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<ul><li>Bulbous flowers: </li></ul><ul><li>Begonia. </li></ul><ul><li>Tuberose  </li></ul><ul><li>Canna lilly. </li></ul><...
. <ul><li>Dahlia  coccinea. </li></ul><ul><li>F: Asteraceae. </li></ul><ul><li>Perinneal herbaceous plant. </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>Single flowering : Bedding purpose. </li></ul><ul><li>Eg: Bambino, Yellow hammer. </li></ul><ul><li>2 . Anemone fl...
6.  Ball:  Eg: Wotton cupid, Crichton honey. 7 . Pompon:  Longest vase life. Eg : Hall mark 8.  Cactus:  Florets are point...
<ul><li>Optimum temperature- 25 0  c – Day. </li></ul><ul><li>16 0  c – Night  </li></ul><ul><li>Long day plant- 12-14  hr...
<ul><li>Propagation - </li></ul><ul><li>Seeds </li></ul><ul><li>Division of tubers </li></ul><ul><li>Stem cuttings. </li><...
<ul><li>Mulching and hoeing. </li></ul><ul><li>Training  </li></ul><ul><li>Staking  </li></ul><ul><li>Pruning. </li></ul><...
Harvesting:   Fully opened/ bud showing colour . Vase life : 3-5 days. Holding solution - 10% glucose+0.2mg AgNO 3  + 200 ...
<ul><li>Gladiolus gandavensis. </li></ul><ul><li>F: Iridaceae. </li></ul><ul><li>Inflorescence: spike- gives a sword like ...
<ul><li>Based on horticultural purpose: </li></ul><ul><li>Large flowered- spike height-120-150cm, strong, erect stem, tria...
2. Based on commercial importance: 3. Based on floret size: Grade  Spike length(in cm) Minimum floret number Fancy  >107 1...
Commercial cultivars: American beauty, Applause, Christian jane , Her majesty ,  Rose time, wine and rose , Yellow stone,F...
. Based on colours:   White  : white friendship , white prosperity, morning bride, moon frost. Pink  : Day dream , Miss Am...
<ul><li>Soil : </li></ul><ul><li>Optimum pH- 6-7. </li></ul><ul><li>Sensitive to salt. </li></ul><ul><li>Well drained sand...
Harvest:  Tight bud stage with atleast five florets showing colour. Spikes are cut with sharp knife. Yield : 1,50,000 spik...
<ul><li>Lilium   candidum . </li></ul><ul><li>F: Liliaceae. </li></ul><ul><li>Herbaceous perennial plant. </li></ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>Asiatic. </li></ul><ul><li>Candidum  </li></ul><ul><li>American. </li></ul><ul><li>Longiflorum. </li></ul><ul><li>...
Variety  Colour  Type  Star gazer Red white Oriental  Snow queen  White  Longiflorum Vivaldi Pink  Asiatic  Elite  Orange ...
<ul><li>Temperature  – 15-20 0  c- day. </li></ul><ul><li>8-10 0  c – night. </li></ul><ul><li>Shade net -75% shade. </li>...
<ul><li>Planting:   </li></ul><ul><li>Plains- Oct- Nov. </li></ul><ul><li>Hills- Apr- May . </li></ul><ul><li>Special  hor...
<ul><li>Tulipa   sp . </li></ul><ul><li>F: Lilliaceae. </li></ul><ul><li>National flower of Turkey. </li></ul><ul><li>Pere...
Type  Varieties Single early tulip Crown imperial, pink beauty, white hawk Double early type Electra, Peach blossom, Dante...
Cooler climate without frost. Temperature - day-20-25 0  c night-5-10 0  c. Good light is essential. Soil:  Well- drained,...
<ul><li>Propagation: </li></ul><ul><li>Seed : only for crop improvement programme. </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetative propagatio...
<ul><li>Forcing:  </li></ul><ul><li>Bulbs allowed to root at 9 0  c. </li></ul><ul><li>Storage- -2 to -3 0  c for 7-8 mont...
<ul><li>Harvest:   </li></ul><ul><li>All flowers show full colour but still closed. </li></ul><ul><li>Post- harvest handli...
<ul><li>Narcissus   sp . </li></ul><ul><li>F: Amaryllidaceae. </li></ul><ul><li>Origin: Meditterranean region. </li></ul><...
 
 
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B Ulb O Uz

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U have good info abt bulbous flower crops......

