PC Hardware Servicing
Chapter 29: Managing Files
Chapter 29 Objectives
• Understand and identify file systems
• Manage files under Windows
• Display and close a command pr...
File System
• A logical method of storing on a disk
• Determines what identifiers mark the
beginning and end of a file
• D...
How File Systems Store Data
How File Systems Store Data
File Systems on DOS and Windows
PCs
• FAT (FAT16)
– 16-bit file system
– Up to 2 GB of data per logical drive
• FAT32
– 32...
File Systems on DOS and Windows
PCs
• NTFS 4
– 32-bit file system
– Used only in Windows NT 4
– Predates FAT32
– Ability t...
File Systems on DOS and Windows
PCs
• CDFS
– CD file system, used on CDs
• HPFS
– High Performance File System
– Native fi...
Using Windows File Management
File Management Skills to Master
• Select
• Copy
• Move
• Delete
• Rename
• View/change properties
• Create/delete folders...
File Attributes
NTFS File Attributes
• Compression
• Encryption
• On NTFS
volumes only
• Encryption
available in
NTFS 5 only
Troubleshooting File Errors
• General failure reading drive X
– Disk is not formatted
– Disk has gone bad
– Drive is inacc...
Troubleshooting File Errors
• Data error reading (or writing) drive x
– Physically bad spot on the disk
– Wrong drive type...
Backing Up and Restoring Files
• Copy files to another drive manually
– Hard drive
– CD
– Tape
• Copy an entire drive
– Gh...
Microsoft Backup
• Different versions of Windows have different
versions of Backup
Working with a Command Prompt
• Getting to the prompt:
– Boot from a Windows 9x startup floppy
– Start/Run, Command in 9x
...
Changing Drives and Directories
• Directory = Folder
• Change drive: Type drive letter and a
colon
– Example: C:
• Change ...
Command Syntax Help
• Add the /? switch to a command to see its
syntax
Understanding Wildcards
• ? for single character
• * for any number of characters
File spec Includes But does not include
...
Viewing Multiple Pages
• /p switch for DIR command
• | MORE for most commands
• | is the pipe symbol (redirector)
Common Commands
• DEL
• DELTREE
• MD
• RD
• SETVER
• COPY
• XCOPY
• MEM
• PROMPT
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Managing Files

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Managing Files

  1. 1. PC Hardware Servicing Chapter 29: Managing Files
  2. 2. Chapter 29 Objectives • Understand and identify file systems • Manage files under Windows • Display and close a command prompt • Manage files via command prompt
  3. 3. File System • A logical method of storing on a disk • Determines what identifiers mark the beginning and end of a file • Determines what information will be stored about the file
  4. 4. How File Systems Store Data
  5. 5. How File Systems Store Data
  6. 6. File Systems on DOS and Windows PCs • FAT (FAT16) – 16-bit file system – Up to 2 GB of data per logical drive • FAT32 – 32-bit file system – Otherwise fairly similar to FAT16 • FAT12 – File system used on floppy disks – Each 512-byte sector is its own cluster
  7. 7. File Systems on DOS and Windows PCs • NTFS 4 – 32-bit file system – Used only in Windows NT 4 – Predates FAT32 – Ability to create a spanned disk • NTFS 5 – Updated NTFS for Windows 2000/XP – File encryption, disk quotas, dynamic disks
  8. 8. File Systems on DOS and Windows PCs • CDFS – CD file system, used on CDs • HPFS – High Performance File System – Native file system for OS/2
  9. 9. Using Windows File Management
  10. 10. File Management Skills to Master • Select • Copy • Move • Delete • Rename • View/change properties • Create/delete folders • Work with Recycle Bin
  11. 11. File Attributes
  12. 12. NTFS File Attributes • Compression • Encryption • On NTFS volumes only • Encryption available in NTFS 5 only
  13. 13. Troubleshooting File Errors • General failure reading drive X – Disk is not formatted – Disk has gone bad – Drive is inaccessible – Possible virus infection – Possible physical problem
  14. 14. Troubleshooting File Errors • Data error reading (or writing) drive x – Physically bad spot on the disk – Wrong drive type in BIOS setup • Access denied – Permission setting preventing file modification – Disk is write-protected • Insufficient disk space – Disk is full – Directory is full
  15. 15. Backing Up and Restoring Files • Copy files to another drive manually – Hard drive – CD – Tape • Copy an entire drive – Ghosting • Backup application (ex. Microsoft Backup)
  16. 16. Microsoft Backup • Different versions of Windows have different versions of Backup
  17. 17. Working with a Command Prompt • Getting to the prompt: – Boot from a Windows 9x startup floppy – Start/Run, Command in 9x – Start/Run, Cmd in 2000/XP • Exiting the prompt – Close the window – Type EXIT and press Enter
  18. 18. Changing Drives and Directories • Directory = Folder • Change drive: Type drive letter and a colon – Example: C: • Change directory: CD and the directory name – Example: CD WINDOWS
  19. 19. Command Syntax Help • Add the /? switch to a command to see its syntax
  20. 20. Understanding Wildcards • ? for single character • * for any number of characters File spec Includes But does not include A*.DOC Amy.doc, Amherst.doc, A.doc Amy.txt, Betty.doc, Amherst.grp A???.DOC Ants.doc, Army.doc, Also.doc Amy.doc, Amherst.doc, Alls.txt ??D.* And.txt, And.doc, Atd.xls All.txt, Anderson.doc *. And, Book, Cheers And.doc, Book.txt, Cheers.xls
  21. 21. Viewing Multiple Pages • /p switch for DIR command • | MORE for most commands • | is the pipe symbol (redirector)
  22. 22. Common Commands • DEL • DELTREE • MD • RD • SETVER • COPY • XCOPY • MEM • PROMPT
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