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Transforming Extension Education for the Global World
 

Transforming Extension Education for the Global World

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Presentation at the 2008 MidWestern Educational Research Association in Columbus, Ohio.

Presentation at the 2008 MidWestern Educational Research Association in Columbus, Ohio.

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    Transforming Extension Education for the Global World Transforming Extension Education for the Global World Presentation Transcript

    • Transforming Extension Education for the Global World Presented by Amy Beaudreault The Ohio State University October 17, 2008 MWERA Annual Conference Columbus, OH
    • Objectives  Describe the U.S. Extension System.  Explain and provide examples of globalization Extension efforts.  Describe the benefits and need for globalizing Extension.  Describe future of globalizing Extension.
    • What is Extension Education?  Smith-Lever Act 1914  U.S. Department of Agriculture Cooperative State Research, Education and Extension Service  Land Grant University Mission: Education, Research & Extension
    • Defining Globalization •  Ingle (1990) defined internationalization as: “The incorporation of international content, materials, activities, and understandings into the teaching, research, and public service function of universities in an increasingly interdependent world” (p. 18).
    • Timeline of Extension Globally 1975: Title XII of the International Development and Food Assistance Act of 1975 1983: Extension Committee on Policy (ECOP) commissioned an International Task Force to articulate the international role of Extension. 1989: Extension Committee on Policy (ECOP) Global Perspectives for Extension Report 1990s: Globalization of Extension Research 2000s: eXtension
    • Globalization Extension Research •  Poston and O’Rourke (1991) attitudes of Extension Service directors and administrators towards globalization •  Ludwig (1999) current level of activity and interest of Extension educators related to the globalization of programs to their local communities •  Zhai and Scheer (2002) influence of participation in study abroad programs on college students’ level of personal development •  Selby et al. (2005) assessment of current involvement, staff needs, and perceived barriers in international programming •  Lundy, Place, Irani, and Telg (2006) studied U.S. Extension agents’ attitudes of initiatives to internationalize Extension
    • Globalization Extension Research Ludwig and Barrick (1997) concluded five characteristics that make an Extension System international. 1.  lientele develop a fundamental understanding of global and C national interdependence. 2. Extension faculty/agents recognize the relationship between basic international issues and the Extension mission. 3. Extension educational programs within the United States stress the impact of international economic forces on agricultural markets. 4. Extension educators incorporate international perspectives into on-going activities. 5. Personnel evaluation systems recognize international efforts.
    • Benefits of Globalization Youmans (2005) provided some benefits of international Extension. 1. Agriculturalists have returned from abroad and now engage in the propagation and cultivation of crops seen only internationally. 2. Natural resource Extension agents have witnessed offshore mistakes internationally and have returned to the United States to witness the same mistakes for economic growth. 3. Extension agents have learned internationally about absentee male populations and reverse gender roles.
    • Research Findings 1. Acknowledge globalization as important and pertinent. 2. Encourage diversity and international educational activities. 3. Recognize and incorporate international Extension audiences. 4. Recognize and reward globalization efforts. 5. Change within organization.
    • Questions & Discussion