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Transcript of "B Ulb O Uz"

  1. 2. <ul><li>Bulbous flowers: </li></ul><ul><li>Begonia. </li></ul><ul><li>Tuberose </li></ul><ul><li>Canna lilly. </li></ul><ul><li>Dahlias. </li></ul><ul><li>Daffodils. </li></ul><ul><li>Hyacinth. </li></ul><ul><li>Gladiolus. </li></ul><ul><li>Lillies. </li></ul><ul><li>Tiger lilly. </li></ul><ul><li>Tulips. </li></ul>
  2. 3. . <ul><li>Dahlia coccinea. </li></ul><ul><li>F: Asteraceae. </li></ul><ul><li>Perinneal herbaceous plant. </li></ul><ul><li>Racemose inflorescence. </li></ul><ul><li>Two types of florets: </li></ul><ul><li>Disc floret. </li></ul><ul><li>Ray floret. </li></ul><ul><li>Origin: Central America. </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Single flowering : Bedding purpose. </li></ul><ul><li>Eg: Bambino, Yellow hammer. </li></ul><ul><li>2 . Anemone flowering : Floral arrangements. </li></ul><ul><li>Eg: Comet, Guinea. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Collerette : Floral arrangement. </li></ul><ul><li>Eg: Choh, Sincerity. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Water lily: Cut flower. </li></ul><ul><li>Eg: Porcelian, Christopher Taylor. </li></ul>5. Decorative: Very popular in India. Eg: Hamari girl, Silver city, Alloway cottage(bi color), Disney land. Abridge taffy
  4. 5. 6. Ball: Eg: Wotton cupid, Crichton honey. 7 . Pompon: Longest vase life. Eg : Hall mark 8. Cactus: Florets are pointed. Eg: Polar sight, Golden crown,Border Princess. 9. Peony flowering: Eg: Bishop, Fascination. 10. Mignon & Top mix – Pot culture.
  5. 6. <ul><li>Optimum temperature- 25 0 c – Day. </li></ul><ul><li>16 0 c – Night </li></ul><ul><li>Long day plant- 12-14 hr day length. </li></ul><ul><li>Prefers cool climate, free from frost. </li></ul><ul><li>Soil- Well drained, sandy loam soil. </li></ul><ul><li>pH- 6 to7. </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Propagation - </li></ul><ul><li>Seeds </li></ul><ul><li>Division of tubers </li></ul><ul><li>Stem cuttings. </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial method- </li></ul><ul><li>Terminal stem cuttings. </li></ul><ul><li>Cuttings taken- September- October. </li></ul><ul><li>Rooting- 10-15 days </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition: </li></ul><ul><li>80:100:80 kg/ha-NPK </li></ul><ul><li>Chicken manure – increases yield. </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Mulching and hoeing. </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>Staking </li></ul><ul><li>Pruning. </li></ul><ul><li>Disbudding. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Harvesting: Fully opened/ bud showing colour . Vase life : 3-5 days. Holding solution - 10% glucose+0.2mg AgNO 3 + 200 g/lit 8-HQS. Yield: Cut flower- 8 to 10 flowers/plant. Loose flower- 15 to 30 flowers/plant.
  9. 10. <ul><li>Gladiolus gandavensis. </li></ul><ul><li>F: Iridaceae. </li></ul><ul><li>Inflorescence: spike- gives a sword like appearance. </li></ul><ul><li>6 pairs of florets – 3 outer sepals and 3 inner petal. </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Based on horticultural purpose: </li></ul><ul><li>Large flowered- spike height-120-150cm, strong, erect stem, triangular and symmetrical flower. </li></ul><ul><li>Primulinus- Hooded flower,small in size, spike height-100cm. </li></ul><ul><li>Miniatures-spike height-60-100cm,wavy and fluffy petals with rich shade. </li></ul><ul><li>Peacock hybrid- dwarf type, multi coloured with reflex petal. </li></ul>
  11. 12. 2. Based on commercial importance: 3. Based on floret size: Grade Spike length(in cm) Minimum floret number Fancy >107 16 Special 96-107 15 Standard 81-96 12 Utility 81 10 Type Floret size(in cm) Miniature <6.4 Small 8.9-6.4 Decorative 8.9-11.4 Standard 11.4-14 Giant >14
  12. 13. Commercial cultivars: American beauty, Applause, Christian jane , Her majesty , Rose time, wine and rose , Yellow stone,Friendship, Hunting song I ndian cultivars : Agni rekha, Basant bahar, Chaubattia , Gazal, Hans, Indrani, sakthi , Triloki, Sri Ganesh, Sagar
  13. 14. . Based on colours: White : white friendship , white prosperity, morning bride, moon frost. Pink : Day dream , Miss America, True Love, Tea party. Green : Armstrong, green bird, forest grade, emerald isle. Red : Red majesty, Florida flame. Yellow : Jester, Golden Harvest, Gold field . Brown : Mystic glow, little tiger, chocolate chip.
  14. 15. <ul><li>Soil : </li></ul><ul><li>Optimum pH- 6-7. </li></ul><ul><li>Sensitive to salt. </li></ul><ul><li>Well drained sandy loam soil. </li></ul><ul><li>Planting time: </li></ul><ul><li>Plains- September-October. </li></ul><ul><li>Hills- March-April. </li></ul><ul><li>Spacing -30X20cm. </li></ul><ul><li>Propagation: The gladiolus bulb is not a true bulb,it is called Corms. </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition : 375:150:250 kg/ha. </li></ul><ul><li>Micro nutrients: FeSO 4 -0.5%: Borax: 2kg/ha. </li></ul><ul><li>Staking -special horticulture operation. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Harvest: Tight bud stage with atleast five florets showing colour. Spikes are cut with sharp knife. Yield : 1,50,000 spike/ ha. Storage: Spikes – wrapping with moisture proof material.(3-4 0 c) Holding solution: 4% sucrose+250 ppm 8-HQC. Vase life: 10 days.
