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  • 1. CONVENTIONAL WISDOM– TRADITIONAL FORM– THE PRESIDENT’S MESSAGE OF NOVEMBER 3RD, 1969 FORBES HILL By Anna Avery, Ariella Vance + Jimena Ramon
  • 2. Author + Essay Information     Forbes Hill Vietnamization Speech by President Richard Nixon, November 3rd, 1969 Other critics Hill’s perspective
  • 3. Historical Context of Speech    The Vietnam War A nation divided The Administration and The Peace Movement
  • 4. Elements of the Essay  The Aristotelian pattern  Ethos in a narrative
  • 5. Disposition + Synopsis: The Aristotelian Pattern  Disposition  Proem  Narrative  Proofs  Constructive  Methods of Residue  Refutative  Epilogue  Synopsis
  • 6. Logical + Psychological Persuasive Factors: An Aristotelian Assessment  Premises (Logical)  Predictions  “The future will resemble the past”; “When one party to a power struggle loses the confidence of its allies, its enemies grow”; “Quid pro quo”  Value Assumptions  “Security of life and freedom from bondage are primary goods for man”; “Betraying allies and letting down friends is assumed to be an evil”; Policies endorsed by the people they are supposed to help are said to be better policies”  States of Feelings (Psychological)  Fear, Confidence + Anger
  • 7. Characterological + Stylistic Factors  Characterological  Values System + Ethos  Johnson Administration  Future of America vs political gains  Peace, peace, peace  Right way versus easy way  Stylistic Elements (Tone)  Blunt + forthright  Impassioned
  • 8. Analysis: Effectiveness of Hill’s Argumentation  Extremely in-depth, thorough + original  Many examples, Well-researched  Organization  Citations directly from Rhetoric  Concessions to provide subjectivity included  Dense + lengthy  Overcomplicated  Syntax arrangement unusual  Necessary evils perhaps
  • 9. THE POWER OF SADDAM HUSSEIN’S WAR RHETORIC GARY W. BROWN Chris Killeen + Gabriella Gonzalez
  • 10. Author + Essay    Gary W. Brown Five Speeches Author uses neoAristotelian criticism to examine the context in which the speeches were presented and measure the success of Hussein’s rhetoric for the intended audience
  • 11. Context of Essay   The readers (our personal) context when approaching the essay (we’re approaching the topic with Western Ideologies, but Brown is not) Understand the cultural context (historical context about the speeches)
  • 12. Research Question  Purpose of the essay:  How was Hussein’s rhetoric viewed from the perspective of his own people or of the people of Iraq’s neighboring nations?
  • 13. Application of the 5 Canons      Invention: .  Koran, Traditional Arab tribal laws, Arab unity against “evil western society” Organization:  quotes from Koran, praise of strength and courage of Iraqis against air raids. Tell Iraq’s people they will be victorious. Criticize the west, and plea for other Arabs to help Style:  Classic Arabic dialect is used for authoritative, diplomatic and religious tones. Memory:  prepared beforehand Delivery:  voice is dynamic, energetic, and passionate.
  • 14. Conclusion Was the method of criticism used clearly and competently?.  context contains: The Rhetor, the occasion, and the audience.  Brown made links between Saddam’s rhetorical efforts, past, and character.   Ethos  Pathos  Logos
  • 15. What Knowledge Has Been Gained?  It is a good or a poor example?  Did the speech evoke the intended response from the intended audience?  Author’s stance