IMPACT OF TOURISM 3.03 Discuss theenvironmental impact of tourism.
EnvironmentThe climatic, social, andcultural conditions thatinfluence the life of a person orcommunity
Positive environmental effects of tourism•Preserving natural resources is most importantelement in the development of a tourist destination.•Revenues generated may be used to improveanimal habitats, wilderness areas, andinfrastructure.•If tourists are educated about the environment andnatural resources, they are more likely tounderstand the importance of preservation effortsand to participate in that preservation.•Appropriate design of buildings in terms of color,signage, and landscaping enhances the beauty ofan area.
Negative environmental effect of tourism*An increase in the number of peopleusing an area’s resources will usuallyhave a detrimental impact on theenvironment.•Effects on wildlife•Effects on landscapes•Pollution of theenvironment
Effects on wildlife •Disrupting feeding and breeding •Killing of animals •Destruction of habitats •Restriction of wildlife’s natural movement and migration
Effects on landscapes•Erosion•Land development•Destruction ofnatural beauty
Pollution of the environment •Land •Water •Air •Chemical •Noise
Carrying capacity The number of users that can be accommodated in an area before visitors perceive a decline in the desirability of the area or before ecological damage is done
Factors used to determinecarrying capacity •The number of visitors •The amount of “use” by the average visitor •The quality of resource management and facility development/design •The number of residents and their quality-of-life needs •The number of other users of the area
Infrastructure The foundation and other systems needed to support and accommodate visitors•Water supply•Sewage disposal•Public utilities•Roads
SuperstructureFacilities needed to serve specificneeds of tourists •Hotels •Restaurants •Attractions