  16. 17. <ul><li>Lilium candidum . </li></ul><ul><li>F: Liliaceae. </li></ul><ul><li>Herbaceous perennial plant. </li></ul><ul><li>Inflorescence: raceme/ solitary flower. </li></ul><ul><li>Origin: South Canada. </li></ul>
  17. 18. <ul><li>Asiatic. </li></ul><ul><li>Candidum </li></ul><ul><li>American. </li></ul><ul><li>Longiflorum. </li></ul><ul><li>Trumpet </li></ul><ul><li>Oriental. </li></ul><ul><li>Wild </li></ul>
  18. 19. Variety Colour Type Star gazer Red white Oriental Snow queen White Longiflorum Vivaldi Pink Asiatic Elite Orange Asiatic Adelina Yellow Asiatic Jass Red Oriental Dream land Yellow Oriental
  19. 20. <ul><li>Temperature – 15-20 0 c- day. </li></ul><ul><li>8-10 0 c – night. </li></ul><ul><li>Shade net -75% shade. </li></ul><ul><li>Soil: </li></ul><ul><li>Sandy loam soil. </li></ul><ul><li>pH- 6 to 6.5 </li></ul><ul><li>Propagation: </li></ul><ul><li>1.Seeds : easy and cheap. </li></ul><ul><li>but reaches flowering only after 5 yrs. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Division of bulblets- commercial method. </li></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><li>Planting: </li></ul><ul><li>Plains- Oct- Nov. </li></ul><ul><li>Hills- Apr- May . </li></ul><ul><li>Special horticultural practices: </li></ul><ul><li>Staking. </li></ul><ul><li>Vernalization. </li></ul><ul><li>Harvest: </li></ul><ul><li>when lower most flower show colour. </li></ul><ul><li>Field heat- removed. </li></ul><ul><li>Post harvest: </li></ul><ul><li>Pulsing: 0.5-1.0% silver thiosulphate. </li></ul><ul><li>Holding solution: 200 ppm-8-HQC+3% sucrose </li></ul><ul><li>Yield : 1,00,000 spikes/ha. </li></ul>
  21. 22. <ul><li>Tulipa sp . </li></ul><ul><li>F: Lilliaceae. </li></ul><ul><li>National flower of Turkey. </li></ul><ul><li>Perennial herb. </li></ul><ul><li>The flowers are produced on scapes. </li></ul><ul><li>In India – Kashmir valley. </li></ul>
  22. 23. Type Varieties Single early tulip Crown imperial, pink beauty, white hawk Double early type Electra, Peach blossom, Dante. Mendel tulip Orange wonder, Weber, White sail. Cottage tulip Golden harvest, Rosy wings. Lily flowered type White duchess, Red painted lady. Dutch breeder type Red Indian chief, Purple Velvet king. Darwin tulip Golden age, Glacier.
  23. 24. Cooler climate without frost. Temperature - day-20-25 0 c night-5-10 0 c. Good light is essential. Soil: Well- drained, sandy loam soil. pH- 6 to 7. low soluble salt.
  24. 25. <ul><li>Propagation: </li></ul><ul><li>Seed : only for crop improvement programme. </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetative propagation- </li></ul><ul><li>Bulblets </li></ul><ul><li>New bulbs. </li></ul><ul><li>Ariel bulbs. </li></ul><ul><li>Stolon. </li></ul><ul><li>Micro propagation: Rapid multiplication technique. </li></ul>
  25. 26. <ul><li>Forcing: </li></ul><ul><li>Bulbs allowed to root at 9 0 c. </li></ul><ul><li>Storage- -2 to -3 0 c for 7-8 months. </li></ul><ul><li>Special pre cooling: </li></ul><ul><li>Done mostly in Netherlands. </li></ul><ul><li>Bulbs pre cooled at 5 0 c for 12-13 weeks. </li></ul><ul><li>This induces flowering in 45-60 DAP. </li></ul>
  26. 27. <ul><li>Harvest: </li></ul><ul><li>All flowers show full colour but still closed. </li></ul><ul><li>Post- harvest handling: </li></ul><ul><li>Placed in distilled/deionised water. </li></ul><ul><li>Temperature- 0.6-1.7 0 c. </li></ul><ul><li>Relative humidity- more than 90% </li></ul>
  27. 28. <ul><li>Narcissus sp . </li></ul><ul><li>F: Amaryllidaceae. </li></ul><ul><li>Origin: Meditterranean region. </li></ul><ul><li>Not cultivated in India. </li></ul><ul><li>Soil: well drained acidic soil. </li></ul><ul><li>Climte : sunny. </li></ul><ul><li>Nitrogen in excess causes injury. </li></ul><ul><li>Requires more irrigation . </li></ul>
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