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide parents and caregivers with resources to improve nutrition, increase physical activity, and decrease screen time for children. </li></ul><ul><li>Educate parents and caregivers about the prevalence of obesity. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide parents and caregivers with resources to improve nutrition, increase physical activity, and decrease screen time for children. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Involvement occurs at many levels Local and State Health Departments Community-based Organizations Worksites Hospitals and Healthcare Systems School System And Universities Park and Recreation Department Prevention
  16. 16. Education focuses on 3 areas: <ul><li>1. Improved Food Choices </li></ul><ul><li>2. Increased Physical Activity </li></ul><ul><li>3. Decreased Screen Time </li></ul>
  17. 17. Improved Food Choices <ul><li>Parents and caregivers CAN make a difference in their child's eating habits. </li></ul><ul><li>Choose foods that are low in fat and calories. </li></ul><ul><li>Eat out no more than one time a week. </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor portion size. </li></ul><ul><li>Useful Resource: </li></ul>
  18. 18. Increased Physical Activity <ul><li>The HHS/USDA Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends that children and teens be physically active for at least 60 minutes on most, if not all, days. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Limit Screen Time <ul><li>For most Americans one of the biggest challenges to become more physically active is the amount of time spent in front of a screen- TV screen, Computer screen, or Video Game screen. </li></ul><ul><li>Health care professionals recommend 2 hours or less screen time per day that is not work or homework related. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>The End! </li></ul>
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