Causes And Effects Of Congo Colonization

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Causes And Effects Of Congo Colonization

  1. 1. Do Now – 3/26Do Now – 3/26  "History will one day have its say, but it will not"History will one day have its say, but it will not be the history that Brussels, Paris, Washington,be the history that Brussels, Paris, Washington, or the United Nations will teach, but that whichor the United Nations will teach, but that which they will teach in the countries emancipated fromthey will teach in the countries emancipated from colonialism and its puppets. Africa will write itscolonialism and its puppets. Africa will write its own history, and it will be, to the north and to theown history, and it will be, to the north and to the south of the Sahara, a history of glory andsouth of the Sahara, a history of glory and dignity." dignity."     - Patrice Lumumba - Patrice Lumumba     What does it mean to you? What does it mean to you? 
  2. 2. Causes andCauses and Effects ofEffects of CongoCongo ColonizationColonization
  3. 3. Cause #1Cause #1 Territorial NationalismTerritorial Nationalism –To become one politically unitedTo become one politically united state after independencestate after independence –In opposition to Antoine vanIn opposition to Antoine van Bilsen’s “Thirty Year Plan for theBilsen’s “Thirty Year Plan for the Political Emancipation of BelgianPolitical Emancipation of Belgian Africa”Africa”
  4. 4. Cause #2Cause #2 Regional nationalismRegional nationalism –Bakongo, Kasai, and KatangaBakongo, Kasai, and Katanga –Due to mineral resources inDue to mineral resources in each regioneach region
  5. 5. Cause #3Cause #3 Mouvement NationalMouvement National Congolaise (MNC)Congolaise (MNC) – Led by Patrice LumumbaLed by Patrice Lumumba – Formed a coalition with other politicalFormed a coalition with other political parties that controlled the miningparties that controlled the mining regionsregions Kasai (diamonds) and KatangaKasai (diamonds) and Katanga (copper)(copper)
  6. 6. Effect #1Effect #1 Freedom (somewhat)!Freedom (somewhat)! –Political independencePolitical independence –Patrice Lumumba became thePatrice Lumumba became the first Prime Ministerfirst Prime Minister Lumumba’s speech at theLumumba’s speech at the independence ceremonies….independence ceremonies….
  7. 7. Famous QuoteFamous Quote ““Nous ne sommes plus vosNous ne sommes plus vos singes!”singes!”    (We are no longer your(We are no longer your monkeys!)monkeys!)
  8. 8. Regional TensionRegional Tension –Different regions split up andDifferent regions split up and formed their own governmentsformed their own governments –Mining regions in Katanga andMining regions in Katanga and Kasai attempted to form theirKasai attempted to form their own nationsown nations Effect #2Effect #2
  9. 9. Effect #3Effect #3 Political CollapsePolitical Collapse –Patrice Lumumba (the PrimePatrice Lumumba (the Prime Minister) and Joseph Kasa-Minister) and Joseph Kasa- Vubu (the President) tried toVubu (the President) tried to dismiss each otherdismiss each other –No one was fully dismissedNo one was fully dismissed
  10. 10. Homework – Lumumba OpinionHomework – Lumumba Opinion Write two paragraphs expressing yourWrite two paragraphs expressing your opinion on Patrice Lumumba.opinion on Patrice Lumumba. ------------------------------------------------------------------ What do you think about Lumumba? What doWhat do you think about Lumumba? What do you think about how he handled independenceyou think about how he handled independence and the political crisis? How should Lumumbaand the political crisis? How should Lumumba be remembered?be remembered?

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