http://animoto.com/play/nLph0qBnvikAispEf0Hpuw Child Care from a Global Perspective France
History By Roshini The role and training of the ECE. Aegean Early Childhood Education and Care Program Structure Availability and Accessibility of Service Amy Underlying Philosophy Alyssa Amioto
Childcare system appeared in France 1840
Nursery school recognized in 1869
France Ontario 1869 – Nursery school was recognized by the French government 1883 – Kindergartens was establishment by the City of Toronto 1920-1930 – St. George nursery school established After world war 2- Public childcare is developed After world war 2- Day Nurseries Act established 1966 – Provide assistance plan 1970-1980 – Increase parents in the workforce 1971 – Free preschool system established
France Ontario 1971 – Free preschool system established 1998 – Standardized system for providing quality childcare to all 1988 Provide more school age childcare 2000 – Free childcare for under five year age children 2003 – Announced universal childcare 2005 – Mothers got 1000Euro a month – have a third child 2006 – Universal childcare plan cancel 2010 – Announced full day kindergarten
Maintaining large measure of childcare system
Education and Social Services Policy
After the second world war High teacher- student ratios came
1951 France preschool children
The comparison between France & Ontario. Canada
The ministère des affaires sociales, du travail et de la solidarité ( Ministry of Social Affairs, Employment, and Solidarity )
the ministère dela santé , de la famille et des personnes handicapées ( Ministry of Health, Family, and Handicapped Persons )
Caisse Nationale des Allocations Familiales - CNAF ( national family allowance fund )
1. Ministry of Children and Youth Services
Under 3years old : Parental care (64%) Centre-based arrangements Individual arrangements Crèches collectives (Creches) 4months- 3years old 1. Assistante Maternelle (Nursery Assistant) 2. Famille crèches (Family day care) 3. Garde à domicile (Home care )
2-5 years old------the école maternelle (nursery school)
moyenne section (middle section) for 4-year-olds grande section (large section) for 5-year-olds petite section (little section) for 2, 3-year-olds école maternelle (nursery school )
licensed, centre-based care
For infants, toddlers, pre-school and school-age children.
Include nursery schools, full day care, extended day care and before and after school programs.
licensed, private-home day care
For infants, toddlers pre-school and school-aged children.
AVAILABILITY AND ACCESSIBILITY OF SERVICE Canada & French
2-5 years old------the école maternelle (nursery school)
THE WORKING HOURS and other information OF NURSERY SCHOOL IN FRANCE
Parents can send their children part-time or full-time from 8:30 am to 4:30 pm.
All year, including summer and March Break; closed between Christmas and New Year
They do not guarantee placement. Register your child early to guarantee their place.
WHAT WILL THE CHILDREN LEARN IN THE NURSERY SCHOOL?
All pre-schools follow the same national curriculum .
Focused on five areas :
1. Oral language and introduction to writing;
2. Learning to work together;
3. Acting and expressing emotions and thoughts with one’s body;
4. Imagining feeling and creating;
5. Discovering the world.
French Comparison P ainting, sing, dance, play games and sports, and go on field trips. T eaching children French culture. P rofessional chefs prepare elaborate meals for children and serve it to them on china dishes. T hey are also taught to use proper table manners. C hildren will be able to play, eat, and have rest in the kindergarten. Canada C ome together as a community of learners. D uring group time, children work on cross-curricular theme related activities. K ids work and play in well-planned activities that expand their understanding of themselves and others. F rench programmer introduces songs, games, music and movement.
HOW MUCH FOR NURSERY SCHOOL?
At an average cost of $340 a week.
Program fee: about $7,195
Children 0-3 years: 27% of costs; children 3-6 years : free
Depending on where you live, daycare costs can vary from $ 200 per month to more than $ 800 per month .
The role and training of ECE
did not need a university degree must have four years of higher education
Earn a three-year university degree
At least one year of training at a university-based teacher training institute
A year at the teacher institute studying a wide variety of subjects in preparation for a national exam
A one-year program which consists of course work and two months of practice teaching in schools.
36 weeks of training during their careers
Two types of postsecondary institutions: colleges and universities.
Degree programs are usually offered in universities.
Some programs are full-time, and others are available part-time through continuing education or distance education programs.
Program content of ECE training Studies in self-awareness and communication. Knowledge of human development and an appreciation of the role of family serve Specialized studies in early child development form the framework for supporting professional theory and practice.
Providing protection Establishing relationships Designing learning opportunities Connecting with communities
Early Childhood Education and Care in France Underlying Philosophy
Most of the daycares have the same philosophy. They want to prepare children for future roles as contributing members of French society. In France…
“ Early Childhood Education and Care Policy” CANADA --Country Note http://media.photobucket.com/image/teacher/incrediblysnapple/teacher.jpg?o=1 http://media.photobucket.com/image/go%20on%20study/jellybrained/Life%20in%20the%20Big%20City/50.png?o=20 “ A welcome for every child ” -- Ready to learn By Candy J.Cooper with research conducted in France http://fr.ambafrance-us.org/spip.php?article555 http://books.google.ca http://www.guardian.co.uk http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Day_care <ESSENTIALS OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION> Carol Gestwicki & Jane Bertrand http://www.children.gov.on.ca/htdocs/English/topics/childcare/choosing/index.aspx http://www.epicschool.com/ http://relocatecanada.com/daycare.html http://www.expatica.com/ Reference